Turning Trash Cans into Iron Lungs: Dr. Robert M. Coffey, the “Genius of Juneau”
Portland surgical pioneer Robert Calvin Coffey named his youngest son Robert Mayo Coffey (1906 to 1972,right). The latter earned his M.D. at the University of Michigan and returned with his wife to his native Oregon. By 1937 the couple and their two young daughters were living in Juneau, Alaska. When neighboring children were quarantined with infantile paralysis, the resourceful Dr. Coffey began converting trash cans into iron lungs (left), just in case any children developed breathing difficulties. Electrical valves on Coffey ’s “pressure and reserve tanks” alternated positive and negative pressures for up to 26 respirations per minute. For Coffey’s innovative preparations during Alaska’s poliomyelitis outbreak, this “genius of Juneau” was headlined in newspaper articles nationwide. (Copyright © the Americ an Society of Anesthesiologists’ Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology.)
Background: Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a member of the Picornaviridae family of single-stranded positive-sense RNA viruses. EV-D68 infection has historically been associated with respiratory illnesses in humans. However, in the summers of 2014, 2016, and 2018 EV-D68 outbreaks coincided with a spike in polio-like acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) cases. This raised concerns that EV-D68 could be the causative agent of AFM during these recent outbreaks.
Background: Whilst wild polio outbreaks are becoming a distant memory, vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) outbreaks are increasing in incidence. For many countries currently experiencing VDPV outbreaks (Philippines, Ghana, Indonesia, etc.) it has been many years since polio has been observed and the optimal location of vaccination campaigns are uncertain.
[PR Newswire] Amman, Jordan -- "The recent vaccine-derived polio outbreaks confirmed in Yemen and Sudan are consequences of increasingly low levels of immunity among children. Each outbreak has paralysed children in areas that have been extremely difficult if not impossible to reach with routine or supplementary polio vaccination for extended periods of time.
(Natural News) Just a week after the World Health Organization announced that their lengthy polio vaccination campaign in Africa was a success, it emerged that their oral vaccine has actually spurred yet another new outbreak of the disease there. The new outbreak is being seen in Sudan, where two children were paralyzed shortly after being...
We describe here the three main infectious causes of epidemics that affect the peripheral nervous system: leprosy, poliomyelitis and diphtheria. We then discuss the main epidemics of immune-mediated origin.
We are tantalisingly close to eradicating the disease. Things may slip backwards because of science, thugs and exponents of ignorancePolio arrives, if it announces itself at all, as a high temperature. Or a sore throat. Maybe a headache, or an upset stomach. It can go within a week or so, and be mistaken for flu. It is transmitted by poor hygiene, largely affects children under five, and many don ’t realise they’ve had it. In 5-10% of cases, however, the virus affects the nerves, paralysing the legs in particular; sometimes it reaches the lungs. For most, this is temporary. For others –30 years ago, this ...
PMID: 32853189 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This report describes how disruptions in routine immunizations because of the COVID-19 pandemic have elevated the risk for increases in vaccine-preventable diseases such as polio in Africa and the Philippines.
[Premium Times] Nigeria used data systems, community engagement and innovative technology to monitor and predict the occurrence of polio outbreaks as part of the country's efforts to eliminate the disease, President Muhammadu Buhari said on Tuesday.
Nobody will ever know the identity of the thousands of African children who were not killed or paralyzed by polio this year. They would have been hard to keep track of no matter what because in ordinary times, they would have followed thousands last year and thousands the year before and on back in a generations-long trail of suffering and death. Instead, no African children were claimed by polio this year or last year or the year before. It was in 2016 that the last case of wild, circulating polio was reported in Nigeria—the final country on the 54-nation African continent where the disease was endemic. And with a r...