Study finds that a dog's sense of smell is so keen it can smell when a seizure is about to begin

(Natural News) Dogs have proven time and again that they are man’s best friend. According to a unique study, there’s one more reason to love your four-legged friends: well-trained dogs can sniff out a scent associated with epileptic seizures. The study was published in the journal Scientific Reports and conducted by researchers from the University of Rennes in...
Source: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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This study will evaluate the health care costs and utilization of individuals during their first year of enrollment in HOME and identify factors associated with higher cost and utilization. Secondary analysis of claims data were used to identify cost and utilization. Generalized linear regression and negative binomial regression were used to calculate utilization and cost. The mean total cost of care during the initial year of enrollment (n=239) per individual was $11,095.87, with $4,640.83 attributed to inpatient care. Those with diabetes (p=0.01), epilepsy (p=0.02), or mood disorders (p=0.03) were more likely to be admit...
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 55Author(s): Md Shafiqul Islam, Ahmad M. El-Hajj, Hussein Alawieh, Zaher Dawy, Nabil Abbas, Jamil El-ImadAbstractMobile monitoring of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals is prone to different sources of artifacts. Most importantly, motion-related artifacts present a major challenge hindering the clean acquisition of EEG data as they spread all over the scalp and across all frequency bands. This leads to additional complexity in the development of neurologically-oriented mobile health solutions. Among the top five most common neurological ...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Condition:   Epilepsies, Focal Intervention:   Sponsors:   King's College London;   King's College Hospital NHS Trust Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Epilepsy Intervention:   Other: Ketogenic diet Sponsors:   Oslo University Hospital;   Norwegian University of Life Sciences;   University of Oslo;   Lund University Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ntilde;as R Abstract The pentapeptides methionine-enkephalin and leucine-enkephalin belong to the opioid family of peptides, and the non-opiate peptide adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) to the melanocortin peptide family. Enkephalins/ACTH are derived from pro-enkephalin, pro-dynorphin or pro-opiomelanocortin precursors and, via opioid and melanocortin receptors, are responsible for many biological activities. Enkephalins exhibit the highest affinity for the δ receptor, followed by the μ and κ receptors, whereas ACTH binds to the five subtypes of melanocortin receptor, and is the only member of the ...
Source: Vitamins and Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Vitam Horm Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: SeizureAuthor(s): Syed Muhammad Usman, Shehzad Khalid, Rizwan Akhtar, Zuner Bortolotto, Zafar Bashir, Haiyang QiuAbstractPatients suffering from epileptic seizures are usually treated with medication and/or surgical procedures. However, in more than 30% of cases, medication or surgery does not effectively control seizure activity. A method that predicts the onset of a seizure before it occurs may prove useful as patients might be alerted to make themselves safe or seizures could be prevented with therapeutic interventions just before they occur. Abnormal neuronal act...
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We present an adapted value-based decision-making model to guide patients and help clinicians navigate the tradition of resective epilepsy surgery in eloquent cortex in the nascent age of RNS.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The expression of the transmembrane protein 25 gene (Tmem25) is strongly influenced by glutamate ionotropic receptor kainate type subunit 4, and its function remains unknown. Here, we showed that TMEM25 was primarily localized to late endosomes in neurons. Electrophysiological experiments suggested that the effects of TMEM25 on neuronal excitability were likely mediated by N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors. TMEM25 affected the expression of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor NR2B subunit and interacted with NR2B, and both were colocalized to late endosome compartments. TMEM25 induced acidification changes in lysosome compartme...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Children with epilepsy frequently experience breakthrough seizures at home, in school, or in the community that are prolonged or in clusters. Although all patients with epilepsy warrant a systematic, evidence-based, drug rescue plan for breakthroughs outside the hospital, do pediatric epileptologists prescribe in a consistent approach? In this volume of The Journal Wallace et al present results from 36 experts from the Pediatric Epilepsy Consortium queried about which medications they prescribe for breakthroughs in various situations for developmentally delayed or developmentally typical children of various ages.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research
We describe a boy with an SLC6A1 mutation and a milder phenotype, characterized by a learning disorder without intellectual disability, nonspecific dysmorphisms, and an electroencephalogram picture closely resembling that of myoclonic-atonic epilepsy with brief absence seizures that have appeared during the follow-up, responsive to valproic acid.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research
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