Mobile phone use while cycling: a study based on the theory of planned behavior - Jiang K, Yang Z, Feng Z, Yu Z, Bao S, Huang Z.

To examine the factors that influence mobile phone use while cycling, mobile phone addiction and perceptions of distraction were included in the theory of planned behavior (TPB) model to explore the relationship between the psychological factors of mobile ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

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BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine's effects on brain function have been associated with cognitive deficits, which have a negative impact on clinical outcomes. However, it remains unclear if cognitive deficits relate to methamphetamine dependence (potentially ame...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
This study was conducted to evaluate the internet addiction and fear of missing out (FoMO) among nursing students.Design and MethodsThis descriptive study was conducted with 511 nursing students who consent to participate.ResultsIt was found that 3.8% (14 students) of the students participating in the research were “pathological internet users.” There was a positive correlation between internet addiction and FoMO (r = .332;P = .000).Practice ImplicationsThe finding that addiction increases with the increase in the use of social media show us that the excessive use of social media is ...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
(Society for the Study of Addiction) A real-world study of over 600,000 adult participants without a history of depression has found that the stop-smoking medication varenicline (marketed as Chantix and Champix) does not appear to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular or neuropsychiatric hospitalization compared with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). These findings confirm those of earlier clinical trials, providing further evidence of the safety of varenicline as an aid to stop smoking.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Jeffrey W. Grimm, Frances SauterAbstractEnvironmental enrichment (EE) for rodents is generally defined as providing subjects with an environment enhanced with access to conspecifics, novel and tactile stimuli, and in many preparations, more space. EE exposure, in particular as an “intervention” in adult rodents, decreases food and drug seeking and taking. This review focuses on the reduction of sucrose seeking and taking in rats assessed in operant-based procedures. The operant-based model provides a mean...
Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In this study, we designed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the feasibility and efficacy of the PPI in improving mental health status of PWUD attending methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). A total of 140 MMT users were randomly allocated into the intervention group (n = 70) which carried on the intervention (documenting “Three Good Things” every day for 2 weeks) and the control group (n = 70) which received booklets about mental health. Baseline, 2-week, 1-month, and 3-month follow-up interviews were conducted. Generalized estimating equations for repeated measureme...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
ConclusionsMore than one-third of the students not only have a certain type of psychiatric disorder but also engage in at least one risky behavior.
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
This study provides a detailed map of oprm1 localization in the brain, which includes previously unreported oprm1 in the habenula of teleost. Presence of oprm1 in multiple brain sites implies multiple action targets of morphine and potential brain functions which could include reward, cognitive and negative emotions.
Source: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Condition:   Addiction, Opioid Intervention:   Behavioral: TCU Opioid-Treatment Linkage Model (O-TLM) Sponsors:   Texas Christian University;   University of New Mexico;   Loyola University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
While working as a family therapist with kinship families, also known as grandparents raising their grandchildren, I came across families who were struggling with the ability to rebuild broken trust. Raising your grandchild (or another relative) brings with it attachment challenges you may not have faced when you raised your biological children. By “attachment” I am referring to the safety and comfort that develops, over time between a child and caregiver. For example, the bond between you and your children probably grew organically, beginning in utero, and continued to develop from the first day of their life...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Aging Caregivers Children and Teens Family Grief and Loss Parenting Substance Abuse Adverse Childhood Experience Attachment Bonding Child Development Grandfamily Grandparents grieving kinship family Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: International Journal of PsychophysiologyAuthor(s): Hui Zhang, Yun Luo, Yufan Lan, Kiara BarrowAbstractThe aim of this study is to examine the association of the combined indices of respiratory sinus arrhythmia at rest (basal RSA) and in response to a mental arithmetic task (RSA reactivity) to internet addiction. Participants included 99 young adults (61 men and 38 women) who reported on their levels of internet addiction. The results indicated that RSA reactivity moderated the association between basal RSA and self-reported internet addiction. This showcased that ...
Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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