Temporal effect of electroacupuncture on anxiety-like behaviors and c-Fos expression in the anterior cingulate cortex in a rat model of post-traumatic stress disorder

In this study, we investigated the temporal effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at acupoint ST36 on anxiety-like behaviors and the expression of c-Fos in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in a rat model of PTSD. PTSD was induced by a single prolonged stress procedure comprising three stages: restraint for 2 h, forced swim for 20 min, and pentobarbital sodium anesthesia. EA at acupoint ST36 was performed from 7:00-9:00 once a day for 7 consecutive days. Open field test (OFT) and elevated plus maze (EPM) test were used to assess the success of the model and evaluate anxiety-like behaviors. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect Fos-positive nuclei in the ACC. We observed that EA performed from 7:00-9:00 was associated with significantly more time spent in the center area during the OFT and in the open arm during the EPM, as well as lower corticosterone response compared with that of regular EA (P 
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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OBJECTIVE: Depression and anxiety are comorbid conditions that are disproportionately high among American Indians (AIs) or Alaska Natives. The purpose of this study was to identify potential risk (e.g., low income, intimate partner violence [IPV], adverse ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
ConclusionsThis comprehensive review generates current prevalence estimates for not only PTSD but also depression, anxiety, and psychosis. Refugees and asylum seekers have high and persistent rates of PTSD and depression, and the results of this review highlight the need for ongoing, long-term mental health care beyond the initial period of resettlement.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Suicide is preventable. Nevertheless, each year 800,000 people die of suicide in the world. While there is evidence indicating that suicide rates de-crease during times of crises, they are expected to increase once the immediate crisis has passed. The COVID-19 pandemic affects risk and pro-tective factors for suicide at each level of the socio-ecological model. Economic downturn, augmented barriers to accessing health care, increased access to suicidal means, inappropriate media reporting at the societal level; deprioritization of mental health and preventive activities at the community level; interp...
Source: World Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: World Psychiatry Source Type: research
Rapid review question: What are the medium- and long-term health sequelae of COVID-19 infection among survivors? In brief: General health sequelae • Symptoms commonly reported among recovered COVID-19 patients two to eight weeks after the onset of symptoms (or a positive COVID-19 test) include: fatigue, shortness of breath, muscle or joint pain, chest pain, cough, and insomnia and/or sleep disorders.(1-6) • A study of 202 confirmed COVID -19 patients with mild symptoms, found altered sense of smell or taste occurred in 18.6% of patients, feelings of being tired in 13.1%, problems breathing in 10.4% and muscle or ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
This study was conducted to evaluate the status of depression and anxiety of healthcare workers and to explore the risk factors during the outbreak of COVID-19 in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed using convenience sampling ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
The COVID-19 pandemic has placed the world at risk of an increased incidence of psychological distress and mental disorders (e.g., anxiety, fear, post-traumatic stress disorder) (Ransing et al., 2020; Smith et al., 2020; Tandon, 2020). Though prevention an...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
AbstractThe present study examined the course of diagnosed alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in a cohort of Australian veterans of the Vietnam War (N = 388) who were assessed 22 and 36 years after returning home. Standardized interviews provided data on AUDs, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), other psychiatric diagnoses, and combat exposure. Overall, 148 veterans (38.1%) had no history of alcohol ÔÇÉrelated diagnoses, 151 veterans (38.9%) had a past AUD diagnosis that was not current at the second assessment point, and 89 veterans (22.9%) had a current AUD diagnosis at the second assessment. Less education, lower intelligen...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Psychological interventions were effective and acceptable at post-treatment for reducing PTSD symptoms, depression and anxiety in people with complex trauma, but the quality of the evidence was low or unclear.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Belet B, D'Hondt F, Horn M, Amad A, Carton F, Thomas P, Vaiva G, Fovet T Abstract PTSD is frequent in prison, with a lifetime prevalence of 17.8% among male inmates, and of 40.1% among female inmates. Despite those high rates, only a limited number of studies have been published about this disorder in the prison population, and PTSD is still widely underdiagnosed in jail. We conducted a review of the literature to identify the PTSD sociodemographic characteristics and specificities among incarcerated populations. Some epidemiological characteristics of PTSD are identical in both the general and the prison ...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine the prevalence and associated factors of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Rohingya refugees in Malaysia. A total of 220 refugees were randomly selected to participate in this cross-sectional study, conducted from June 2019 to November 2019. Perceived social support, religious orientation, food security, and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed as independent variables. The dependent variables assessed were MDD, GAD, and PTSD. The prevalence of GAD, PTSD, and MDD was reported at 92 (41.8%), 84 (38.2%), a...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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