Confused About Who Should Get the HPV Vaccine, and When? The CDC Has New Recommendations

For its first few years on the market, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was approved only for young girls. Over time, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has broadened its approval to include boys, as well as adults up to age 45—allowing more people to get the cancer-preventing vaccine, but also breeding confusion about who should get vaccinated and when. On Thursday, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released new recommendations, based on guidance from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, that should clear up some of that confusion. The CDC reaffirmed that its prior recommendations for kids stand: boys and girls should get their first dose of the HPV vaccine when they are 11 or 12 years old, and a second dose six to 12 months later. If they do not get vaccinated on time, “catch-up vaccination” should be completed by the time they turn 26, the CDC now recommends. After age 26, however, the CDC says most unvaccinated adults do not need to get the shot—even though it is safe and approved for people up to age 45. That’s because the preventative vaccine is most effective among people who have not already been exposed to HPV, a very common sexually transmitted infection that’s usually harmless, but can lead to cervical and other cancers. Most people have already come into contact with HPV by their late twenties and potentially developed immunity naturally, rendering the vaccine less necessary. (...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime public health Source Type: news

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Specialty team –based services for first-episode psychosis (FEP) have the potential to improve outcomes among patients with schizophrenia. In anarticle inPsychiatric Services, psychiatrists Maria Ferrara, M.D., and Vinod H. Srihari, M.D., of Yale University described several factors that may disadvantage women in terms of both access to and quality of care in FEP services.Age of onset: Although many FEP services target young adults, research suggests the onset of psychosis may occur later in women. To meet the needs of women of all ages, the authors suggested that FEP programs consider increasing the maximum age at w...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: age clinical presentation FEP first-episode psychosis mood symptoms preventive medicine Psychiatric Services sexual health women Source Type: research
Background We aimed to (1) estimate the prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs) in Bamako, Mali, and (2) identify factors associated with STIs including HIV infection in this population. Methods We analyzed baseline data from a prospective observational cohort study on cervical cancer screening, human papillomavirus, and HIV infections among FSWs 18 years or older recruited in Bamako. Multivariable log-binomial regression was used to estimate the adjusted prevalence ratios (APRs) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for HIV infection and STIs versus associate...
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection (STI) worldwide. Immunocompetent hosts have intact defense mechanisms to prevent HPV infection, but immunocompromised patients are at higher risks of complications including HPV related cancers. Most of these cancers originate from high-risk HPV strains in sexually active patients.
Source: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although HPV constitutes an evolving paradigm in cancer prevention, optimizing screening test performance, and cost-effectiveness remains debatable. PMID: 32862567 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of B.U.ON. - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J BUON Source Type: research
AbstractGenital human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the United States and etiologically linked to several types of cancers including the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynges. Evidence indicates certain types of HPV-associated cancers disproportionally affect Latinos in the United States. This qualitative study sought to explore Latina mothers ’ perceptions and understanding of HPV infection, HPV-associated cancers, and the HPV vaccination for their adolescent sons and daughters. Twenty-two individual, face-to-face interviews were conducted in 2018–2019 wit...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions Self-collected stored-dry specimens seemed to perform similarly to sc-WET for the detection of ≥HSIL.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Conclusions: The study highlighted the type of HPV infection seen among the hospital-based population. For better screening, HPV tests available in the market should include all the types seen in the population.
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Based on the current study, the prevalence of oropharyngeal Ureaplasma spp. among patients with OPC is low and does not support a role in oropharyngeal cancer. However, the detection of the pathogen only among OPC patients but not in the healthy individuals might indicate a potential role and needs further elucidation.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Chlamydia trachomatis and human papillomavirus (HPV) are the most common pathogens of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which can increase the risk of cervical cancer and infertility. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, genotype and risk factors of C. trachomatis and/or HPV infection in women attending the annual physical examination, assistant reproductive treatment and visiting the gynecology clinics from Southern Hunan province in China. Cervical-swab samples were collected from 5006 participants. We found that the overall prevalence of C. trachomatis, HPV infection and C. trachomatis/HPV coi...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, though Saudi Arabia is pronounced as a conservative community with low sexual transmitted diseases, there is an alarming menace of HPV-attributable diseases necessitating a quick intervention. PMID: 32347771 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
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