Oral Health, Disability and Physical Function: Results From Studies of Older People in the United Kingdom and United States of America

Studies examining the associations between oral health and disability have limited oral health measures. We investigated the association of a range of objectively and subjectively assessed oral health markers with disability and physical function in older age.
Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThese results demonstrate the practical utility of HSI for the real-time detection of cerebral ischemia in rats. By providing rapid assessment of brain tissue perfusion, HSI may help doctors recognize ischemic regions quickly and precisely during surgery as well as have great utility in the experimental process.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Methods - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Journal of Structural BiologyAuthor(s): Salomé Llabrés, Maxim I Tsenkov, Stuart A MacGowan, Geoffrey J Barton, Ulrich ZachariaeAbstractTetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) proteins belong to the class of α-solenoid proteins, in which repetitive units of α-helical hairpin motifs stack to form superhelical, often highly flexible structures. TPR domains occur in a wide variety of proteins, and perform key functional roles including protein folding, protein trafficking, cell cycle control and post-translational modification. Here, we look at the TPR ...
Source: Journal of Structural Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Kogan S, Ospina LH, Mittal VA, Kimhy D Abstract Neurocognitive difficulties are highly prevalent among people with schizophrenia and have been linked to increased inflammation, as well as dysfunction and disability. Poor neurocognitive functioning has also been documented in individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR) and a burgeoning literature point to alterations in inflammation markers in this population. However, there is limited information regarding the putative link between inflammation and neurocognition in CHR individuals, and the potential role of inflammation in the development of cog...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
Objective Slow walking speed paired with increased energy cost is a strong predictor for mortality and disability in older adults but has yet to be examined in a heterogeneous sample (ie, age, sex, disease status). The aim of this study was to examine energy cost of slow and normal walking speeds among low- and normal-functioning adults. Design Adults aged 20–90 yrs were recruited for this study. Participants completed a 10-m functional walk test at a self-selected normal walking speed and were categorized as low functioning or normal functioning based on expected age- and sex-adjusted average gait speed. Partic...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
Introduction Ozone has been recently used as a safe alternative treatment in musculoskeletal disorders with fewer adverse effects than corticosteroids. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of a single injection of ozone with that of a corticosteroid in the treatment of shoulder impingement. Design Thirty patients with shoulder pain and clinical signs and symptoms of impingement were randomly assigned into two groups: ultrasound-guided injection with ozone or corticosteroid. Patients’ symptoms were evaluated by visual analog scale, constant score, shoulder pain and disability scale, shoulder range of...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
Despite the fact that one fifth of Americans live with disability, caring for these patients is not routinely part of the undergraduate medical student curriculum. An innovative session addressing care of patients with spinal cord injury was developed for medical students and led by physiatrists, faculty experts in communications, and individuals with spinal cord injury. A mixed-method design was used in evaluating students' knowledge, skills, and attitudes following this curriculum. Quantitative evaluation was performed with a written essay question and checklist items from an objective structured clinical examination sta...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Education & Administration Source Type: research
Bone stress injury is a common overuse injury in athletes. Risk factors for bone stress injury in athletes include the female athlete triad (triad); this has not been evaluated in para athletes. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors, prevalence, and anatomical distribution of bone stress injury in para athletes. A cross-sectional online survey on health characteristics and previous fractures including bone stress injury was completed by para athletes training for the 2016 or 2018 Paralympic Games. Two hundred sixty para athletes completed the survey (659 invited, response rate = 40%). Half reported previous fr...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
Authors: Pincus T, Castrejon I, Yazici Y, Gibson KA, Bergman MJ, Block JA Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) may be associated with substantial work disability, morbidity, costs, and increased mortality rates, often similar to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), documented in many published reports over the last 4 decades. However, OA generally has been viewed as less severe than RA. This discrepancy may be explained in part by:a) RA may have been considerably more severe in the past, prior to effective therapies.b) most older individuals have radiographic joint damage, which often is not associated with clinical symptoms.c) RA i...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Oo WM, Hunter DJ Abstract A disease-modifying osteoarthritis drug (DMOAD) is a drug that modifies the underlying OA pathophysiology and potentially inhibits the structural damage to prevent or reduce long-term disability with potential symptomatic relief. The focus of this narrative review is on describing the state of the field for disease-modifying pharmacologic agents that are in late-stage development-specifically phase 2/3. PMID: 31621568 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Cleveland RJ, Nelson AE, Callahan LF Abstract Rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) are common, with osteoarthritis (OA) being the most prevalent. RMDs, including OA, are associated with significant pain and functional limitations, as well as mortality rates up to 1.6-fold higher than in the general population. Most studies of OA and mortality have focused on knee and hip OA. Some, but not all, of these studies suggest an increased risk of death, however risks may differ by region. Reasons for discordant findings may be due to methodological considerations including definition of OA, study design, ...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
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