Description, Implementation Integrity, and Social Validity of a Computer-Assisted Sleep Monitoring System among Residential Care Providers of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder

AbstractSeveral subjective and direct methods have been used to measure and assess sleep patterns and problems among children and youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In this paper, we describe the design, operating functions, and application of a computer-assisted system of sleep monitoring and data recording to improve measurement integrity of overnight care providers at a residential school. Descriptive and longitudinal evaluation conducted over a four-year evaluation period revealed that care providers averaged 91% implementation integrity with the system. A subsequent social validity assessment through survey questionnaire found that care providers uniformly rated the system as easy to learn, understand, and implement. We discuss the advantages of the system for sleep measurement and assessment of children and youth who have ASD and receive services in residential-care settings.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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Sleep disturbances such as excessive daytime sleepiness, central and obstructive sleep apneas, restless legs syndrome, and rapid eye movement sleep dysregulation are prominent in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). Mild intellectual deficits presented in many patients with DM1. In addition, psychosocial issues caused by neuropsychiatric symptoms are a clinical problem. We herein present the cases of four DM1 patients with sleep disturbances and neuropsychiatric symptoms in the preceding stage of clinically significant muscle symptoms. One of the cases exhibited a sleep disorder and neuropsychiatric symptoms befo...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Human Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Technology adhd autism Brain Balance brain training brain training centers BrainRx Direct-to-Consumer LearningRx Neurotechnology Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThe proposed CSHQ five-factor model may be useful in future studies of sleep problems in young children with ASD.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Loss of the RNA binding protein FMRP causes Fragile X Syndrome (FXS), the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability, yet it is unknown how FMRP function varies across brain regions and cell types and how this contributes to disease pathophysiology. Here we use conditional tagging of FMRP and CLIP (FMRP cTag CLIP) to examine FMRP mRNA targets in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons, a critical cell type for learning and memory relevant to FXS phenotypes. Integrating these data with analysis of ribosome-bound transcripts in these neurons revealed CA1-enriched binding of autism-relevant mRNAs, and CA1-specific regul...
Source: eLife - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese results have clinical significance as sleep and EF deficits may identify an ASD subgroup that is at increased risk for a comorbid ADHD diagnosis.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese studies demonstrate child sleep problems are associated with poorer parent mental health and higher parenting stress.ImplicationsFuture longitudinal research including multiple measurements of child sleep problems and family functioning is required to clarify the directionality of associations. Such knowledge is key in adapting sleep interventions to better meet the needs of children with ADHD or ASD and their families.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Brain and Behavior Disorders General Source Type: blogs
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Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine AI app AR artificial intelligence autism digital digital health digital technology games genetics health app health apps Innovation virtual reality VR Source Type: blogs
Nagore Elu1, Nerea Osinalde2, Javier Beaskoetxea1, Juanma Ramirez1, Benoit Lectez1, Kerman Aloria3, Jose Antonio Rodriguez4, Jesus M. Arizmendi1 and Ugo Mayor1,5* 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Spain 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain 3Proteomics Core Facility-SGIKER, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Spain 4Department of Genetics, Physical Anthropology and Animal Physiology, University of ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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