Small Cell and Squamous Cell Carcinomas of the Head and Neck: Comparing Incidence and Survival Trends Based on Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Data.

CONCLUSION: Compared with SCCHN, SmCCHN carries a worse survival and is more likely to present with more advanced stage. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Small cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SmCCHN) is a rare subtype of head and neck cancer. In this Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data analysis, the characteristics and survival of SmCCHN are compared with those of the common squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Results show that SmCCHN carries a worse prognosis and tends to present at a more advanced stage; SmCCHN also is ten times more likely to originate from the salivary glands. These findings may have implications for clinical practice, as location of the tumor may strongly associate with the pathologic diagnosis. If a SmCCHN is diagnosed, a disseminated disease is likely; hence vigilance in staging procedures is indicated. PMID: 31391295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research

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AbstractWe performed a prospective trial to assess the clinical benefit of a tailored gene set built on a next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform in patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Archived tumor tissue obtained from patients with recurrent or metastatic HNSCC was analyzed for variants by a tailored Comprehensive Cancer Gene set of 40 genes (CCG-40) performed on a NGS platform. These data were provided to clinicians to inform treatment decisions. The primary endpoint was clinical benefit (disease control) that resulted from selection and administration of a targeted th...
Source: Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion.Compared with SCCHN, SmCCHN carries a worse survival and is more likely to present with more advanced stage.Implications for Practice.Small cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SmCCHN) is a rare subtype of head and neck cancer. In this Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data analysis, the characteristics and survival of SmCCHN are compared with those of the common squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Results show that SmCCHN carries a worse prognosis and tends to present at a more advanced stage; SmCCHN also is ten times more likely to originate from the salivary glands. These findings m...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Head and Neck Cancers Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this phase IIIb trial, nivolumab confirmed the safety and efficacy profile of the registration trial. Experiencing any grade TR AE revealed to be a favorable prognostic factor, as possible expression of effective immune response.Legal entity responsible for the studyGONO group.FundingBristol Myers-Squibb.DisclosureP. Bossi: Advisory / Consultancy: AstraZeneca; Advisory / Consultancy: BMS; Advisory / Consultancy: Angelini; Advisory / Consultancy: MSD; Advisory / Consultancy: Merck Serono; Advisory / Consultancy: Voluntis. M.C. Merlano: Honoraria (self), consultancy or A.B.: Bristol M.S.; Honoraria (self), cons...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: HART represents an attractive approach for patients with HNSCC where treatment intensification is indicated. PMID: 31519130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research
ConclusionTrismus and tumors located in the mouth and oropharynx were associated with poor swallowing function, exerting a negative impact on dysphagia-related quality of life.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
The objective of this review article is to discuss the current role of surgery as the primary treatment modality in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Recent findings HNSCC represents one of the cancer locations where the primary treatment modality is the most under discussion. Indeed, the respective roles of primary surgical resection followed, as necessary, by adjuvant radiotherapy or definitive chemoradiotherapy remain controversial. The results of organ preservation trials and the drastic rise in the incidence of human papillomavirus-induced oropharyngeal tumors, which are known to be highl...
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: HEAD AND NECK: Edited by Joël Guigay Source Type: research
ConclusionConsidering the low disease relapse rates and high rates of therapy-induced late side effects, as well as the increased risk of developing SC, a  prospective multicentric trial investigating de-escalation of radiotherapy in this clearly defined low-risk patient population was started and is still recruiting patients (DIREKHT-Trial, NCT02528955).
Source: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: We built the first competing risk nomogram for HNBSCC. The model performance was found to be good. This individualized prognostic predictive tool will aid physicians in clinical counseling, and will assist patients in planning for their future lives.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Authors: Tribius S, Würdemann N, Laban S, Sharma SJ, Wagner S, Hoffmann TK, Wittekindt C, Klussmann JP Abstract Rising incidence rates in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and a significantly improved prognosis have brought this entity into scientific focus. At this year's American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting, 291 studies with the keyword "HPV" were presented, the majority of which were in head and neck cancer. Due to high rates of late toxicities after conventional therapy, de-intensified treatment concepts are being ...
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We found relatively high rates of larynx cancer in Golestan province. Our results also showed higher rates of HNSCC in males and urban population. Considering common risk factors between HNSCCs and esophageal cancer, further studies are needed to clarify different aspects of HNSCCs (including epidemiology and risk factors) in this high-risk population. PMID: 30221531 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - Category: Middle East Health Authors: Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research
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