Intimate Partner Violence and Women's Health.

Intimate Partner Violence and Women's Health. Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Aug 09;: Authors: Lutgendorf MA Abstract Intimate partner violence affects 15-71% of women over their lifetime, resulting in significant stress, negative health effects, and negative economic effects. Features include physical and sexual abuse as well as psychological abuse and controlling behaviors such as reproductive coercion or stalking. Intimate partner violence can occur in both heterosexual and same-sex relationships, though the risk may be higher in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or questioning couples. Pregnancy remains an especially risky time for escalating abuse and also provides a window of opportunity for screening and intervention. Victims experience many consequences of abuse, including physical injuries, traumatic brain injury, and chronic conditions such as headaches, insomnia, pelvic pain, depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Homicide is an especially devastating consequence, with 40-45% of female victims killed by an intimate partner, and homicide remains an important cause of pregnancy-related death. Routine screening is recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, and obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) should remain vigilant for signs of abuse in their patients. Often the cycle of abuse makes it difficult for women to break free, and ob-gyns should continue to pro...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The analysis of the presence of 5T polymporphism in CBAVD patients may add information when predicting the outcome of assisted reproductive techniques. PMID: 31797807 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research
This study on pediatric patients with primary enuresis included 30 patients with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MonoNE), 30 patients with polysymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PolyNE), and 30 healthy controls, making a total of 90 subjects with an age range of 8-18. In all subjects, the levels of serum and urinary Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) were measured, in addition to urinary creatinine levels and calculated as BDNF/Cr ng/mg creatinine (BDNF/ Cr). RESULTS: The serum BDNF results of the PolyNE group (0.949±0.587) were significantly lower than those of the control group (1.158±0.587) (p=0...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS.: Venezuelan migrants who participated in the study reported problems in their QoL; more than two-thirds reported anxiety/depression, and one in six experienced pain/discomfort. The frequency of anxiety/depression was higher in those with university-level education. PMID: 31800929 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Pessia B, Ciarrocchi A, Marinelli S, Pietroletti R Abstract A young lady complained of the sudden onset of intense chest pain, in consequence of an extreme hyperextension of the back in a yoga position. At endoscopy a large lesion of the esophageal epithelium was detected, involving the middle third of the anterior wall of the esophagus. Other symptoms reported by the patient were dysphagia and odynophagia, depicting the typical features of intramural hematoma, also known as intramural dissection or intramural perforation of the oesophagus. The patient was managed conservatively and symptoms disappeared wi...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Jean-Yves JennyAbstractHip or knee revision for infection requires careful planning of the debridement phase. Bacteriological sample management needs to be planned. Multidisciplinary decisions have to be taken as to 1- or 2-stage strategy, reconstruction technique and soft-tissue management. Surgical resection should be complete while economical. There must be no shortcomings in the technical procedure. Implant removal and surgical debridement are the keys to curing the infection, and planning is essent...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This article reviews the potential role of exosomes in OA regenerative medicine. Special attention is given to mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes due to the extensive research on their cartilage repair property and their function as miRNA cargo. More investigations are needed for the effects of exosomes from synovial fluid and chondrocytes in joints. A better understanding of the mechanisms will contribute to a novel and promising therapy for OA patients.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionWith Metaizeau technique, there were reported poor results of about 10% in literature. In our study, with the modification of the shape of the nail tip, we have managed to achieve stable fixation of the reduction without any loss of position and consequently, better outcomes.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusion. Long-term evidence supports lumbar total disc replacement as safe. The next-generation activL Artificial Disc is more effective at preserving range of motion than first-generation lumbar TDRs (ProDisc-L and Charité) and offers a higher safety profile. Other primary and secondary outcomes are similar between disc designs. Level of Evidence: 2
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: RANDOMIZED TRIAL Source Type: research
This study involved 102 patients who underwent indirect decompression at 136 levels, with LLIF and posterior fixation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs) were collected preoperatively and several times postoperatively (over a 2-year period starting immediately after surgery). We then quantified the cross-sectional areas of the thecal sac and ligamentum flavum, as well as the anteroposterior diameter of disc bulging, and qualitatively assessed lumbar spinal stenosis according to a modified version of Schizas’ classification [Grades A (mild) to C (severe)]. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Quest...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Conclusion. A review of the literature suggests that there are adequate data supporting the efficacy and general safety of the low-dose use of trazodone for the treatment of insomnia. keywords: insomnia, hypnotics, treatment, trazodone, sedative Keywords: insomnia, hypnotics, treatment, trazodone, sedative Innov Clin Neurosci. 2017;14(9–10):24–34 Introduction Insomnia is characterized by difficulty falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, or waking too early1 and is associated with significant impairments in daytime activities, which might occur despite adequate opportunities for sleep.2–6 Primary insom...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Review hypnotics insomnia sedative trazodone treatment Source Type: research
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