Scientists to implant brain device in 6 obese people that 'zaps' them in their moment of weakness

The team at Stanford University has shown that binge-eating mice ate 60% less fatty food after receiving the responsive neurostimulation system. Now they hope to try it on humans.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Obesity and the metabolic syndrome I Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these data suggest that estrogen protects against binge-induced increases in body weight gain without affecting food motivation in female rats. PMID: 31411378 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 August 2019Source: Obesity Research &Clinical PracticeAuthor(s): Sanjeev Sockalingam, Samantha E. Leung, Raed Hawa, Susan Wnuk, Sagar V. Parikh, Timothy Jackson, Stephanie E. CassinAbstractObjectiveAlthough bariatric surgery is a durable treatment for patients with severe obesity, it does not directly address behavioural and psychological factors that potentially contribute to weight regain post-surgery. Psychological interventions, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), can be challenging to access due to physical limitations and practical barriers. Telephone-based CBT (Tele...
Source: Obesity Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Abstract Despite decades of research, few medications have gained Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for the management of substance abuse disorder. The paucity of successful medications can be attributed, in part, to the lack of clearly identified neurobiological targets for addressing the core pathology of addictive behavior. Commonalities in the behavioral and brain processes involved in the rewarding effects of drugs and foods has prompted the evaluation of candidate medications that target neural pathways involved in both drug and eating disorders. Here, pharmacological strategies for the development...
Source: Advances in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Adv Pharmacol Source Type: research
Experiencing stigma associated with being overweight may have negative effects on men ’s health and mental health, signifying a need to pay more attention to men in an area of research and treatment that usually focuses on women, say researchers in astudy published inObesity.“More than 20 studies examining health effects of weight stigma in the past five years alone have been limited to women, but very few studies to date have been limited to men,” Mary S. Himmelstein, Ph.D., and colleagues at the University of Connecticut wrote.In the study, more than 1,750 overweight men with an average body mass index ...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: binge eating depression dieting Mary Himmelstein obesity weight stigma Source Type: research
American culture seems obsessed with dieting. According to the Centers for Disease Control, almost 70% of Americans over the age of 20 are overweight, including 35% that are considered obese. In kids and teens, it’s 17%. Meanwhile, the cultural ideal is to be fit, thin, and trim. The quest for body perfection has created a U.S. weight loss industry that was estimated to be worth $68.2 billion in 2017. In 2018, the fitness industry topped $30 billion. While 45 million Americans go on a diet every year and 54 million Americans paid for gym memberships last year, the sad reality is that most diets fail and most pe...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Eating Disorders Exercise Healthy Living Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder Disordered Eating food aversion Muscle Dysmorphia Orthorexia unhealthy dieting Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Molecular and Cellular EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Marta G. Novelle, Carlos DiéguezAbstractIn an obesity pandemic context, eating disorders (ED) have arisen as serious illnesses associated with severe disturbances and has a clear gender dependent bias. In this manuscript, we provide an overview of the oestrogen role in the homeostatic and hedonic control of food intake. We draw attention to the role of oestrogens in the various reward processes and their possible implication in the development of ED, a condition much more common in women. In here, we have summarized...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSES: Aberrant eating patterns are frequently observed in bariatric patients. Since bariatric operations produce alterations in food transit and in appetite/satiety balance, postoperative eating behavior changes are not surprising. METHODS: 88 consecutive obese patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP, 50 cases) and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG, 38 cases) were retrospectively evaluated. Beside anthropometric data measurement, eating behavior was assessed by direct interview prior to the operation and at the first and second postoperative years: patients were considered as eating disordered (...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Impaired Autonomy and Performance is associated with BED in a sample of obese patients. Schema therapy should be considered a potential psychotherapy strategy in the treatment of BED. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, case-control study. PMID: 31302882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our results confirm that both FA and clinical level of binge eating are common problems in both overweight/obese patients seeking low-energy-diet therapy and in obese bariatric surgery candidates, justifying the clinical utility of assessing these dysfunctional eating patterns. PMID: 31282493 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research
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