Interconnection between circadian clocks and thyroid function

Nature Reviews Endocrinology, Published online: 12 August 2019; doi:10.1038/s41574-019-0237-zDaily TSH secretion profiles are disrupted in some patients with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Here, the authors discuss the interconnection between circadian clocks and thyroid function and highlight the possible link between thyroid cancer and disrupted circadian machinery
Source: Nature Reviews Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research

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Objective: To investigate the prevalence of thyroid diseases in patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) and to explore the correlation between the two diseases.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the history of thyroid disease in 585 patients with oral lichen planus diagnosed in the Department of Oral Mucosal Diseases of the Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, School of Medicine from June 2017 to April 2018 and in 10,441 normal people in an epidemiological survey conducted by endocrinology department of Ninth People's Hospitalin eastern China from 2014 to 2015. Personal medical h...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Compared to women with no history of thyroid disorder, hypothyroidism was associated with a lower risk of breast cancer. This was mainly seen among those who received thyroid replacement therapy and had never used menopausal hormone therapy. Among the treatment options for hypothyroidism, levothyroxine had the strongest inverse association with breast cancer risk. PMID: 31918623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research
AbstractAs endocrinological parameters such as thyroid hormones modulate proliferative, metabolic, and angiogenic pathways, it is surmised that their levels can be associated with cancer development and progression. Most patients with gastroesophageal cancer are diagnosed very late and have a poor prognosis, yet the association with endocrinological parameters has not been addressed so far. The aim of this study was to correlate hormones with the outcome, so new prognostic and potentially therapeutic markers can be defined. We analyzed clinical and endocrinological parameters including history of thyroid disorders and labo...
Source: Hormones and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our data suggest that thyroid hormones influence angiogenic signaling in MSCs via integrin αvβ3 and further substantiate the anti-angiogenic activity of Tetrac in the tumor microenvironment. PMID: 31816265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research
Authors: Gabora K, Piciu A, Bădulescu IC, Larg MI, Stoian IA, Piciu D Abstract Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) are gaining more ground in oncology, they are widely used in the treatment of multiple types of cancers; still important side effects limit their efficacy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the existing medical literature on TKI induced thyroid dysfunction, to assess the adverse effects of targeted therapy on thyroid function in oncological patients and to evaluate the effects of thyroid dysfunction on disease prognosis. We included in this review 22 original studies published between 2010 and 2019. W...
Source: Drug Metabolism Reviews - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Metab Rev Source Type: research
This study was conducted to evaluate the levels of trace metals Fe, Cr, Co, Cd, Cu, Ni, Hg, Zn, and Pb in healthy individuals and patients with thyroid disease (hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and cancerous). The serum levels of 110 participants living in Birjand City, east of Iran, were collected and analyzed using ICP-MS (Agilent 7900). Results showed that the concentration levels of Cr, Co, Zn, Cd, and Pb were significantly higher at case-patients (p 0.05). In patients with high or low thyroid activity, strong mutual correlations between Cr, Ni, and Fe were noticeable (p
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
Conclusion: The proposed newly devised hypothyroid scale correctly identified subjects with TSH elevation and clinical/subclinical hypothyroidism based on their clinical signs and symptoms. In this particular subset of patients, the hypothyroid symptom scale showed a statistically significant improvement in the sum of the signs and symptoms with the normalization of the subjects' thyroid function.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
uesta A, Santos-Ocaña C, Hmadcha A, Soria B, Martín F, Gauthier BR, Martin-Montalvo A Abstract An inverse correlation between thyroid hormone levels and longevity has been reported in several species and reduced thyroid hormone levels have been proposed as a biomarker for healthy aging and metabolic fitness. However, hypothyroidism is a medical condition associated with compromised health and reduced life expectancy. Herein, we show, using wild-type and the Pax8 ablated model of hypothyroidism in mice, that hyperthyroidism and severe hypothyroidism are associated with an overall unhealthy status and ...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Thyroid disorders and eye diseases are interrelated through several mechanisms thus, awareness of this relation is of a great impact on early diagnosis and treatment. PMID: 31237221 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
ConclusionNivolumab-induced thyroid dysfunctions in advanced NSCLC were mostly mild and controlled. Thyroid function needs to be monitored for early prediction and appropriate managements of thyroid dysfunctions.
Source: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
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