Variation of all-cause and cause-specific mortality with body mass index in one million Swedish parent-son pairs: An instrumental variable analysis
ConclusionsConsistent with previous large-scale meta-analyses and reviews, results supported the causal role of higher BMI in increasing the risk of several common causes of death, including cancers with increasing global incidence. We also found positive effects of BMI on mortality from respiratory disease, prostate cancer, and lung cancer, which has been inconsistently reported in the literature, suggesting that the causal role of higher BMI in mortality from these diseases may be underestimated. Furthermore, we expect different patterns of bias in the current observational and IV analyses; therefore, the similarities between our findings from both methods increases confidence in the results. These findings support efforts to understand the mechanisms underpinning these effects to inform targeted interventions and develop population-based strategies to reduce rising obesity levels for disease prevention.
Abstract: The US industrial revolution led to a significant increase in the amount of dietary sugar consumed annually. The impact has become a public health crisis over the past several decades. The consequences are seen in the dramatic rise in rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease.
The drug, Rybelsus (semaglutide) is the first pill in a class of drugs called glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) approved for use in the United States. Before Rybelsus, the drug had to be injected.
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Licheng Xue, Urs Maurer, Xuchu Weng, Jing ZhaoAbstractWhile skilled readers produce an increased and left-lateralized event-related-potential (ERP) component, known as N170, for strings of letters compared to strings of less familiar units, it remains unclear whether perceptual familiarity plays an important role in driving increased and left-lateralized N170 for print. The present study addressed this issue by examining N170 responses for regular Chinese characters and cursive Chinese characters which are visually less familiar regardin...
We describe a case of a 49-year-old, male, Caucasian, pharmaco-resistant patient with a recurrent major depressive disorder, who developed acute pulmonary embolism during a course of inpatient right-unilateral ultra-brief electroconvulsive therapy. After the stabilization of his somatic condition, we were able to safely continue with further ECT applications until his mood normalized and he was able to return to his normal life outside the hospital. Case reports on this topic are scarce – our article demonstrates that electroconvulsive treatment, with proper precautionary measures (anti-aggregative or anti-coagulatio...
Authors: Herth FJF, Reinmuth N, Wormanns D, Antoch G, Biederer J, Vogel-Claussen J, Kauczor HU, Pfeifer M, Vorstand der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Pneumologie und Beatmungsmedizin, Vorstand der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft Abstract Substantial new data on early detection of lung cancer with low-dose CT has become available since the last joint statement of the German Roentgenological Society and the German Respiratory Society was published in 2011. The German S3 guideline on lung cancer was revised in 2018 and now contains a weak recommendation towards early detection of lung cancer with low-dose CT in a...
The panel also recommends approval of Qtrilmet, a fixed-dose combination of metformin hydrochloride/saxagliptin/dapagliflozin for treatment of type 2 diabetes.International Approvals
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