Cuban Public Health History: The 19th Century Board of Health in the City of Holgu ín.
CONCLUSIONS Although established in 1820, Holguín's Board of Health carried out preventive actions most actively from 1850 to 1865, with support from the Urban Health Police. Its gradual disappearance from the health policy arena beginning in the 1870s reflects its failure as an institution, in large part due to weak government support. KEYWORDS Board of Health, prevention, epidemics, Cuba. PMID: 31401639 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: The high frequency of multidrug-resistant ESBL-producing isolates should alert the regional health authorities to take measures to reduce the risk of outbreaks caused by these types of bacteria in the community. PMID: 31529852 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusion: Uganda successfully developed a national multi-hazard emergency preparedness and response plan using the preparedness logic model. The plan is now ready for implementation by the Uganda MoH and partners. PMID: 31526179 [PubMed - in process]
Currently, there are ongoing mumps outbreaks in 15 immigrant detention facilities in seven states.Morbidity &Mortality Weekly Report
An investigation of a recent outbreak of listeriosis suggested packaged leafy green salads as the source of the contamination.Emerging Infectious Diseases
The Philippines is preparing to vaccinate millions of children against polio to halt an outbreak of a disease it believed to have been eradicated two decades ago, a top official said on Friday.
CONCLUSIONS: Although ART scale-up was temporally associated with a decline in TB notification rates, the achieved rates of decline are below those required to achieve the End TB Targets. Additional investments in tuberculosis control should include efforts to promote earlier care seeking and ART initiation among HIV-positive persons. PMID: 31529618 [PubMed - in process]
Honduras is battling an especially deadly outbreak of dengue fever, with at least 135 people dead from dengue there this year, nearly two-thirds of them children
Conclusion: Poisson regression with robust standard errors proved to be a decisive and consistent method to estimate risk associated with a single source in an outbreak when the cohort data collection design was used. PMID: 31528132 [PubMed]
U.S. health officials said on Thursday there are now 530 confirmed and probable cases and seven deaths from severe lung-related illnesses tied to vaping, and there are no signs that the outbreak is easing.
The health of people with low incomes historically has been a driver of public health advances in the United States. For example, in New York City, cholera deaths during outbreaks in 1832 and 1854 concentrated among the poor helped push forward the Metropolitan Health Law, which allowed for regulation of sanitary conditions in the city. The law was an exemplar for other municipalities across the United States, saving countless lives during subsequent cholera epidemics as well as from typhus, dysentery, and smallpox.