The Ketogenic Diet and Its Effect on Bone Mineral Density: A Retrospective Observational Cohort Study

Conclusion Children on KDT have low normal BMD which may decrease further during KDT. For this reason monitoring of BMD is crucial, as is monitoring of kidney stones and hypercalciuria. Intravenous bisphosphonate therapy may have a positive effect, when other therapies have failed. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Neuropediatrics - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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In this study, we reported an electrochemical synthesis of graphene (Gr) functionalized with silver nanorods (Ag NRs) using 3D surfactant 4-sulphocalix [4] arene (SCX) and silver nitrate (AgNO3) from an aqueous solution. SCX is acted as a soft template to form Ag NRs along with the Gr sheets. UV-Vis (UV-Vis), Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopies have confirmed the formation of Gr with Ag NRs. In order to develop a selective electrochemical sensor for OA, Gr-Ag NRs nanocomposite coated glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was prepared and tested for OA oxidation. This new sensor (Gr-Ag NRs/GCE) exhibited hig...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the feasibility of using Materialise ’s interactive medical image control system (MIMICS) to measure urinary calculi volume. We used a cylinder measuring to measure the same polymer clay volume in different groups. Polymer clay was made into an oval shape, an antler type, and a multiple irregular shapes by hand. They are divided into three groups, that is, A, B, and C, each of which has seven polymer clays. The computer tomography (CT) 3D images of each sample were obtained by 256iCT scanning. The CT 3D image was imported into MIMICS to measure the theoretical volume and average...
Source: Urolithiasis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Urolithiasis;   Renal Colic;   Osteopenia Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: CT scan, 24 H urine collection Sponsor:   Ziv Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Led by a Yale professor, a team of researchers has engaged in a consensus process to determine when and how CT scans should be used to diagnose renal colic.
Source: Yale Science and Health News - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Renal colic is a common complaint that presents to the emergency department. It is estimated that 13% of men and 7% of women will develop a renal stone. There is a high probability of recurrence, with 50% within 5  years. Computed tomographic scan of the abdomen and pelvis without contrast and the ultrasound of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder are the common diagnostic imaging modalities used for diagnosis. Initial treatment includes analgesics and medical expulsive therapy. Most of the patients will pass t heir stone spontaneously within 3 days. The remaining 20% will require urologic intervention.
Source: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo investigate the accuracy of rapid kV-switching single-source dual-energy computed tomography (rsDECT) for prediction of classes of non-uric-acid stones.Materials and methodsNon-uric-acid renal stones retrieved via percutaneous nephrolithotomy were prospectively collected between January 2017 and February 2018 in a single institution. Only stones  ≥ 5 mm and with pure composition (i.e., ≥ 80% composed of one component) were included. Stone composition was determined using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. The stones were scanned in 32-cm-wide anthropomorphic wh...
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractTypically, the acquired renal ultrasound image includes a course of speckle noises. This paper primarily investigates an approach for the detection of renal calculi by processing those raw US images with the help of a meta-heuristic SVM classifier. One of the major downsides of involving Ultrasound images in medical analysis is the prevalence of Speckle Noises. An Adaptive Mean Median Filter approach has been introduced in the work to get rid of the speckle noises to the maximum extent ever in the literature. Segmentation is performed by employing conventional K-Means and GLCM features were extracted for classifica...
Source: Journal of Medical Systems - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
An artificial intelligence (AI) model was highly accurate for detecting urinary...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Emergency CT usage rate soars for urinary stones Low-energy scanning methods cut CT contrast dose Did Image Gently reduce CT use for kidney stones? Which modality works best for diagnosing kidney stones? AI gives one-stop shopping for urinary stone evaluation
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
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