Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Review of the Literature and Case Report

Source: Journal of Dentistry for Children - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Literature Review Source Type: research

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Study Design. Retrospective review. Objective. To identify the incidence and analyze the risk of postoperative complications amongst elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing anterior cervical fusion. Summary of Background Data. Previous studies have reported elevated risks of postoperative complications for patients with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing orthopedic procedures. However, little is known about the risk of postoperative complications in rheumatoid arthritis patients after spine surgery. Methods. A commercially available database was queried for all Medicare patients 65 years of age and ol...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Surgery Source Type: research
What benefits might sarilumab monotherapy offer over adalimumab monotherapy in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis?Arthritis Research &Therapy
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Rheumatology Journal Article Source Type: news
Sinomenine alleviates dextran sulfate sodium‑induced colitis via the Nrf2/NQO‑1 signaling pathway. Mol Med Rep. 2018 Aug 10;: Authors: Zhou Y, Liu H, Song J, Cao L, Tang L, Qi C Abstract Sinomenine (SIN), a pure alkaloid isolated from Sinomenium acutum, has been widely used in arthritis for its anti‑inflammatory effect, but little is known about the effect of SIN on human ulcerative colitis (UC). In the present study, the effect and mechanism of SIN was examined in a dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)‑induced murine colitis model, which mimics human UC. Oral administration of SIN significantly suppre...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Salmon cartilage proteoglycan attenuates allergic responses in mouse model of papain‑induced respiratory inflammation. Mol Med Rep. 2018 Aug 08;: Authors: Ono HK, Yoshimura S, Hirose S, Narita K, Tsuboi M, Asano K, Nakane A Abstract Proteoglycan (PG) is a complex glycohydrate, which is widely distributed in the extracellular matrix. It has been reported that daily oral administration of PG (extracted from salmon nasal cartilage) modulates the severity of proinflammatory cytokine responses in mouse experimental colitis, autoimmune encephalomyelitis, collagen‑induced arthritis and obesity‑induced i...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
AbstractPsoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory arthritis that is estimated to affect approximately 30% of patients with psoriasis. Enthesitis and dactylitis, two hallmarks of PsA, are associated with radiographic peripheral/axial joint damage and severe disease. Clinical symptoms of enthesitis include tenderness, soreness, and pain at entheses on palpation, whereas dactylitis is recognized by swelling of an entire digit that is different from adjacent digits. Both ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging can be used to diagnose enthesitis and dactylitis, especially in patients in whom symptoms may be difficult to di...
Source: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
New research shows tanezumab may be safe and effective for patients with osteoarthritis pain...
Source: The Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: DMARDs & Immunosuppressives Drug Updates filgotinib hip knee Knee Osteoarthritis (OA) Pain psoriatic arthritis tanezumab Source Type: research
NEW YORK (Reuters Health)—Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors do not appear to increase cancer-recurrence rates in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to new findings from Sweden. TNF has both tumor-promoting and cancer-protective effects, so TNF inhibitors could conceivably affect the risk for cancer recurrence. However, few studies have reported the risk for cancer relapse... [Read More]
Source: The Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Conditions Rheumatoid Arthritis Cancer Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) TNF inhibitors Source Type: research
Conclusions: In this study, 13.1% of patients with radiographically obvious knee OA obtained an MRI prior to referral for TKA. Non-physicians and non-academic physicians were more likely to order MRI scans. Improved education for referring providers may be necessary to decrease overuse of MRI in the diagnosis of moderate to severe arthritis. Level of Evidence: Level II. PMID: 30104922 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Iowa orthopaedic journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Iowa Orthop J Source Type: research
Authors: Carender CN, Akoh CC, Kowalski HR Abstract Mycobacterium tuberculosis monoarthritis is a rare form of TB, occurring in 1-2% of cases in the United States. Delays in definitive diagnosis and subsequent treatment are common. While case reports of tuberculous arthritis have been presented in international literature, there is a relative paucity of literature from within the United States. Given the difficulty in diagnosis and adverse outcomes of delayed diagnosis, we present the case of an 11-year-old otherwise healthy male with isolated monoarticular TB septic arthritis of the right knee. A discussion, inclu...
Source: Iowa orthopaedic journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Iowa Orthop J Source Type: research
Condition:   Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Vectra DA Sponsor:   Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc. Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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