Targeting p53/TRAIL/caspase-8 signaling by adiponectin reverses thioacetamide-induced hepatocellular carcinoma in rats
In conclusion; Adiponectin can be proposed as a promising therapy for HCC. Adiponectin's tumoricidal activity can be partially mediated by blocking HCC-induced reduction in p53 expression as well as reactivation of TRAIL signaling and induction of apoptotic pathway providing more protection for the body against the tumor.Graphical abstract
Authors: Carrier P, Debette-Gratien M, Jacques J, Loustaud-Ratti V Abstract The global population is aging, and so the number of older cirrhotic patients is increasing. Older patients are characterised by a risk of frailty and comorbidities, and age is a risk factor for mortality in cirrhotic patients. The incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease as an aetiology of cirrhosis is increasing, while that of chronic viral hepatitis is decreasing. Also, cirrhosis is frequently idiopathic. The management of portal hypertension in older cirrhotic patients is similar to that in younger patients, despite the greater ri...
Conclusions: We identified exosomal miRNAs capable of distinguishing between non-malignant and GC-ascites, showing that the combined use of miR-181b-5p and CEA could improve diagnosis. PMID: 31598373 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that the upregulation of NLRP3 inflammasome activated by cardiolipin is crucial in NASH pathogenesis, which might provide a novel potential role of cardiolipin blockade in the treatment of NASH. PMID: 31599445 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS.—: Effective evaluation of liver biopsies with steatosis requires careful histologic examination and correlation with clinical history, particularly regarding medications, nutrition status, and alcohol use. Examples of uniform reporting, including appropriate use of the nonalcoholic steatohepatitis Clinical Research Network Activity Score, are provided. PMID: 31603713 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: PDW is significantly associated with OS in HCC. This result suggests activated platelet may affect clinical outcome and warrant continued investigation. PMID: 31594211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: These results suggest the complementary use of AFP and US to improve the effectiveness of HCC surveillance in patients with cirrhosis. PMID: 31593481 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma are the two major types of primary liver tumour. Both are increasing in incidence in the UK, in the case of HCC because of the increasing prevalence of chronic liver disease, particularly caused by alcohol and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. They have a poor overall prognosis because of late presentation and the presence of underlying liver cirrhosis in patients with HCC. Patients usually present with a liver mass or jaundice. Assessment is primarily radiological by means of computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging.
hsa_circ_0028502 and hsa_circ_0076251 are potentially valuable biomarkers for HCC diagnosis, and meanwhile, hsa_circ_0076251 could serve as a prognostic indicator for HCC. AbstractCircular RNAs (circRNAs) have been increasingly revealed to be desirable biomarkers for some tumors, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Combined with our previous microarray screening results, we aimed to determine the hsa_circ_0028502 and hsa_circ_0076251 expression features in HCC, analyze the relationship between their expression level and clinical and pathological characteristics, and investigate their diagnostic and prognostic values....
Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remains a major global healthcare challenge with changing epidemiology and increasing morbidity and mortality from the complications of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Hepatitis B virus infection can be broadly categorized into four disease phases: (1) hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic infection; (2) HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis; (3) HBeAg-negative chronic infection; and (4) HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis. After hepatitis B surface antigen loss, patients do not require any specific follow-up but they carry a risk of reactivation in the event of immunosuppression.
This study aimed to develop a metabolite panel to differentiate early-stage HCC from cirrhosis. Cross-sectional metabolomic analyses of serum samples were performed for 53 and 47 patients with early HCC and cirrhosis, respectively, and 50 matched healthy controls. Results were validated in 82 and 80 patients with early HCC and cirrhosis, respectively. To retain a broad spectrum of metabolites, technically distinct analyses (global metabolomic profiling using gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry and targeted analyses using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry) were employed. Multivariate analys...