West Nile Virus and Other Domestic Nationally Notifiable Arboviral Diseases - United States, 2018.

This report summarizes surveillance data reported to CDC for 2018 on nationally notifiable arboviruses. It excludes dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses because they are primarily nondomestic viruses typically acquired through travel. In 2018, 48 states and the District of Columbia (DC) reported 2,813 cases of domestic arboviral disease, including 2,647 (94%) WNV disease cases. Of the WNV disease cases, 1,658 (63%) were classified as neuroinvasive disease (e.g., meningitis, encephalitis, and acute flaccid paralysis), for a national incidence of 0.51 cases of WNV neuroinvasive disease per 100,000 population. Because arboviral diseases continue to cause serious illness and have no definitive treatment, maintaining surveillance is important to direct and promote prevention activities. Health care providers should consider arboviral infections in patients with aseptic meningitis or encephalitis, perform appropriate diagnostic testing, and report cases to public health authorities. PMID: 31393865 [PubMed - in process]
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

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WEST NILE VIRUS INFECTION WITH NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS: A CASE REPORT AND A BRIEF REVIEW OF THE SITUATION IN BULGARIA. Acta Clin Croat. 2019 Sep;58(3):546-549 Authors: Baymakova M, Christova I, Panayotova E, Trifonova I, Chobanov A, Daskalov I, Popov GT, Plochev K Abstract A case of a 66-year-old man with West Nile neuroinvassive disease manifested with fever, weakness, fatigue, consciousness disorders and underlying diabetes mellitus type 2 and cardiovascular diseases is presented. Laboratory data showed elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and fibrinogen. Serological tests revealed West Nile virus ...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
Authors: Childress A, Hoo-Cardiel A, Lang P Abstract Introduction: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) commonly occurs in children, adolescents, and adults. Although symptoms of ADHD often respond robustly to treatment with stimulants (amphetamine or methylphenidate), not all patients are appropriate candidates for treatment with these drugs. Guanfacine extended-release (GXR) is a non-stimulant alternative drug approved for the treatment of ADHD in the United States (U.S.), Canada, and Europe.Areas covered: The chemistry, pharmacokinetics, mechanism of action and dosage of GXR are presented. Efficacy an...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Retraction notice to "Trends in bromide wet deposition concentrations in the contiguous United States, 2001-2016" [Environ. Pollut. 233 (2018) 168-179]. Environ Pollut. 2020 Feb;257:113491 Authors: Wetherbee GA, Lehmann CMB, Kerschner BM, Ludtke AS, Green LA, Rhodes MF PMID: 31962543 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Environmental Pollution - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Pollut Source Type: research
The Gaithersburg biotech's latest move reflects its fundamental strategy: Watch for opportunities to address a virus outbreak.
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Pesticide Biochemistry and PhysiologyAuthor(s): Xiao-Qing Zhang, Qi Yan, Lu-Lu Li, Ji-Wei Xu, Dingze Mang, Xue-Liang Wang, Hong-Huat Hoh, Jia Ye, Qian Ju, Yu Ma, Meng Liang, Yun-Ying Zhang, Xiu-Yun Zhu, Fan Zhang, Shuang-Lin Dong, Ya-Nan Zhang, Long-Wa ZhangAbstractAthetis lepigone (Alep) is a polyphagous pest native to Europe and Asia that has experienced major outbreaks in the summer maize area of China since 2011 and has shown evidence of resistance to some insecticides. Insect olfaction is crucial for recognition of sex pheromones, host plant volatiles and even ...
Source: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
The outbreak of a deadly disease in China has cast a pall over growth prospects for the world ’s second largest economy, raising fears about the global outlook if the mysterious coronavirus spreads or worsens.
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
Public transport suspended in at least 10 cities as death toll rises and heath care centres struggle to cope with influx of patientsCoronavirus outbreak latest - liveWhat we know so farAt least 36 million people in China have been affected by unprecedented lockdowns imposed across 13 cities during the country ’s most important holiday, as officials attempt to contain the deadly new coronavirus.Restrictions on movement were widened on Friday in an effort to stop the spread of the disease, which has killed 26 people, affected almost 900, and been reported across South Korea, Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan, ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Science China Asia Pacific World news Source Type: news
This report summarizes surveillance data reported to CDC from U.S. states in 2017 for nationally notifiable arboviruses. It excludes dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses because, in the continental United States, these viruses are acquired primarily through travel. In 2017, 48 states and the District of Columbia (DC) reported 2,291 cases of domestic arboviral disease, including 2,097 (92%) WNV disease cases. Among the WNV disease cases, 1,425 (68%) were classified as neuroinvasive disease (e.g., meningitis, encephalitis, or acute flaccid paralysis), for a national rate of 0.44 cases per 100,000 population. More Jamestown ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 010 Peer Reviewer: Dr Jennifer Ho, ID physician QLD, Australia You are an ED doc working in Perth over schoolies week. An 18 yo man comes into ED complaining of fever, rash a “cracking headache” and body aches. He has just hopped off the plane from Bali where he spent the last 2 weeks partying, boozing and running amok. He got bitten by “loads” of mosquitoes because he forgot to take insect repellent. On e...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine arthralgia dengue fever rash Source Type: blogs
This report summarizes surveillance data reported to CDC for 2016 for nationally notifiable arboviruses. It excludes dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses, as these are primarily nondomestic viruses typically acquired through travel. Forty-seven states and the District of Columbia (DC) reported 2,240 cases of domestic arboviral disease, including 2,150 (96%) WNV disease cases. Of the WNV disease cases, 1,310 (61%) were classified as neuroinvasive disease (e.g., meningitis, encephalitis, acute flaccid paralysis), for a national incidence of 0.41 cases per 100,000 population. After WNV, the most frequently reported arbovirus...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
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