Supermarkets Near Home, Fast-Food Along Commute Tied to Obesity Supermarkets Near Home, Fast-Food Along Commute Tied to Obesity

People with more supermarkets and grocery stores close to home and workers who pass more fast food restaurants on their commute have higher odds of being overweight or obese, a U.S. study suggests.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Oh Yoen Kim, Ji Yeon Chung, Juhyun SongAbstractObesity is a globally widespread metabolic disorder, characterized by immoderate fat accumulation in the body. There are different types of body fats such as white adipose tissue (WAT), which stores surplus energy in the body, and brown adipose tissue (BAT) which utilize energy to produce heat during metabolism. BAT acts many beneficial functions in metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes and obesity. Recent studies have investigated methods for promoting the fat browning process ...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Kim MK, Ko SH, Kim BY, Kang ES, Noh J, Kim SK, Park SO, Hur KY, Chon S, Moon MK, Kim NH, Kim SY, Rhee SY, Lee KW, Kim JH, Rhee EJ, Chun S, Yu SH, Kim DJ, Kwon HS, Park KS, Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines, Korean Diabetes Association Abstract The Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines of the Korean Diabetes Association revised and updated the 6th Clinical Practice Guidelines in 2019. Targets of glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were updated. The obese and overweight population is increasing steadily in Korea, and half of the Koreans with diabetes are...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Conclusion: Obesity prevalence of our T1D cohort is similar to healthy population in the same ages. Prevalence of MetS is higher in children and adolescents with T1D compared to the obese population in our country. Our study suggests that IDF criteria are more suitable for the diagnosis of MetS in children and adolescents with T1D. PMID: 31434460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol Source Type: research
AbstractAfrican Americans and ethnic minorities experience racial discrimination in a variety of settings. Racial discrimination is a potent stressor that has been linked to psychosocial stress and poor physical health. To cope with discriminatory experiences and daily life event stressors, African Americans frequently use the concept of John Henryism (a high effort coping strategy with prolonged exposure to stress). This cross-sectional analysis explored the relationship between racism/discrimination, John Henryism, and health problems in a predominately African American sample. Data were collected through health care scr...
Source: Journal of Community Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Neck and back pain caused by intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is a frequent cause of referral to spine surgeons. This is a multifactorial disease process caused by aging, injury, obesity, and mechanical stress. Recently, an association between IVD degeneration and diabetes has been identified, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship are unclear. Furthermore, the effects of insulin levels on cytokines known to be elevated in diabetics have not previously been delineated. Uncontrolled diabetes results in chronic systemic inflammation with increased circulating levels of IL-6 and IL-18.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify demographic and clinical predictors of response to Tele-CBT among 79 patients who received Tele-CBT in 3 previous studies. Listwise deletion was applied, after which 58 patients were included in a multivariate linear regression adjusted for age, sex and education status, to evaluate patient rurality index (urban or nonurban), and baseline binge eating, emotional eating and depression symptoms, as predictors of tele-CBT response.ResultsThe predictors explained 31% of the observed variance [R2=0.312, F(4,57)=3.238, p
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
New research challenges the prevalent belief that it is glucose that drives chronic inflammation in obesity and obesity-related type 2 diabetes.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes Type 2 Source Type: news
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated anti-diabetic activities of a phenolic-rich extract from Hypericum attenuatum Choisy (HA-PRE). In vivo, 4-week treatment of HA-PRE improved hyperglycemia, obesity, glucose tolerance, and hyperinsulinism. Western blot analysis revealed that HA-PRE increased AMPKα and Akt phosphorylation in skeletal muscle, liver and white adipose tissue (WAT); increased GSK3β phosphorylation in skeletal muscle and liver; and enhanced GLUT4 expression in WAT and skeletal muscle. HA-PRE reduced PPARγ expression, increased PPARα expression, and enhanced ACC phosphorylation in liver and WAT....
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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