Turning Trash Cans into Iron Lungs: Dr. Robert M. Coffey, the “Genius of Juneau”

Portland surgical pioneer Robert Calvin Coffey named his youngest son Robert Mayo Coffey (1906 to 1972,right). The latter earned his M.D. at the University of Michigan and returned with his wife to his native Oregon. By 1937 the couple and their two young daughters were living in Juneau, Alaska. When neighboring children were quarantined with infantile paralysis, the resourceful Dr. Coffey began converting trash cans into iron lungs (left), just in case any children developed breathing difficulties. Electrical valves on Coffey ’s “pressure and reserve tanks” alternated positive and negative pressures for up to 26 respirations per minute. For Coffey’s innovative preparations during Alaska’s poliomyelitis outbreak, this “genius of Juneau” was headlined in newspaper articles nationwide. (Copyright © the Americ an Society of Anesthesiologists’ Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology.)
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

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Background: Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a member of the Picornaviridae family of single-stranded positive-sense RNA viruses. EV-D68 infection has historically been associated with respiratory illnesses in humans. However, in the summers of 2014, 2016, and 2018 EV-D68 outbreaks coincided with a spike in polio-like acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) cases. This raised concerns that EV-D68 could be the causative agent of AFM during these recent outbreaks.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 0578 Source Type: research
Background: Whilst wild polio outbreaks are becoming a distant memory, vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) outbreaks are increasing in incidence. For many countries currently experiencing VDPV outbreaks (Philippines, Ghana, Indonesia, etc.) it has been many years since polio has been observed and the optimal location of vaccination campaigns are uncertain.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 0567 Source Type: research
[PR Newswire] Amman, Jordan -- "The recent vaccine-derived polio outbreaks confirmed in Yemen and Sudan are consequences of increasingly low levels of immunity among children. Each outbreak has paralysed children in areas that have been extremely difficult if not impossible to reach with routine or supplementary polio vaccination for extended periods of time.
Source: AllAfrica News: Polio - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
(Natural News) Just a week after the World Health Organization announced that their lengthy polio vaccination campaign in Africa was a success, it emerged that their oral vaccine has actually spurred yet another new outbreak of the disease there. The new outbreak is being seen in Sudan, where two children were paralyzed shortly after being...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
We describe here the three main infectious causes of epidemics that affect the peripheral nervous system: leprosy, poliomyelitis and diphtheria. We then discuss the main epidemics of immune-mediated origin.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We are tantalisingly close to eradicating the disease. Things may slip backwards because of science, thugs and exponents of ignorancePolio arrives, if it announces itself at all, as a high temperature. Or a sore throat. Maybe a headache, or an upset stomach. It can go within a week or so, and be mistaken for flu. It is transmitted by poor hygiene, largely affects children under five, and many don ’t realise they’ve had it. In 5-10% of cases, however, the virus affects the nerves, paralysing the legs in particular; sometimes it reaches the lungs. For most, this is temporary. For others –30 years ago, this ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Polio Vaccines and immunisation Children Pakistan Afghanistan Hepatitis B Taliban Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases Health Medical research Science South and Central Asia Society Source Type: news
PMID: 32853189 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
This report describes how disruptions in routine immunizations because of the COVID-19 pandemic have elevated the risk for increases in vaccine-preventable diseases such as polio in Africa and the Philippines.
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - Category: American Health Tags: MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Polio (poliomyelitis) Source Type: news
[Premium Times] Nigeria used data systems, community engagement and innovative technology to monitor and predict the occurrence of polio outbreaks as part of the country's efforts to eliminate the disease, President Muhammadu Buhari said on Tuesday.
Source: AllAfrica News: Polio - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Nobody will ever know the identity of the thousands of African children who were not killed or paralyzed by polio this year. They would have been hard to keep track of no matter what because in ordinary times, they would have followed thousands last year and thousands the year before and on back in a generations-long trail of suffering and death. Instead, no African children were claimed by polio this year or last year or the year before. It was in 2016 that the last case of wild, circulating polio was reported in Nigeria—the final country on the 54-nation African continent where the disease was endemic. And with a r...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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