Interventional management of atrial fibrillation.

[Interventional management of atrial fibrillation]. Rev Med Interne. 2019 Aug 08;: Authors: Guenancia C, Garnier F, Fichot M, Buffet P, Laurent G, Lorgis L Abstract In 2030, the European Union will include 14 to 17 million atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, with 120,000 to 215,000 new cases each year. The increase in the prevalence of this arrhythmia has led to the development of new therapeutic intervention strategies to manage the different aspects of this disease. Thus, endocavitary or epicardial ablation of AF, by radiofrequency or cryoablation, provides superior results to antiarrhythmic therapy in controlling symptoms and preventing heart failure in paroxysmal or persistent AF. In heart failure patients with advanced AF, the ablation of the atrioventricular junction associated with the implantation of a bi-ventricular pacemaker has just demonstrated its clear superiority, bringing this technique up to date. Finally, in the event of a major bleeding risk and contraindication to anticoagulants, percutaneous occlusion of the left atrium has proven its value in preventing AF-related embolic events. The future will certainly see the emergence of new technologies but also personalized strategies based on an optimal selection of the right candidates for these interventions, thanks in particular to the contribution of imaging before the procedure. PMID: 31402183 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research

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Marco Vacante1, Antonio Biondi1, Francesco Basile1, Roberto Ciuni1, Salvatore Luca1, Salomone Di Saverio2, Carola Buscemi3, Enzo Saretto Dante Vicari3 and Antonio Maria Borzì3* 1Department of General Surgery and Medical-Surgical Specialties, University of Catania, Catania, Italy 2Cambridge Colorectal Unit, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United Kingdom 3Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Specialization School in Geriatrics, University of Catania, Catania, Italy There is a high prevalence of hypothyroidism in the elderly population, mainly among women. The mo...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundDigitalis glycosides are employed for rate control of atrial fibrillation. Recent studies suggested potential harmful effects of digitalis monotherapy and combination with antiarrhythmic drugs. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and potential impact of digitalis therapy on outcome in patients undergoing catheter ablation of supraventricular arrhythmias.Methods and resultsThe German Ablation Registry is a nationwide, prospective registry with a 1-year follow-up investigating 12,566 patients receiving catheter ablations of supraventricular arrhythmias in 52 German centres. The present...
Source: Clinical Research in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study investigated if statins would similarly reduce postoperative arrhythmias in patients undergoing THA. METHODS:: We queried a large Medicare and private-payer database from 2005 to 2012 and identified 12,075 patients who were on a statin prior to THA. We then age and sex matched 34,446 non-statin users who underwent THA. Baseline comorbidities and postoperative complications were obtained and assessed via standard descriptive statistics. RESULTS:: The statin users had more preoperative comorbidities including congestive heart failure, valvular heart disease, pulmonary and renal disease, diabetes, hyperte...
Source: Hip International - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Hip Int Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2018Source: IJC Heart &Vasculature, Volume 20Author(s): Ting-Yung Chang, Jo-Nan Liao, Tze-Fan Chao, Jennifer Jeanne Vicera, Chin-Yu Lin, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Fa-Po Chung, Shih-Ann ChenAbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) has become the most prevalent arrhythmia and it will increase the risk of ischemic stroke, heart failure, mortality, sudden cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and dementia. Stroke prevention with oral anticoagulant is crucial for management of AF patients. Vitamin K antagonist, which inhibits the clotting factors II, VII, IX an...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia associated with debilitating consequences such as stroke, heart failure and venous thromboembolism. In HK, 20-25% of stroke cases are related to AF leading to a significant burden. Warfarin has been the frontline oral anticoagulant for AF but with high bleeding risk and hence monitoring and dose adjustment are required. The non-vitamin-K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are alternatives to warfarin for preventing stroke and systemic embolism in non-valvular AF (NVAF) patients.
Source: Value in Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia in over-midlife patients. In addition to systolic heart failure, cerebral thromboembolism represents the most dramatic complication of this rhythm disorder, contributing to morbidity and mortality. Traditionally, anticoagulation has been considered the main strategy in preventing stroke and systemic embolism in atrial fibrillation patients and vitamin K-dependent antagonists have been widely used in clinical practice. Recently, the development of direct oral anticoagulants has certainly improved the management of this disease, providing, for the first time, the opportunity ...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
In conclusion, PE and AF may coexist, with an understudied bidirectional association. Prognostication and choice of antithrombotic therapy in patients with both PE and AF might be different compared with those who present with only one of the two and warrants further investigation. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Authors: Teleb M, Salire K, Wardi M, Alkhateeb H, Said S, Mukherjee D Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF), a common cardiac arrhythmia associated with increased risk of heart failure, thromboembolic phenomena and death, is a leading cause of hospitalization of adults. A major complication of atrial fibrillation is an increased risk of ischemic stroke leading to long-term disability and in severe cases, death. Historically, coumadin has been the drug of choice for chronic anticoagulation and stroke prevention in AF patients however, given the need for constant monitoring and multiple drug interactions, newer anticoagu...
Source: Cardiovascular and Hematological Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Cardiovasc Hematol Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent clinically relevant arrhythmia, affecting millions of individuals in Europe and the USA. Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke; the long-term standard of care for prevention of AF-related stroke is anticoagulation. The use of anticoagulants should be based on the absolute risks of stroke and bleeding and the relative benefit–risk profile of the individual patient. Treatment options include vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) such as warfarin, whose use is long-established but associated with drawbacks, including regular coagulation monitoring requirements and many fo...
Source: European Journal of Heart Failure Supplements - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Articles Source Type: research
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