Prediabetes is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease following renal transplantation

Prediabetes and post-transplant diabetes mellitus affect about 20-30% of renal transplant patients. The latter is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, no clear evidence linking prediabetes and cardiovascular disease is available. To study this we analyzed the impact of prediabetes on cardiovascular disease in 603 renal transplant patients followed with repeated oral glucose tests for up to five years and a long term survival evaluation. Prediabetes and post-transplant diabetes mellitus were defined at 12 months after transplantation to avoid their high reversibility rate before this period.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clinical Investigation Source Type: research

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Authors: Elihimas Júnior UF, Couto JP, Pereira W, Barros de Oliveira Sá MP, Tenório de França EE, Aguiar FC, Cabral DBC, Alencar SBV, Feitosa SJDC, Claizoni Dos Santos TO, Dos Santos Elihimas HC, Alves EP, José de Carvalho Lima M, Branco Cavalcanti FC, Schwingel PA Abstract Background: Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is a public health problem worldwide. Kidney transplantation (KT) is the best treatment for elderly patients' longevity and quality of life. Objectives: The primary endpoint was to compare elderly versus younger KT recipients by analyzing the risk covariables invo...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research
We report our experience with computed tomography (CT) screening for iliac arterial calcification. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records of 493 renal transplant candidates from protocol initiation in 2014. Non-contrast CT was performed or retrospectively reviewed if any of the following criteria were present: diabetes, ESRD>6 years, 25 pack-years of smoking or current smoker, diagnosis of peripheral vascular disease, parathyroidectomy, and coronary artery disease intervention. Differences in evaluation and transplant outcomes between groups were compared with chi-squared analysis. M...
Source: Annals of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research
We present a patient who underwent a simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK) after recovering from COVID-19 and is doing well close to 2 months post-transplantation. A 66-year-old Caucasian female with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to insulin dependent type 2 diabetes mellitus was called in to undergo SPK.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: letters to the editor Source Type: research
AbstractWhole-organ pancreas and islet transplantations are performed in a highly selected group of patients with diabetes mellitus, primarily those with type 1 diabetes mellitus, complicated by recurrent severe hypoglycaemia or renal failure requiring kidney transplantation. Clinical accessibility to pancreases or islets, and patient characteristics and therapeutic goals, may dictate choice of procedure. Pancreas transplantation is most often performed simultaneous with a kidney transplant, but patients with particularly labile type 1 diabetes may be considered for a pancreas transplant alone. While highly successful at r...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion(s): Risk factors of S-AKI arise from a wide range of sources, making it difficult to predict and prevent this condition. Comorbidities, and certain drugs, are the main risk factors for S-AKI. Our review can provide guidance on the application of interventions to reduce the risks associated with sepsis-associated acute kidney injury and can also be used to tailor patient-specific treatment plans and management strategies in clinical practice.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Delayed graft function (DGF) occurs in a significant proportion of deceased donor kidney transplant recipients and was associated with graft injury and inferior clinical outcome. The aim of the present multi-center study was to identify the immunological and non-immunological predictors of DGF and to determine its influence on outcome in the presence and absence of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies. 1,724 patients who received a deceased donor kidney transplant during 2008–2017 and on whom a pre-transplant serum sample was available were studied. Graft survival during the first 3 post-transplant years was anal...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Newer antidiabetic agents have been recommended by the American Diabetes Association for potential cardiovascular, renal, and hypoglycemic benefits. Particular agents, such as DPP-4 inhibitors and GLP-1 RAs may play a role in correcting PTDM-related defects. Clinicians need to take into account both patient-specific and drug-specific characteristics when initiating these agents in KTRs. PMID: 32795145 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Ann Pharmacother Source Type: research
AbstractAimsHeart transplantation may represent a particular risk factor for severe coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to chronic immunosuppression and frequent comorbidities. We conducted a nation-wide survey of all heart transplant centers in Germany presenting the clinical characteristics of heart transplant recipients with COVID-19 during the first months of the pandemic in Germany.Methods and resultsA multicenter survey of all heart transplant centers in Germany evaluating the current status of COVID-19 among adult heart transplant recipients was performed. A total of 21 heart transplant patients with ...
Source: Clinical Research in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results suggest that post-transplant outcomes of PTx using pancreas from older donors aged  ≥ 60 years are comparable to those using pancreas from younger donors, and support expansion of the donor pool for transplantation therapy for type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant remains a treatment option for patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus type 1, aimed at restoring normoglycemia, alleviating insulin dependency, avoiding diabetic nephropathy, and thereby improving the quality of life. Imaging remains critical in the assessment of these transplant grafts. Ultrasound with Doppler remains the primary imaging modality for establishing baseline assessment of the graft as well as for evaluating vascular, parenchymal, and perigraft complications.
Source: Clinical Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Body Imaging Source Type: research
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