Medical News Today: How do vaginal bacteria naturally protect against chlamydia?
For the first time, scientists have reported how certain types of microbiome can help cells in the vagina and cervix defend against chlamydia infection.
The latest edition of the Health Matters newsletter focuses on the prevention of five common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) gonorrhoea, chlamydia, syphilis, genital herpes and genital warts.
In this study, we investigated whether the route of infection plays a role in the downstream immune responses to C. muridarum infection. We found that transcervical infection with C. muridarum results in higher bacterial burdens in the upper genital tract at earlier time points, correlating with levels of innate immune cells. When bacterial burdens were equivalent in intravaginally and transcervically infected mice at later time points, we observed substantially higher levels of adaptive immune cells in transcervically infected mice. Our data suggest that different routes of infection with the same organism can elicit diff...
Deepti Tandon, Kiran Munne, Sanjay Chauhan, Anushree D PatilIndian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology 2019 85(5):441-447 Despite adequate treatment of reproductive tract infection, there is persistence of symptoms in some patients. This raises the possibility of existence of other silent microbes with pathogenic potential. Apart from the common sexually transmitted organisms such as Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, there are other silent and emerging pathogens, like genital mycoplasma, which have been associated with cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and pregnancy-relate...
This study will examine the pay-it-forward strategy in comparison to the standard of care in improving test uptake for gonorrhea and chlamydia. We will leverage the cluster randomized controlled trial to provide scientific evidence on the potential effect of pay-it-forward. Findings from this study will shed light on novel intervention methods for increasing preventive health service utilization and innovate ways to finance it among communities.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov,NCT03741725. Registered on 12 November 2018.
Conclusions In a large sample of internet-using MSM in the United States, levels of STI screening were suboptimal, with fewer than half (42%) of MSM reporting any STI test and even fewer reporting an extragenital STI test in the p12m. Increased efforts are needed to ensure annual STI screening guidelines among MSM are implemented.
Conclusions Testing for gonorrhea and chlamydia was low, particularly in jail, which was attributed to testing protocols. High proportions of PLWH tested positive for syphilis and HBV infection in both settings. The majority of patients with active STIs had a detectable HIV VL. Routine, opt-out screening for STIs for PLWH during and after incarceration has the potential to identify a high proportion of STIs and improve secondary HIV prevention.
Background The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends annual chlamydia and gonorrhea screening for sexually active women
Text or e-mail messages can provide timely notification of sexually transmitted disease results to patients. We assessed sexually transmitted disease clinic patient opinions about text/e-mail notification via a service called Chexout. Among 113 patients who opted in, the majority found results notification via texts/e-mails to be satisfactory (99.0%) and easy (92.9%).
Self-obtained vaginal swabs, first-void urine and pooled specimens were collected at home and in a clinic. Percent prevalence and collection site concordance was 30.3 and 100 for Mycoplasma genitalium (74.4% azithromycin resistant) 15.1 and 96.7 for Chlamydia trachomatis and 6.6 and 100 for Neisseria gonorrhoeae (27% ciprofloxacin-resistant).
No abstract available