Fewer parents smoke when pediatricians offer tobacco screening, treatment

(Reuters Health) - Parents who smoke may be more likely to quit when they receive tobacco screening and smoking cessation treatment from their child's pediatrician than when they don't get this support, a new study suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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AbstractThe reconstruction of central forehead defect is challenging because of the paucity of the adjacent extensible tissue and aesthetic importance of the area. Reconstruction of this region should be done keeping in mind brow symmetry and natural hairline. Camouflaging the final scar lines in wrinkles or hairline should be the final goal. Even small resections in this region can be surprisingly difficult owing to resistance offered by galea to advancement despite significant undermining due to its inelastic composition and position over the skull ’s natural convexity. Following, we present a case report wherein w...
Source: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
AbstractAimWe designed a prospective randomized study to assess the outcome of Colorado microdissection needle in comparison with conventional surgical blade for performing neck dissections.Materials and MethodsSixty patients who underwent neck dissection for oral cancers were randomly allocated into two groups. The outcome measurements were in terms of cosmetic outcome of neck scar, intraoperative blood loss, over all operative time, and postoperative neck drain assessment.ResultsThe use of microdissection needle in performing skin incision and neck dissection eliminates the need for local anesthetic with vasoconstrictor ...
Source: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
We describe our experience with the SCAIF during the pandemic in five patients with a variety of tumour types and locations. All five patients had a successful outcome with none requiring further reconstruction and all had a functional swallow postoperatively, including a patient who underwent a total pharyngeal reconstruction with a SCAIF.DiscussionThe use of a SCAIF during the current COVID-19 pandemic has significant advantages and is a reliable alternative to a soft tissue free flap.
Source: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionThe two techniques need further comparison though our study results demonstrated better preservation of bone through the socket-shield technique, thus eliminating the need for any bony substitutes.
Source: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
AbstractObjectives The study investigated the association between intraocular pressure changes and clinical ocular signs in 51 patients with orbitozygomatic complex fractures. Diplopia, chemosis, enophthalmos, subconjunctival haemorrhage, periorbital ecchymosis and extraocular muscles entrapment were assessed.Study DesignIntraocular pressure was measured in mmHg at different time intervals with Perkins and Goldman tonometers; within first 3  days of injury (T1), 24 h post-elevation within 3–14 days of injury (T2), 1 month after initial treatment assessment (T3), 2 months after initial treatme...
Source: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveTo assess bone thickness augmentation and implant survival in ridges with horizontal atrophy managed through split crest technique with concomitant installation of dental implants.Materials and MethodsThirteen patients with maxillary bone atrophy underwent surgery and had their bone thickness assessed through cone beam computed tomography 6  months pre- and postoperatively. Comparative measurements of initial and final bone height and thickness were taken using Dolphin Imaging® 11.5 software. The distance between the nasal fossa floor or the maxillary sinus and the alveolar crest determined the bo...
Source: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsMandibular advancement surgery is a viable option for improvement in pharyngeal airway in skeletal Class II patients with retrognathic mandible. Changes in tongue length observed in our study may correspond to the stretch of protruders of tongue, especially genioglossus, and may point toward possible relapse on a long-term follow-up.
Source: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionThis clinical randomized controlled trial evaluates the effectiveness of prednisolone mouthwash as a treatment modality for moderately advanced cases of oral submucous fibrosis.Materials and MethodSixty-four patients were enrolled for the study and randomized into two groups (n = 32 in each group). The experimental group was treated with prednisolone mouthwash and antioxidant capsule as per GDCH Nagpur protocol, and control group was treated with antioxidant capsule only. The primary outcome variables were interincisal mouth opening, burning sensation, and recurrent ulceration. Clinic...
Source: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionChlorhexidine diacetate-impregnated polyglactin sutures showed reduced erythema, pain and trismus in healthy patients undergoing surgical removal of third molar.
Source: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Propofol ameliorates NP and neuroinflammation of rats by up-regulating PPAR γ expression to block the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. PMID: 32985377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
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