Hepatitis B and C prevalence and risk factors among young men presenting to the Brazilian Army: A STROBE-compliant national survey-based cross-sectional observational study

This article aims to present the hepatitis B (hepatitis B surface antigen - HBsAg) and C (anti-HCV) seroprevalence estimates and risk factors as per the 8th edition of the Conscript Survey performed in 2016. This cross-sectional study was conducted among conscripts across Brazil aged 17 to 22 years from August to December 2016. It included a self-reported questionnaire and blood testing for syphilis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and hepatitis B and C. In total 38,247 conscripts were enrolled; after applying exclusion criteria, 37,282 conscripts were included. The estimated HBsAg and anti-HCV prevalence rates were 0.22% and 0.28%, respectively. Higher HBsAg and anti-HCV prevalence rates were observed in the North Region (0.49%) and in the Central-west Region (0.65%), respectively. Regarding hepatitis B vaccination, 23.5% (n = 8412) of the individuals reported being unvaccinated and 47.4% (n = 16,970) did not know if they had been vaccinated. Among the anti-HCV positive conscripts, 53% (n = 51, 0.56%, P = .049) reported that they had never had sexual intercourse. Regarding self-reported STI status, most of the positive anti-HCV (n = 100, 0.29%, P 
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

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Authors: Tang Q, Zhang X, Lu H Abstract Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), gonorrhea and syphilis are the major sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the world, which are the focus of epidemic prevention and control in China. The epidemiological trend analysis of STDs in Shanghai could reflect the epidemic situation of these diseases in high-income areas of China, providing a reference for how to control their epidemic. Although the overall incidence rate of infectious diseases levelled off after 2009, Shanghai still faces many new obstacles in the fight ...
Source: BioScience Trends - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Biosci Trends Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the immunological changes in the levels of monocytes and Tregs and the associations between these cell types in HIV-1-infected MSM with syphilis. Methods Study Participants We enrolled 81 participants in this study. These individuals were assigned to four groups on the basis of serologic testing and HIV-1 results, namely, the rapid plasma reagin (RPR+) group, the CHI group, the CHI&RPR+ group, and the healthy control group. HIV-1 infection status was determined with the HIV-1/2 antigen/antibody combo enzyme immunoassay (Beijing Wantai Biological Medical Company, Beijing, China). Positive ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
The Conscripts Survey has been conducted periodically by the Brazilian Department of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), AIDS, and Viral Hepatitis (DIAHV) in collaboration with the Brazilian Ministry of Defense for over 2 decades. It aims to assess the syphilis prevalence and obtain data on knowledge regarding STIs and their risk factors among conscripts enlisted for the Brazilian Army. This cross-sectional study was conducted among conscripts across Brazil aged 17 to 22 years from August to December 2016. It included a self-reported questionnaire and blood testing for syphilis, HIV, and hepatitis B and C. In total 3...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Conclusion: The results indicated individual and programmatic vulnerabilities of the elderly to STIs. It is essential to suggest strategies that encourage women to negotiate safe sex prac tices as well as educating healthcare professionals on this subject.
Source: Acta Paulista de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study shows that the prevalence of HIV and other STIs in FSWs is high. Therefore, a combination of individual and structural interventions could reduce the risk of an STI “reservoir” among this population.
Source: Archives of Public Health - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research
We report a 41-year-old HIV male (on antiretroviral therapy for the past 6 years) admitted for a complaint of penile ulcer for 2 months. Serology for syphilis and hepatitis B were positive. Skin biopsy of the penile ulcer confirmed squamous cell carcinoma. Henceforth, the patient was referred to oncology department for further management. We present this rare combination of syphilis and hepatitis B with carcinoma penis in an HIV patient.
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions:: Differences between genders regarding HIV and STIs prevalence as well as risk factors for HIV infection and late HIV diagnosis were observed. PMID: 28562715 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Salud Publica de Mexico - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: Salud Publica Mex Source Type: research
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires most private health plans in the United States to cover four sets of recommended preventive services without copayments, deductibles, or other out-of-pocket costs. One of those four sets of services focused on women’s preventive care needs. It was called for under the law’s Women’s Health Amendment, developed by an Institute of Medicine panel, and officially incorporated by the federal government into health plans’ requirements in 2012. Taken as a whole, the ACA’s preventive services provision requires coverage of a wide array of sexual and reproductive h...
Source: Health Affairs Blog - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Costs and Spending Equity and Disparities Public Health Quality ACA contraceptive coverage HIV/AIDS sexually transmitted infections Women's Health Source Type: blogs
Arti Agrawal, Ankur Goyal, Sapna Goyal, Sunita Kumari, PK SinghIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2016 37(1):94-95
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
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