Thursday ’s Daily Brief: Harrowing terrorist survivors’ stories, children first in Mediterranean rescues, Yemen and Switzerland updates, new SDG Advocates speak out

Our main stories today: Boko Haram  terrorist survivors tell their stories; UNICEF speaks out for children adrift on the Mediterranean; UN health agency pushes to stem dengue fever in Yemen; Switzerland declines sponsorship deal with tobacco firm; new SDG Advocates on the job.
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS These findings indicate diffusion expansion, a unique spatial diffusion pattern of Zika, Chikungunya, and Dengue epidemics in Salvador-Bahia, namely. Knowing how and where arboviruses spread in Salvador-Bahia can help improve subsequent specific epidemic control interventions.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
Currently, malaria and dengue fever remain the most life-threatening parasitic diseases across the tropical and subtropical areas, mainly in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). Malaria remained prevalent in as many as 91 countries around the world by the start to 2016. Fifteen countries accounted for as high as 80% of global malaria cases in 2016, and approximately 90% of the cases and 91% of the malaria deaths were reported from countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as 7% from South-East Asia Region (WHO, 2016).
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate spatiotemporal patterns of dengue fever in central Vietnam and effects of climatic factors and abundance of mosquitoes on its transmission. Dengue and mosquito surveillance data were obtained from the Department of Vector Control and Border Quarantine at Nha Trang Pasteur Institute. Geographic Information System and satellite remote sensing techniques were used to perform spatiotemporal analyses and to develop climate models using generalized additive models. During 2005–2018, 230,458 dengue cases were reported in central Vietnam. Da Nang and Khanh Hoa were two major hotspots in the s...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
PMID: 32240127 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
by Perran A. Ross, Jason K. Axford, Ashley G. Callahan, Kelly M. Richardson, Ary A. HoffmannWolbachia are being used to reduce dengue transmission byAedes aegypti mosquitoes around the world. To date releases have mostly involvedWolbachia strains with limited fitness effects but strains with larger fitness costs could be used to suppress mosquito populations. However, such infections are expected to evolve towards decreased deleterious effects. Here we investigate potential evolutionary changes in thewMelPop infection transferred fromDrosophila melanogaster toAedes aegypti more than ten years (~120 generations) ago. We sho...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Local transmission of dengue virus on Guam was reported for the first time in 75 years. Transmission was likely driven by Aedes albopictus mosquitoes after the previously known vector, Aedes aegypti, was eradicated by the US military after World War II.
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - Category: American Health Tags: Dengue Fever (DF) MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Public Health Source Type: news
Abstract Dengue virus (DENV) is a vector-borne human pathogen that usually causes dengue fever; however, sometime it leads to deadly complications such as dengue with warning signs (DWS+) and severe dengue (SD). Several studies have shown that fusion (Fu) and bc loop of DENV envelope domain II are highly conserved and consist some of the most dominant antigenic epitopes. Therefore, in this study, Fu and bc loops were joined together to develop a short recombinant protein as an alternative of whole DENV envelope protein, and its immunogenic potential as fusion peptide was estimated. For de novo designing of the ant...
Source: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Microbiol Biotechnol Source Type: research
Abstract We tested 700 serum samples collected throughout Panama from 2015 to 2016 for detecting antibodies and RNA of arboviruses. In convalescent specimens, microsphere immunoassay detected an antibody prevalence of 59.3% for dengue virus (DENV) and 30.3% for Zika, which included samples that were collected before the Panamanian surveillance system reported the first case of Zika in the country. For acute sera, the most common arbovirus was DENV with 18 positive samples (6%), followed by four (1.3%) of Zika virus (ZIKV) and one (0.6%) of chikungunya virus. Our results indicate a change in the chronology of when ...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Abstract Volume 72 no 6, p.413-419, 2019. Page 418, Acknowledgments "We would like to thank all staff and members of the Department of Virology, NEKKEN, Nagasaki University, Japan for providing technical support and advice. Our special thanks to the staff of the Pavilion II and the Central Laboratory of San Lazaro Hospital for their kind assistance during patient recruitment and data collection. We are also very grateful for the support of the Senior Vice President and Head of Research and Biotechnology (R&B) Group of St. Luke's Medical Center, Dr. Isaac David E. Ampil II. Finally, our sincere thanks to the m...
Source: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Jpn J Infect Dis Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 March 2020Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and InfectionAuthor(s): Wen-Hung Wang, Aspiro Nayim Urbina, Max R. Chang, Wanchai Assavalapsakul, Po-Liang Lu, Yen-Hsu Chen, Sheng-Fan Wang
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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