Effectiveness of Using Photographs of the Change in Standing Posture on Postoperative Patient-Reported Satisfaction and Quality of Life

This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of showing patients the change in their standing posture, before and after total knee replacement, using standing photographs (anterior, posterior, and lateral view), on improving self-reported quality of life and satisfaction. Full-length lower extremity radiographs and standing photographs were obtained prior to total knee replacement and 6 months after surgery in the study group. In the control group, radiographs and photographs were not obtained. The hip–knee–ankle angle and mechanical axis deviation were compared between the two limbs and two groups. The changes in the following outcome measures were evaluated from baseline to 6 months after surgery: Short Form-36 Survey, Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, Oxford Knee Score, and Knee Society score. Postoperative measures were also compared before and after showing patients their standing photographs, and between two groups. The study and control groups included 71 and 44 patients, respectively, with unilateral or bilateral knee osteoarthritis (Kellgren–Lawrence Grade 3 or 4), with a mean age of 66 years. All patients had a varus malalignment, with significant improvement in postoperative limb alignment (p 
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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In this study, we aimed to determine whether (1) greater degrees of preoperative varus deformity increase the incidence of varus-aligned TKAs and (2) residual varus alignment improves the long-term survival rate in TKAs with preoperative varus deformity.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed 905 primary TKAs for varus-type osteoarthritis from November 1998 to June 2009. The mean follow-up was 8.23 years (± 3.47 years). We measured pre- and postoperative mechanical hip-knee-ankle axis angle (HKA) on full-length standing radiographs to assess the severity of preoperative varus deformities, defined as mild (0° 
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to assess outcomes in 26 patients managed with 1S-TKA-TO.Hypothesis1S-TKA-TO produces satisfactory clinical and anatomical outcomes and is not associated with higher morbidity rates compared to TKA alone or two-stage TKA-TO.Material and methodsA prospective study was conducted in 25 patients (26 knees) managed with 1S-TKA-TO between 1995 and 2014. There were 16 males and 9 females with a mean age of 64 years (range, 29–80 years) and a mean body mass index of 29.6 (range, 24–49). The EKD was constitutional in 14 knees, post-traumatic in 5 knees, and induced by TO in 7 knees. None ...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to assess clinical and radiological outcomes and morbidity (complications and revisions) in 6 patients managed with S1-TKA-FO.Hypothesis1S-TKA-FO produces satisfactory outcomes and is not associated with higher morbidity rates compared to two-stage TKA-TO or TKA with intra-articular EKD correction, while also significantly shortening total treatment duration.Material and methodsA prospective study was performed in 6 patients managed with 1S-TKA-FO between 1999 and 2011; mean age was 64 years (range, 59–72 years) and mean body mass index was 29.5 (range, 26–35). The EKD was consis...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2019; 23: 177-194 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1677466End-stage ankle osteoarthritis often significantly impacts patients' quality of life. This can be managed surgically either by ankle arthrodesis or total ankle arthroplasty (TAA). Although ankle arthrodesis is considered by some as the standard-of-care surgical option for this condition, it restricts range of motion and may lead to accelerated osteoarthritis of neighboring joints. Better understanding of ankle biomechanics, the biological effects of orthopaedic devices, and new surgical techniques have led to significant improvements in the designs of ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2019Source: Fuß &SprunggelenkAuthor(s): Martinus RichterSummaryBackgroundTotal joint replacement (TJR) and arthrodesis (A) are treatment options for severe osteoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP1). The aim of this study was to compare outcome (clinical and pedographic) of TJR (Roto-Glide) and A of MTP1.Material and methodsAll patients that completed follow-up of at least 24 months after TJR and A of MTP1 before November 5, 2018 were included in the study. Preoperatively and at follow-up, radiographs and/or weight-bearing computed tomographies (WBC...
Source: Fuss and Sprunggelenk - Category: Podiatry Source Type: research
AbstractPost ‐traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) of ankle joints results in pain and reduced joint function. Ghrelin, a 28‐amino‐acid polypeptide, has been previously identified as the first cognate natural ligand that binds to the growth hormone secretagogue receptor. In the present study, ghrelin has been v alidated to exert cartilage‐protective and anti‐inflammatory effects. The current study was aimed at investigating the potential role of the levels of serum and synovial fluid (SF) ghrelin on the severity of disease in patients suffering from ankle PTOA. Ninety‐seven patients with ankle osteoa rthritis who re...
Source: BioFactors - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Research Communication Source Type: research
In this study, we compared the midterm clinical and functional outcomes in patients with different residual varus. A retrospective review of 175 patients (219 knees) with varus OA was > 3° for the hip-knee-ankle (HKA) who underwent primary TKA after exclusions and loss to follow-up from 237 patients (281 knees). The mean follow-up period was 5.2 ( ±  1.1) years. Patients were divided into four groups according to the first postoperative HKA angle from weight-bearing full-leg radiographs: “valgus” group (HKA angle > 0°, n = 44), ...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsCutting guide technique group did not yield lower incidence of anterior knee pain. More outliers of lateral patellar tilt were observed in the freehand technique group. Overall, all patients in both groups had identical results in terms of patellofemoral functional capacity, clinical outcomes, and other radiographic results.
Source: International Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Arnholdt J, Kamawal Y, Holzapfel BM, Ripp A, Rudert M, Steinert AF Abstract Introduction: The goals of successful bi-compartmental knee arthroplasty are to achieve correct fit and positioning of the implant, while appropriately correcting the mechanical alignment of the leg after surgery. As these requirements are not always reliably fulfilled using off-the-shelf implant systems, newer approaches for bi-compartmental resurfacing have been explored. Material and methods: In this article we report the radiographic results of 30 patients with anteromedial osteoarthritis (OA) who were treated with a novel ...
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2018Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &Research, Volume 104, Issue 7Author(s): C. Siedlecki, P. Beaufils, B. Lemaire, N. PujolAbstractBackgroundSingle-stage bilateral knee arthroplasty, even when unicompartmental, remains controversial, chiefly due to the risk of peri-operative complications. The primary objective of this study was to compare the short-term complication rate and cost of single- vs. two-stage bilateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UCA). The secondary objective was to compare total hospital stay lengths and motion-range recovery.HypothesisSingle-stage bilat...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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