Intradural extramedullary spinal masses treated at the Wits teaching hospitals between 2014 - 2017.
CONCLUSION: IDEM tumours are an important subset of spinal cord compressive lesions Presentation with severe neurological deficit is common and though resection is feasible neurological deficit remains in the vast majority. Earlier detection should improve the results of surgery. PMID: 31392870 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusion: Two holocervical cord intramedullary ependymomas were safely and effectively surgically resected without incurring significant perioperative morbidity. PMID: 31819817 [PubMed]
ConclusionPLM may be considered a reliable surgical method for IMSCT, as it combines a satisfactory EOR with reduced risk of tissue damage and excellent pain relief.
Rationale: Ependymomas are neuroepithelial tumors that typically occur in the central nervous system. Ependymomas arising in the mediastinum are exceedingly rare, with only approximately 9 isolated cases reported in the literature to date. Patient concerns: A 35-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with complaints of progressive back pain for 3 months. Physical examination revealed decreased breathing sounds and tenderness. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a soft tissue mass with heterogeneous enhancement in the right posterior mediastinum. Diagnoses: The diagnosis of primary mediastinal ependymo...
We present a case of a 46-year-old woman with lower back pain radiating to the right gluteal and posterior femoral regions, without a history of traumatic injury. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the thoracic and lumbar spine showed an intradural, extramedullary, well-circumscribed, contrast-enhancing lesion located in the T12–L1 region, hypo- to isointense on T2-weighted imaging, and isointense on T1. Complete surgical removal of the lesion, measuring 3 × 2.5 × 1 cm, was performed. The histopathologic findings revealed the lesion was an ectopic adrenal cortical adenoma, wit...
- CLINICAL PRESENTATION&FINDINGS 57 yr male with h/o low back pain with no h/o trauma presents for MRI lumbar spine which shows – Large relatively well defined , regular, intradural, subtly&heterogeneously enhancing SOL, seen from lower L3 border to middle of body of L5 with compression of cauda equina fibers, displaying mostly soft tissue signals on all sequences / normal meningeal enhancement, with no significant hemorrhage / fat / cystic / necrosis/ MR demonstrable calcification components / sugarcoating / scalloping or enlargement of the posterior neural el...
Conclusions: Neuraxial anesthesia can be performed safely in patients who have previously undergone lumbar resections of intradural ependymomas. However, the anesthesiologist should place the epidural needle/catheter at a nonoperative level (e.g. above/below). Furthermore, epidural local anesthetics and opioids, as in this case, placed at the L5-S1 level below an L1-L3 prior surgical scar, may diffuse intradurally, bypassing the obliterated surgical epidural space and/or attendant scar tissue. PMID: 30488009 [PubMed]
In this report, we present a 36-year-old woman who have been seen in another hospital with complaints of back pain radiating into both legs 5 years ago. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations revealed a lesion releated to the spinal cord.
Conclusion: Paraganglioma is a very rare malignant tumor. This tumor should be distinguished from ependymoma, meningioma and hemangioblastoma, to avoid misdiagnosis, and missed diagnosis.
We present the case of a woman who developed severe nightly thoracic pain during pregnancy without neurological deficits upon examination. Spontaneously after childbirth, the pain was markedly reduced. Further investigation showed that her pain was caused by an ependymoma in the cervicothoracic spinal cord. Gross total resection was accomplished, and the patient has been free of pain ever since. With this case, we want to draw attention to a rare, but possibly very disabling, cause of increasing nightly thoracic pain during pregnancy. Spontaneous improvement after childbirth could erroneously cause postponement of further ...
CONCLUSION: Spinal cord subependymoma should be considered when the tumor is located eccentrically and is not dissected easily from the spinal cord. Considering the rather indolent nature of spinal cord subependymomas, subtotal removal without the risk of neurological deficit is another option. PMID: 29526067 [PubMed]
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