Higher prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome and greater gastrointestinal symptoms in obsessive-compulsive disorder

Publication date: Available online 13 August 2019Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Jasmine Turna, Keren Grosman Kaplan, Beth Patterson, Premysl Bercik, Rebecca Anglin, Noam Soreni, Michael Van AmeringenAbstractBackgroundAnxiety and mood symptoms often co-occur with gastrointestinal problems, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The extent to which these relate to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is unclear, despite anxiety being a prominent symptom of this disorder. The purpose of this analysis was to examine gastrointestinal symptoms in unmedicated, non-depressed adult OCD patients compared to age- and sex-matched community controls.MethodsTwenty-one OCD patients and 22 controls were recruited from the community (Hamilton, ON, Canada) and enrolled in this cross-sectional study. In addition to a standardized psychiatric assessment, participants completed clinician- and self-rated psychiatric and gastrointestinal symptom severity measures. Presence of IBS was assessed using Rome III criteria.ResultsGastrointestinal symptom severity (GSRS total; OCD = 8.67 ± 6.72 vs. controls = 2.32 ± 2.12) and prevalence of IBS (OCD = 47.6%; Controls = 4.5%) was higher in OCD patients than in controls. A comparison of OCD patients based on IBS status revealed greater depressive symptom severity (total MADRS: 12.60 ± 1.89 vs 6.91 ± 2.77), p 
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Based on these results NDDS is considered to be an applicable instrument for identifying personality pathology in patients with depressive symptoms, by recognizing the specific pattern. This is thought to be important for adequate treatment planning. PMID: 31517547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Depression, schizophrenia and some other mental health conditions have a variety of symptoms but they all seem to be connected by similar differences in the brain
Source: New Scientist - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 September 2019Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Chao-Feng Hsieh, James N. BeMiller, Kerry C. HuberAbstractGranular and molecular reaction patterns of maize and wheat starches (normal and waxy genotypes) were investigated in relation to extent of granule hydration (equilibrated at 25, 55, 75, 86 or 100% relative humidity [RH]; moisture range ≈ 10–40 g/100 g starch) within a model reaction system utilizing a fluorescent reagent (5-(4,6-dichlorotriazinyl)aminofluorescein). The greatest incremental increase in granule hydration (49–80%) and overall extent of re...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
PMID: 31512733 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2019Source: Social Science ResearchAuthor(s): Wensong ShenAbstractResearch on depression and education usually focuses on a unidirectional relationship. This paper proposes a reciprocal relationship, simultaneously estimating the effects of depression on education and of education on depression. China, which has the world's largest education system, is used as a case study. This paper applies structural equation modeling to three datasets: the China Family Panel Studies, the China Education Panel Survey, and the Gansu Survey of Children and Families. Analyses reveal a recipro...
Source: Social Science Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Authors: Gameon JA, Skewes MC Abstract American Indian/Alaska Native and First Nations communities suffer from health disparities associated with multiple forms of trauma exposure. Culturally appropriate interventions are needed to heal current and historical trauma wounds. Although there are evidence-based trauma interventions for other populations, few have been implemented or evaluated with Native communities. Understanding the extant research on trauma interventions in Native communities is crucial for advancing science and filling gaps in the evidence base, and for meeting the needs of underserved people. In t...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research
Authors: Arora A, Sandhu HS, Brasch J Abstract The authors would like to correct the footnote of Table 2. PMID: 31512158 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research
In the wake of the deaths by suicide of two mental health advocates, CNN's Michael Smerconish speaks with Peggy Wehmeyer about living with the shame and stigma of having a loved one die by suicide.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Homœopathic Links 2017; 30: 245-249 DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1608614Fibromyalgia is one of the most common genetically inherited chronic affective spectrum disorders (ASD). Other ASD disorders are psychiatric and medical conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), migraine, cataplexy—attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, bulimia nervosa, dysthymic disorder, generalised anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder (MDD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, rheumatoid arthritis, and social phobia. Apart from genetic factors, neuroendo...
Source: Homoeopathic Links - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Philosophy and Discussion Source Type: research
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