Diabetes Linked to Increased Risk of Gastric Cancer After H. Pylori Eradication Diabetes Linked to Increased Risk of Gastric Cancer After H. Pylori Eradication

Diabetes appears to increase the risk of gastric cancer after Helicobacter pylori eradication, especially in patients with suboptimal glycemic control, according to a database study.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news

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Authors: Zizzi CF, Pellicano R, Biancone L Abstract A number of studies has confirmed that the epidemiology of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is changing worldwide, with a decrease especially in developed Countries. Nevertheless, since this Gram-negative bacterium infects almost 50% of the world's population, it remains a global problem. Beyond its role in the pathogenesis of the main gastroduodenal diseases, including gastritis, peptic ulcer and gastric cancer, H. pylori has been suspected to be involved in several extra-gastroduodenal disorders. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) present gastric mucosal ...
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research
Authors: Moumin FA, Mohamed AA, Osman AA, Cai J Abstract Gastric xanthelasma (GX) is a rare tumor-like lesion customarily found as an incidental finding due to its asymptomatic appearance. Grossly, it is a well-marked yellow-white plaque created in the lamina propria by microscopic clusters of foamy macrophages. Xanthelasma is rarely correlated with gastric hyperplastic polyps; gastric xanthomas are rare benign lesions that appear to be associated with inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Etiopathogenesis is also unclear, but it has been suggested to be involved in chronic gastritis, infection with Helicobacter pylo...
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
;llertz A Abstract The release and absorption profile of an oral medication is influenced by the physicochemical properties of the drug and its formulation, as well as by the anatomy and physiology of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. During drug development the bioavailability of a new drug is typically assessed in early clinical studies in a healthy adult population. However, many disease conditions are associated with an alteration of the anatomy and/or physiology of the GI tract. The same holds true for some subpopulations, such as paediatric or elderly patients, or populations with different ethnicity. The var...
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharm Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Annibale B, Esposito G, Lahner E Abstract SUMMARYIntroduction: Atrophic gastritis (AG) is a complex syndrome which arise as consequence of H. pylori infection or in the context of gastric autoimmunity. It often deserves a benign course, but may lead to potentially life-threatening complications: cancer and anaemia. This review aims to address traditional and innovative knowledge on this often under-diagnosed disorder.Areas covered: This review covers clinical presentation, risk factors, diagnosis and management of AG and provides an updated resource for clinicians to get insight in this challenging disorde...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Background: Insulin resistance, the primary mechanism of metabolic syndrome, promotes gastric carcinogenesis. Metabolic syndrome is associated with sarcopenia. We aimed to investigate the association between sarcopenia and gastric carcinogenesis, including precancerous conditions such as atrophic gastritis (AG), intestinal metaplasia (IM), and dysplasia.Methods: The study included adult patients who underwent gastroduodenoscopy at a checkup center. AG and IM were evaluated using endoscopy. Based on muscle mass, sarcopenia was defined as a skeletal muscle index
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractHelicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is a common disease that can cause chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. Nevertheless, due to its ability to elicit a systemic inflammatory response, it has also been related to several extra-gastric manifestations including endocrine disorders, such as autoimmune thyroid diseases, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and obesity.H. pylori infection has also been linked to osteoporosis, although currently available data are equivocal. This brief review will focus on the possible association betweenH. pylori infection and osteoporosis, a silent disease characteri...
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- Type 2 diabetes mellitus increases the risk for gastric cancer after treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection, according to a study published online July 11 in Diabetes Care. Ka Shing Cheung, M.B.B.S., M.P.H., from The...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Conclusions In conclusion, articles in this Research Topic made a very significant contribution to our understanding of the role played by environmental factors, dysbiotic conditions, and infections in triggering diseases. Since this is a rapidly expanding area of research, many other factors contributing to the onset of these diseases are not covered here. We are confident, however, that further studies will expand the list as well as bring a better understanding of mechanisms involved in the onset of autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases. Author Contributions All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and i...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionWhen confounders were taken into account, there appeared no significant associations between the BMI of patients with specific benign or pre-malignant histopathology compared with the BMI of the rest of the patients with abnormal histopathologies and compared to the BMI of patients with normal histopathologies of their gastric specimens. There was a very weak correlation between BMI and other covariates.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Discussion There are numerous microbial communities inhabited in the human body, which is critical to human health. The relationship between human microbiome and diseases received much attention from both medical and bioinformatics community recently. However, traditional methods to detect their association is costly and labor-intensive. Thus, we proposed here a new computational model called NBLPIHMDA to infer potential microbe-disease associations. NBLPIHMDA first combined known microbe-disease associations in HMDAD and the Gaussian interaction profile kernel similarity to construct disease similarity network and microb...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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