Health inequalities: place-based approaches to reduce inequalities

This guidance comprises a set of resources – the product of joint work by PHE, the LGA and the ADPH – aiming to inform local government activity in this area and support co-ordinated action between local government, the NHS and the voluntary and community sector. Key aims of the project are covered in a 2 External 0 0 0 link-e xternal blog false https://https//publichealthmatters.blog.gov.uk/2019/07/29/enabling-joint-action-to-reduce-health-inequalities/ false true%>and an overview is provided in a slideset, Summary and examples of how to use a place-based approach to reduce health inequalities, attached to this email. The package of resources will be expanded, with additions expected soon to include an NHS Menu of Evidence Based Interventions for Addressing Health Inequalities and in-depth guidance on whole-system community-centred approaches. The format is modular, so users can choose to review the broader context and causes of inequality, or move straight to the practical framework for tackling health inequalities and access the range of annexes and tools that include: practical self-assessment tools to implement the place-based approach, case studies of existing practice and guides to local health inequalities data to support decision making.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Sport Management ReviewAuthor(s): Karolina Eszter Kovács
Source: Sport Management Review - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional RadiologyAuthor(s): Bahman Roudsari, Rex Pillai, Catherine Vu
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
We examined whether advanced MRI analysis techniques have the capacity to detect brain injury (particularly white matter injury) caused by chronic hypoxia-induced fetal growth restriction in newborn preterm lambs.MethodsSurgery was undertaken in twin bearing pregnant ewes at 88–90 days gestation (term = 150 days) to induce FGR in one fetus. At 127 days gestation (~32 weeks human brain development), FGR and control (appropriate for gestational age, AGA) lambs were delivered by caesarean section, intubated and ventilated. Conventional and advanced brain imaging was conducted within the first two hours of li...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Volume 100, Issue 9Author(s):
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Volume 100, Issue 9Author(s):
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: The Social Science JournalAuthor(s): Zefeng BaiAbstractThe present study investigates the impact of two drinking habits – moderate drinking and heavy drinking – on marijuana use among college-aged youths. Utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 97 (NLSY97), this paper reveals that there is a positive association between both drinking habits and marijuana use in the long run, indicating that alcohol and marijuana are complements. However, in the short run, the association between marijuana and alcohol varies based on different drinkin...
Source: The Social Science Journal - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Megan D. CogburnAbstractOver the last two decades, there has been a global push to improve maternal health by increasing numbers of facility births in low- and middle-income countries like Tanzania. While recent scholarship has interrogated the increasing hegemony of numbers and metrics in global health, few have ethnographically explored how this push for numbers and its accompanying technologies affect the lived experiences of parturients and those who care for them during pregnancy and childbirth in rural communities. Based o...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This study investigated the association of the five-factor model and trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) with camouflaging behaviours (masking and compensating for autistic characteristics) in a large sample of 278 autistic and 230 typically developing (TD) participants. Participants completed questionnaires assessing autistic traits, big five personality, trait EI, and social camouflaging of autistic traits. Camouflaging was negatively related to extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, while it was positively related to neuroticism. Trait EI was also negatively linked to camouflaging. The differences betwe...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
We examined consequences of work-family guilt with an interview study (N = 28) and daily diary study (N = 123). The interview study revealed that as a result of work-family guilt, parents tended to either reappraise the situation (e.g., emphasizing financial importance of work) or compensate for their guilt by adapting their parenting, adapting their work, and by sacrificing their leisure. Consistently, the diary study (where mothers completed online daily questionnaires over 8 consecutive days) revealed that higher work-family guilt was related to more traditional gender behaviors in mothers. Specifically, mothers...
Source: Journal of Vocational Behavior - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The new instrument allows healthcare professionals to assess the level of person-centered care provided by gerontology centers with excellent reliability and validity.ResumenAntecedentes/Objetivo: Las residencias y otros servicios gerontológicos son frecuentemente criticados por su falta de flexibilización y personalización en la atención, conduciendo a un trato uniforme que dificulta el control sobre sus vidas. El objetivo del trabajo es desarrollar y validar el primer instrumento de medida español que permite a los profesionales de la salud evaluar en qué medida se l...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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