Perinatal maternal mental health and infant socio-emotional development: A growth curve analysis using the MPEWS cohort

Publication date: November 2019Source: Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 57Author(s): Elisa Porter, Andrew J. Lewis, Stuart J. Watson, Megan GalballyAbstractPregnancy and the early post partum period are widely understood as a critical period for the infant’s emotional development and the earliest influence shaping social interaction. The present study aims to understand the potential influence of both antenatal and postnatal maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms on socio-emotional outcomes in offspring aged 12 months. The study used longitudinal data from a prospective cohort study on Australian pregnant women and their children. Data were available for 282 mothers and their children. Maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms were measured in early pregnancy, trimester three of pregnancy, six and 12 months postpartum. Social and emotional development in children was measured using the Brief Infant and Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) at 12 months. Using growth curve analysis of 4 waves of repeated measurement to examine intercept and slope, we found that both initial maternal depression and anxiety symptom levels, and the growth of these symptoms over time, predicted more problems with children’s social and emotional development. In the final model anxiety accounted for 19% of the variance in child socio-emotional problems and depression 23% of variance. The results emphasise the importance of perinatal maternal mental health as a potential ri...
Source: Infant Behavior and Development - Category: Child Development Source Type: research

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Astudy inAJP in Advance provides further evidence that the detrimental effects of adverse life experiences can carry across generations. Researchers found that children of mothers who experienced stressful events during childhood had greater biological signs of stress and were more likely to have behavioral problems at 18 months.“[O]ur data, when combined with findings from other studies, confirm maternal life-course experiences as a potent predictor of offspring mental and physical well-being,” wrote Kyle Esteves, M.P.H., of Tulane University School of Medicine and colleagues. “Our results suggest that s...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ajp in advance anxiety depression early life adversity externalizing problems generational effects internalizing problems Kyle Esteves mental health pregnant women telomeres Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 September 2019Source: Reproductive BioMedicine OnlineAuthor(s): Jingwen Lang, Bingqian Zhang, Yueru Meng, Yanzhi Du, Linlin Cui, Weiping LiABSTRACTResearch QuestionAre maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) before and during pregnancy associated with in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes?DesignA total of 5556 women with their first IVF cycle started between August 15th, 2014, and December 31st, 2015 were pooled from a prospective cohort of assisted reproductive technology (ART) children. The self-rating depression scale (SDS) and self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) were used to d...
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Though absolute numbers were modest, severe maternal morbidity was associated with increased risk of severe postpartum psychiatric morbidity and substance use disorder. The highest period of risk extended to 4 months after hospital discharge. PMID: 31503165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
This study investigated potential associations between exposure to prenatal stress and personality disorder in offspring. METHOD: In a subsample (N = 3626) of a large Finnish birth cohort, we used logistic regression models to examine associations between self-reported maternal stress during pregnancy, collected monthly during antenatal clinic appointments, and personality disorder in offspring. Familial and outcome information were obtained by linking data from the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register and the Finnish Population Register. RESULTS: Compared with those unexposed, children exposed to any maternal stres...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: Physical activity can be an essential factor in the prevention of depressive disorders of women in the postnatal period. PMID: 31480778 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Conclusions: Findings suggest marked consistency in maternal psychological orientation across subsequent pregnancies, though parity also plays a role in the maternal experience. PMID: 31466499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
In Reply Although we agree with Wisner and Yonkers that our findings can potentially be explained by residual confounding by indication, we have performed several additional sensitivity analyses to validate our results. First, the impact of the diseases for which benzodiazepines are prescribed was addressed in the main analysis where statistical adjustments were made for the diagnoses of the 2 main indications (mood and anxiety disorders and insomnia) and documented proxies of these diseases (concomitant exposure to antidepressants and/or antipsychotics, psychiatrist visits, comorbidities, and emergency department visits a...
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion: The results suggest early routine screening for anxiety and depressive symptoms amongst the Chinese pregnant women with a history of recurrent miscarriage. Health-care professionals should give more effort to enhance these women's social support to decrease their anxiety and depressive symptoms. PMID: 31411054 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: J Reprod Infant Psychol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Women with increased antenatal levels of anxiety or depression symptoms are at increased risk of elevated levels of both postpartum depression and anxiety symptoms. Experiencing life events during pregnancy that were not related to the pregnancy was associated with higher levels of anxiety and depression in the postpartum period, as opposed to pregnancy-related events, delivery complications, or unfavorable obstetric outcomes. These results suggest that events during pregnancy but not related to the pregnancy and birth are a highly important predictor for postpartum mental health.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study sought to compare the pregnancy and postpartum self-reported mood and mental health status of women who conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) with those of women who conceived spontaneously. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 1176 pregnant women from prenatal clinics in the Ontario Birth Study were enrolled. In the pregnancy and the postpartum period, women who conceived with ART, including in vitro fertilization and intrauterine insemination, were compared with women who conceived spontaneously regarding depression and anxiety at 12-16 weeks and 24-28 weeks gestation and 6-10 weeks p...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
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