Ulcerative Colitis Outcomes Similar for Smokers, Nonsmokers

FRIDAY, Aug. 9, 2019 -- Smokers and nonsmokers with ulcerative colitis (UC) have similar outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Jonathan Blackwell, B.M.B.S., from St. George's University...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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Source: Core Evidence - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Core Evidence Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study provides estimates of morbidity associated with the rectal stump after subtotal colectomy for IBD. A closed intra-abdominal stump seems to be associated with the highest rate of pelvic abscess/sepsis. Further work in form of an international collaborative project would allow individual patient data analysis and identification of risk factors for complications.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study was designed to evaluate the effects and mechanisms of obacunone in ameliorating intestinal inflammation in a mouse model of ulcerative colitis (UC). We found that obacunone efficiently alleviated the severity of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced mouse UC by modulating the abnormal composition of the gut microbiota and attenuating the excessive activation of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling. The intestinal epithelial barrier was disrupted in DSS colitis mice, which was associated with activation of inflammatory signaling cascades. However, obacunone promoted the expre...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
  Cannabis, weed, marijuana, pot. It goes by several names, but we all know what it smells like. As weed becomes more mainstream, we on the Not Crazy podcast want to know: Is marijuana really an effective treatment for anxiety? Is it just a coping mechanism? Or a vice? In today’s podcast, Gabe and Jackie look at the research and weigh out the evidence. They also interview Eileen Davidson, a rheumatoid arthritis patient who regularly uses marijuana as a medicine to see what she has to say. What’s your take? Tune in for an open-minded discussion about weed. (Transcript Available Below) SUBSCRIBE &REV...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Panic General Medications Not Crazy Podcast Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: The correlation between increase of inflammatory markers and increased risk of osteoporotic fractures and the lack of difference between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis suggest a central role of inflammation over malabsorption in this population. PMID: 32218426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between LCI observation and clinical relapse rate in UC patients. We retrospectively analyzed UC patients who underwent total colonoscopy between August 2016 and October 2018 at our facility with Mayo endoscopic scores of 0 or 1. We assessed the correlation between orange-like color lesion (defined as LCI-scarlet color lesions) and clinical relapse rate (requiring additional treatment for UC) during the 1-year follow-up period. Fifty-eight patients (22 female, 36 male; median age at diagnosis, 47.2 (18-80) years) who underwent colonoscopy were analyzed. During the 1-year ...
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
Conclusion: LRCH1 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of UC, possibly through modulating the migration of CD4+ T cells. Therefore, targeting LRCH1 might serve as a novel therapeutic approach in the management of UC. PMID: 32210709 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
In conclusion, reduced DJ-1 expression promotes inflammation and IEC apoptosis via p53 in colitis, suggesting that the modulation of DJ-1 expression may be a potential therapeutic strategy for managing colitis.
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Molecular Bases of Disease Source Type: research
The long-hyped redefinition of healthcare through wearable tech has been … well, long hyped. Early projects, such as Apple HealthKit and Fitbit, were undoubtably important in redefining ‘the possible’ but they haven’t yet achieved transformative application.  Much has been written on why the philosophy that has driven the astonishing success of consumer technology doesn ’t translate to healthcare and when we look at the state of innovation in 2020, many of these structural issues remain.   As Emily Cerciello, Associate Director, Digital Health and Engagement at the Crohn's...
Source: EyeForPharma - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
(Scripps Research Institute) The US Food and Drug Administration has approved ozanimod, an immune-modulating therapy invented at Scripps Research, for the treatment of adults with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. The drug is also in advanced clinical development for adults and children with moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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