Zoonosis: Update on Existing and Emerging Vector-Borne Illnesses in the USA

AbstractPurpose of reviewThis review describes mosquito- and tick-borne diseases found in the Western Hemisphere. It focuses on emerging diseases and recent geographic shifts in the presence of disease vectors.Recent FindingsMosquito and tick vectors have become more widespread as environmental conditions have become more favorable. Zika recently has emerged as a concern for fetal anomalies. West Nile Virus has become widespread. Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases are more prevalent in areas previously inhospitable to these ticks.SummaryHealthcare providers must consider the possibility of mosquito- and tick-borne diseases in broader geographic areas and council patients traveling to endemic areas on precautions against these diseases. Treatment for suspected cases of serious tick-borne illnesses should not be delayed pending culture results.
Source: Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Plasmodium falciparum infection was significantly found in children in rural areas of Ghana with low socioeconomic status in this study. PMID: 31422995 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Hui Wang, Rani KanthanAbstractAmoebiasis, caused by the intestinal protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, though a relatively common parasitic disease in the tropical and subtropical regions, is uncommon in the developed countries. In these countries, as amoebic colitis shares similar clinical symptoms and endoscopic features with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), these cases can be easily unrecognized and misdiagnosed.In this case report, we discuss the case of an adult patient with invasive intestinal amoebiasis, who was initia...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Co-endemicity of loiasis and onchocerciasis is one of the key factors responsible for the occurrence of SAE following ivermectin treatment. Mobilization of resources necessary to the appropriate management of SAE and awareness of populations are essential to achieve onchocerciasis control in DRC. PMID: 31420005 [PubMed - in process]
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
by Shengzhang Dong, Seokyoung Kang, George Dimopoulos Zika virus (ZIKV), an emerging arbovirus belonging to the genus Flavivirus, is transmitted byAedes mosquitoes. ZIKV infection can cause microcephaly of newborn babies and Guillain –Barré syndrome in adults. Because no licensed vaccine or specific antiviral treatment is available for ZIKV infection, the most commonly used approach to control the spread of ZIKV is suppression of the mosquito vector population. A novel proposed strategy to block arthropod virus (arbovirus) tr ansmission is based on the chemical inhibition of virus infection in mosquitoes. How...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, MaF2 is a promising multi-antigen vaccine candidate against anthrax and plague that warrants further investigation.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
(Natural News) Patients who have Lyme disease might have an alternative to the ineffective antibiotic-based approach. Ozone therapy offers a more natural and effective way of alleviating the effects of the illness. Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the microbe Borrelia burgdorferi. It spreads to humans through the bites of blood-sucking tick species, such as the black-legged tick and...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
In the Solomon Islands, approximately 40 percent of the population of 550,000 could have active Trachoma. Credit: Catherine Wilson/IPS.By Ifeanyi NsoforABUJA, Aug 19 2019 (IPS) Recently, the World Health Organisation (WHO) launched global consultations for a new Roadmap on how to eliminate Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). The roadmap would help achieve universal health coverage by 2030, address health emergencies and promote healthier populations. This intervention is unprecedented because it could begin to reverse the neglect and inequities that the 17 main NTDs bring. Many NTDs are debilitating and red...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Global Headlines Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2019Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Jessica D.M. Valente, Anna C.B. Mongruel, Carolina A.L. Machado, Luciana Chiyo, Andre S. Leandro, André S. Britto, Thiago F. Martins, Ivan R. Barros-Filho, Alexander W. Biondo, João H. Perotta, Amanda N.S. Campos, Odilon Vidotto, Marcelo B. Labruna, Daniel M. Aguiar, Thállitha S.W.J. Vieira, Rafael F.C. VieiraAbstractTick-borne diseases (TBD) constitute an important group of illness affecting animals and humans worldwide. In Brazil, carthorses are frequently exposed to ticks and tick-borne pathogens, leading to i...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Public comments are still being accepted, but antibiotic treatment options for children are likely to be expanded to include the use of doxycycline.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Ticks (Insects) Antibiotics Lyme Disease Children and Childhood Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE: Vectorborne diseases are a large and growing public health problem in the United States, characterized by geographic specificity and frequent pathogen emergence and introduction. Differences in distribution and transmission dynamics of tickborne and mosquitoborne diseases are often rooted in biologic differences of the vectors. To effectively reduce transmission and respond to outbreaks will require major national improvement of surveillance, diagnostics, reporting, and vector control, as well as new tools, including vaccines. PMID: 29723166 [PubMed - in process]
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
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