The Dangers of Linking Gun Violence and Mental Illness

After repeated exposure to a piece of information, people will start assuming it’s true, whether or not it actually is, simply because they’ve heard it so many times. Familiarity and repetition can overcome rationality, a phenomenon psychologists call the “illusory truth effect.” In a 24-hour period during the first weekend of August, two mass shootings—one in El Paso, Texas and the other in Dayton, Ohio—left 31 people dead and 53 injured, as of writing. In between “calls for action” and the need for “thoughts and prayers,” legislators across the political spectrum, ranging from Democratic presidential candidates like Bernie Sanders and Andrew Yang, to Republicans like the Governor of Texas and President Donald Trump, were quick to assign blame to mental illness—despite ample evidence that gun violence is not a mental health problem. But perhaps it’s not entirely politicians’ fault. A 2016 study published in the peer-reviewed journal Health Affairs found that, in a random sample of 400 news stories about mental illness published from 1995 to 2014—which included sources ranging from the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal to CNN and NBC—38% linked mental illness to interpersonal violence. So many people have said that mental illness is related to mass shootings from disparate political beliefs, for so many decades, and so many different times that it’s easy to just accept t...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 12 September 2019Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Akiko Tanaka, Zain Al-Rstum, Samuel D. Leonard, Bri’Ana D. Gardiner, Ibrahim Yazij, Harleen K. Sandhu, Charles C. Miller, Hazim J. Safi, Anthony L. EstreraABSTRACTBackgroundWe reviewed the efficacy of intraoperative intercostal nerve cryoanalgesia for pain control in patients undergoing descending and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (D/TAAA) repairs.MethodsDuring 2013 and 2017, 241 patients underwent D/TAAA repair. Of those, 38 were treated with intraoperative cryoanalgesia to the intercostal nerves at the level of f...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
We report the case of a 66-year-old woman with lung cancer in which preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography reconstruction and intraoperative images displayed a novel combined ectopic variation of the RUV and bronchus. The RUV was absent from the anterior hilum, but instead was present in the superior and posterior hilum dispersedly. In addition, the right upper lobe bronchus was ectopic to the lower edge of the "bronchus intermedius". Based on this discovery, video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy was successfully performed.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS In brief, the withaferin-A molecule has great potential as an anticancer agent against drug-resistant breast cancer, and as such needs to be further studied in detail. PMID: 31512681 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Conclusions:Although there is no evidence of an overall effect of DHA+AA supplementation on child sleep, exploratorypost hoc analyses identified important subgroups of children born preterm who may benefit. Future research including larger samples is warranted.Clinical Trial Registration:Registry:ClinicalTrials.gov; Identifier: NCT01576783Citation:Boone KM, Rausch J, Pelak G, Li R, Turner AN, Klebanoff MA, Keim SA. Docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid supplementation and sleep in toddlers born preterm: secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(9):1197–1208.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
We examined the association between DA initiation and subsequent new-onset P-AEs among patients with a new diagnosis of RLS who had no history of psychiatric disorder or DA use.Methods:Selected were adults (age 18 years or older) enrolled through United States employer-sponsored plans and Medicare Advantage from 7/1/2008–12/31/2014, with≥ 2 years of claims data preceding their first RLS diagnosis (“preindex period”). Excluded were those with psychiatric diagnoses (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision [ICD-9] 290-319) or DA use during the preindex period, and those with possible seco...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Study Objectives:The association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been reported inconsistently, and the association between antidepressant use and the risk of developing OSA in patients with PTSD has not been previously studied. Therefore, we used the Longitudinal National Health Insurance Database (LHID) to investigate the impact of PTSD and antidepressant use on the risk of OSA development.Methods:Identified from the LHID, 2,316 individuals aged≥ 18 years with PTSD, but with no history of OSA, and 23,160 control individuals matched for age, sex, obesity and index date ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Study Objectives:Postpartum depression (PPD) occurs in 15% to 20% of mothers worldwide and is associated with adverse outcomes for mother and child. Prior research has established a relationship between concurrent sleep quality and PPD. We conducted a secondary analysis in 45 women with mood disorders to study overall sleep quality (and individual components of sleep), measured in the early postpartum period, as a predictor of subsequent PPD.Methods:We measured sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI; subscale and total scores) at 1 month postpartum (and during the third trimester). We measured depress...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Study Objectives:To determine the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults with coronary artery disease (CAD) and nonsleepy obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).Methods:This was a secondary outcome analysis of the RICCADSA trial, conducted in Sweden between 2005 and 2013. Adults with CAD, nonsleepy OSA (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI]≥ 15 events/h; Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS] score
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions:In a sample of women with PTSD, self-reported nocturnal sleep duration predicted deficits in sustained attention. Conversely, sleep duration as measured by actigraphy and global sleep quality, did not predict sustained attention. Findings suggest that assessing sleep impairment on a daily basis may provide clinically relevant information in evaluating daytime symptoms and provide guidance in targeting this particularly troublesome symptom in the treatment of PTSD.Citation:Werner KB, Arditte Hall KA, Griffin MG, Galovski TE. Predicting attentional impairment in women with posttraumatic stress disorder using self...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions:Most VA sleep programs are understaffed for their workload and have lengthy wait times for appointments. The VA Office of Rural Health determined that the dilemma of limited VHA sleep health care availability and accessibility might be solved, at least in part, by implementing a comprehensive telehealth program in VA medical facilities. The VA TeleSleep Program is an expansion of telemedicine services to address this need, especially for veterans in rural or remote regions.Citation:Sarmiento KF, Folmer RL, Stepnowsky CJ, Whooley MA, Boudreau EA, Kuna ST, Atwood CW, Smith CJ, Yarbrough WC. National expansion of ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
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