Zoonosis: Update on Existing and Emerging Vector-Borne Illnesses in the USA
AbstractPurpose of reviewThis review describes mosquito- and tick-borne diseases found in the Western Hemisphere. It focuses on emerging diseases and recent geographic shifts in the presence of disease vectors.Recent FindingsMosquito and tick vectors have become more widespread as environmental conditions have become more favorable. Zika recently has emerged as a concern for fetal anomalies. West Nile Virus has become widespread. Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases are more prevalent in areas previously inhospitable to these ticks.SummaryHealthcare providers must consider the possibility of mosquito- and tick-borne diseases in broader geographic areas and council patients traveling to endemic areas on precautions against these diseases. Treatment for suspected cases of serious tick-borne illnesses should not be delayed pending culture results.
Publication date: Available online 13 July 2020Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): L.M. Weinmayr, D. Kanz, M. Eckenweiler, T. Bormann, D. Huzly, J. Bardutzky, A. Harloff
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2020Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Jeiczon Jaimes-Dueñez, Ángela Patricia Jiménez-Leaño, Maria Esteban-Mendoza, Lucas Andres Moreno-Salcedo, Omar Triana-Chávez, Omar Cantillo-Barraza
CONCLUSIONS: The sensitivity of additional chest CT is fairly high. However, a negative result does not exclude COVID-19. The positive predictive value is poor. Correlation of chest CT results with epidemiologic history and clinical presentation, along with real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, is needed for confirmation.
Daniela Steri Enrico Sanjust Pompia is a Citrus species belonging to Sardinian endemic biodiversity. Health benefits were attributed to its flavedo rind extracts and essential oils while the juice qualities have never been investigated. In this paper, the antioxidant, antimicrobial, and other biological properties of Pompia juice were studied. A combined LCMS/electrochemical/biological approach was used to clarify a still debated phylogeny of this species and to explain the role of its juice phenolic compounds. A closer phylogenetic relationship with lemon and citron, rather than oranges was suggested. Sensors-bas...
ConclusionsOur dipstick rapid test represents an inexpensive, standardized and simple diagnostic tool with an improved serodiagnostic performance due to multiplex detection. Each additional band on the test strip makes a false-positive result more unlikely, contributing to its reliability. Future prospective studies will seek to validate the gain in sensitivity and specificity of our multiplex rapid test approach in different melioidosis patient cohorts.
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2020Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Sharon Tirosh-Levy, Yuval Gottlieb, Monica L. Mazuz, Igor Savisky, Amir Steinman
Timm Harder Avian influenza virus (AIV) remains a huge challenge for poultry production with negative repercussions for micro- and macro-economy and public health in Bangladesh. High (HP) H5N1 and low pathogenicity (LP) H9N2 AIV are currently endemic in poultry, and both have been reported to infect humans sporadically. Multiple virus introductions of different clades of HPAIV H5N1, reassorted genotypes, and on-going diversification of LPAIV H9N2 create a highly volatile virological environment which potentially implicates increased virulence, adaptation to new host species, and subsequent zoonotic transmission. Allo...
We report patterns of failure in our patients of esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) treated with trimodal approach. This is a single-institution retrospective analysis of 46 patients of locally advanced ESCC (treated between 2013 and 2017) managed by trimodal treatment approach. Variables were summarized using descriptive statistics. Survival statistics were estimated using Kaplan-Meier method. With a median follow-up of about 28 months, we noted an overall recurrence rate of 37% (17/46), with most of the failures being distant, with or without locoregional recurrence (4 isolated distant and 6 combined distant an...
Publication date: September–October 2020Source: Reports of Practical Oncology &Radiotherapy, Volume 25, Issue 5Author(s): Eduardo Netto, Hugo Santos, Luís Carvalho, José Luis Capelo-Martínez, Miguel Rito, José Cabeçadas, Margarida Roldão
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE: Vectorborne diseases are a large and growing public health problem in the United States, characterized by geographic specificity and frequent pathogen emergence and introduction. Differences in distribution and transmission dynamics of tickborne and mosquitoborne diseases are often rooted in biologic differences of the vectors. To effectively reduce transmission and respond to outbreaks will require major national improvement of surveillance, diagnostics, reporting, and vector control, as well as new tools, including vaccines. PMID: 29723166 [PubMed - in process]