Exploring identity and personal meanings in psychosis using the repertory grid technique: A systematic review.

Exploring identity and personal meanings in psychosis using the repertory grid technique: A systematic review. Clin Psychol Psychother. 2019 Aug 14;: Authors: García-Mieres H, Niño-Robles N, Ochoa S, Feixas G Abstract Current research and clinical practice in person-centered approaches highlight the importance of self, identity, and personal meanings in psychosis. Previous research has focused on dimensions of self, but less attention has been paid to the personal meanings involved in identity. The Personal Construct Theory framework and the Repertory Grid Technique (RGT) allow the study of identity and personal meanings within person-centered approaches of psychopathology and treatment in psychosis, as suggested by studies that began more than 40 years ago. However, their contributions have not yet been reviewed. We aimed to systematically review the evidence for the role of identity and personal meanings in psychotic disorders. We performed a systematic search using personal construct and RGT terms in PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed, EBSCO, Scopus, and Google Scholar. After identifying 2574 articles, 15 were included. Nine studies followed an idiographic assessment and six were nomothetic. Patients reported their subjective experience of isolation in terms of high self-ideal discrepancy and high perceived discrepancy with their significant others, which some studies associated with a lower degree of recovery or with the way in which posit...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

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Authors: Tahan M Abstract Psychotherapy endows a sense of control in patients gripped with emotional conflicts which allow them to handle their reflexes and regain composure through conscious and behavioral alterations. These transformational changes can be brought about by improving their listening skills, observational capacities, creating awareness, making them more attentive and intervening. Conventional psychotherapy calls for one-to-one sessions during treatment. Considering the increased access to information technology in our normal living, the thought of human interaction being replaced by IT tools came to...
Source: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychopharmacol Hung Source Type: research
So now, according to the Washington Post, the Trump Administration is “…considering a controversial proposal to study whether mass shootings could be prevented by monitoring mentally ill people for small changes that might foretell violence.”1 As a psychiatrist, I keep wondering how many times the White House will scapegoat those with psychiatric illnesses rather than looking at the scientific data on mass shooters. To understand the problem, consider the case of “Tyler” (a composite of many mass shooter profiles). Tyler is a 19-year-old, single, unemployed high school dropout. He was wo...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Criminal Justice Mental Health and Wellness Stigma Violence and Aggression extreme risk protection order mass shooting Mental Illness red flag law Source Type: blogs
Condition:   Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) Intervention:   Other: routine psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) Sponsors:   University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland;   Leading House for the Latin American Region (Seed Money Grant SMG 1730) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Chen M, Pritchard C, Fortune D, Kodi P, Grados M Abstract Introduction Anxiety disorders result in a high burden for patients and utilize health care resources. Evidence-based treatments for pathological anxiety include targeted psychotherapy and use of serotonin-augmenting agents. Limitations in access to cognitive behavioral therapy and potential downsides to the use of psychotropics make the need for novel approaches to therapeutics in anxiety salient. Areas Covered Neuroplasticity mechanisms, as well as managing oxidative stress and inflammatory cellular allostatic loads can decrease anxiety. The gasotran...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
 Chrisa Hickey’s journey into mental health advocacy started when her son, Tim, was diagnosed with very early onset schizophrenia after being admitted to a psychiatric hospital for the first time at the age of 11.  He had been showing symptoms for years and had received a half dozen different diagnoses. His family was desperately looking for answers. Tim’s illness took a toll on the entire family, which was only exacerbated by the lack of information and resources available to them.  In America, fewer than 100 children per year are diagnosed with very early onset schizophrenia. Chrisa had to find ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Bipolar Children and Teens Depression Family General Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Podcast Psychiatry Psychology Schizophrenia The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: This review provides valuable insight into the treatment of PTSD, as it supports the heterogeneous trajectories of psychotherapeutic responses and provides avenues for the development of interventions that consider individual-level factors in treatment response. PMID: 31535576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study follows on from a previous evaluation of the Neuro-Physiological Psychotherapy...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
By Matthew Warren The placebo effect is a curious phenomenon. A wealth of literature has shown that inert treatments can not only produce medical benefits like pain relief, but also have cognitive effects like boosting creativity and learning. And while many of those studies involve misleading people into thinking that they are receiving an effective intervention, a new study in Scientific Reports shows that this deception is not always necessary. Researchers have found that taking a placebo can reduce people’s anxiety before a test — even when they know they are taking an inactive pill.  A...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Emotion Mental health The self Source Type: blogs
As many as one in four preschool-aged children are estimated to struggle with psychosocial stress and social-emotional issues; yet, interventions are often postponed until older ages when change is actually more difficult. Reasons for this include limited interventions, paucity of FDA approved medications for young children, as well as the dearth of clinicians adequately trained in psychotherapeutic approaches for young children. This commentary outlines indications of the four most commonly used evidence-based dyadic psychotherapies for young children: Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP) and Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Mak M, Starkowska A, Tyburski E, Samochowiec J Abstract In medicine, early disease detection is crucial, as it enables early intervention and increasesthe likelihood of successful treatment. Psychoprophylaxis is directed to persons from the socalled high-risk groups. First episode psychosis is usually preceded by various difficulties in day to day functioning, which due to their non-specific intensity or duration are hard to classify as symptoms of a mental disorder according to available classifications of diseases. There is evidence that using early intervention like elements of cognitive behavioral psyc...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
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