X-ray dynamical diffraction analogues of the integer   and fractional Talbot effects

The X-ray integer and fractional Talbot effect is studied under two-wave dynamical diffraction conditions in a perfect crystal, for the symmetrical Laue case of diffraction. The fractional dynamical diffraction Talbot effect is studied for the first time. A theory of the dynamical diffraction integer and fractional Talbot effect is given, introducing the dynamical diffraction comb function. An expression for the dynamical diffraction polarization-sensitive Talbot distance is established. At the rational multiple depths of the Talbot depth the wavefield amplitude for each dispersion branch is a coherent sum of the initial distributions, shifted by rational multiples of the object period and having its own phases. The simulated dynamical diffraction Talbot carpet for the Ronchi grating is presented.
Source: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Talbot effect X-ray dynamical diffraction crystals periodic object research papers Source Type: research

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