Lamin-B1 is a senescence-associated biomarker in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma.

In conclusion, patients affected by ccRCC with high Lamin-B1 expression exhibit poor prognosis. Lamin-B1 may serve as a tissue-based biomarker for new therapeutic agents targeting therapy-induced senescence. PMID: 31402955 [PubMed]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research

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A total of $1.3 million awarded to advance new treatments for kidney cancerHOUSTON– September 16, 2019– The Kidney Cancer Association (KCA) is pleased to announce the recipients of the Advanced Discovery Awards (ADA) and Young Investigator Awards (YIA). In April, the KCA approved $1.3 million in new grant funding to advance early detection and new treatments for kidney cancer. “The KCA was delighted by the high caliber of proposals received for both awards and are hopeful that this research will advance the medical community’s understanding of kidney cancer,” said Dr. Christopher Wood, Ch...
Source: Kidney Cancer Association - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: news
The objective of the present study was to investigate the mRNA levels of important miRNA machinery components, DICER1, DROSHA, DiGeroge syndrome critical region gene 8 (DGCR8), and Argonaute 2 (AGO2), and their correlations with clinicopathological characteristics of ccRCC using mRNA expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas kidney clear cell carcinoma (TCGA KIRC) cohort and a Korean ccRCC cohort. mRNA levels of DICER1, DROSHA, and DGCR8 were significantly decreased in both cohorts. However, AGO2 was significantly downregulated only in the Korean ccRCC cohort. Additionally, positive correlations were observed between th...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Yang F, Song Y, Ge L, Zhao G, Liu C, Ma L Abstract The aim of the present study was to identify long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-based prognostic biomarkers in papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC). lncRNA expression data and corresponding clinical data from patients with pRCC were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas. R software and packages were used for data analysis. Univariate Cox regression analysis and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression were performed to identify key lncRNAs, which were then used to construct a prognostic model using multivariate Cox regression analysis. Patient...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
In the past decade, tumour flare reaction (TFR) was considered as a new side effect associated with immunomodulatory agents (IMiDs) and as a condition of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). However, this phenomenon is also observed with immune checkpoint inhibitors in solid tumours. It is still poorly understood and its incidence is underestimated. TFR has been associated with morbidity, therefore, early recognition and management of patients with TFR is critical. An exhaustive literature research between 1985 and 2016 was performed using PubMed; American Society of Clinical Oncology and American Society of Hematology abs...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Clinical Reports Source Type: research
Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) harboring a TFE3 gene fusion (TfRCC) represent an aggressive subset of kidney tumors. Key signaling pathways of TfRCC are unknown and preclinical in vivo data are lacking. We investiga...
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough the investigated co-morbidities are capable or inducing pathophysiological changes that are predisposing factors for tumor progression, none is an independent prognostic factor in patients with RCC.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractWe prospectively validate the efficacy of the frailty discriminant score (FDS) in individuals with urological cancers, as there has been growing importance in evaluating frailty in clinical practice. A prospective, multicenter study was conducted from February 2017 to April 2019. We enrolled 258 patients with urological cancers and 301 community-dwelling participants who were assessed for frailty. Frailty was assessed using FDS that includes ten items, such as physical, mental, and blood biochemical tests. The primary outcome was the non-inferiority (margin 5%) of FDS in discriminating patients with urological canc...
Source: Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis case documents the unusual recovery from secondary adrenal insufficiency in a patient who developed hypophysitis from immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Repeated pituitary hormone testing every three months for the first year after the development of hypophysitis may identify more patients with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis recovery.
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractPatients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have shown benefit from anti-PD-1 therapies. However, not all patients experience tumor shrinkage, durable responses or prolonged survival, demonstrating the need to find response markers. In blood samples from NSCLC and RCC patients obtained before and after anti-PD-1 treatment, we studied leukocytes by complete blood cell count, lymphocyte subsets using flow cytometry and plasma concentration of nine soluble mediators, in order to find predictive biomarkers of response and to study changes produced after anti-PD-1 therapy. In baseline...
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we demonstrate that expression of miR-30a-3p is down-regulated in RCC tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. Furthermore, ectopic expression of miR-30a-3p significantly suppressed the proliferation, migration, and invasion of a human RCC cell line in vitro, while miR-30a-3p inhibited tumor growth in vivo as well. TargetScan software identified Wnt2 as a potential direct target of miR-30a-3p. To confirm this relationship, Wnt2 was ectopically expressed. The effects of miR-30a-3p on RCC cell proliferation and invasion were subsequently restored. Therefore, the results of this study support an anti-tumor ...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
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