'The cat that kills people:' community beliefs about Ebola origins and implications for disease control in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

'The cat that kills people:' community beliefs about Ebola origins and implications for disease control in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Pathog Glob Health. 2019 Aug 06;:1-9 Authors: Kasereka MC, Hawkes MT Abstract The current Ebola epidemic in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has surpassed 1 700 deaths. Social resistance, a major barrier to control efforts, invites exploration of community beliefs around Ebola and its origins. We conducted a mixed-methods study, using four focus group discussions (FGDs) involving 20 participants, and a 19-item survey questionnaire, administered to a nonprobability sample of 286 community members throughout the outbreak zone. FGDs and surveys were conducted between 4 and 17 August 2018. FGDs revealed a widespread rumor early in the epidemic of two twins bewitched by their aunt after eating her cat, who developed bleeding symptoms and triggered the epidemic. However, this myth appeared to dissipate as the epidemic progressed and biomedical transmission became generally accepted. In our survey, 6% of respondents endorsed supernatural origins of Ebola. These respondents were more likely to believe that traditional medicine practitioners can cure Ebola. Wild animals were recognized as sources of Ebola by 53% and FGD participants commented that 'Ebola leaves the forest and hides in the hospital,' recognizing that zoonotic origins gave way to nosocomial transmission as the epidemic progressed. Taken togeth...
Source: Pathogens and Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pathog Glob Health Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: LL-37 concentrations were highest in patients with T2DM+CP when compared with controls. LL-37 was positively correlated with age. HNP 1-3 levels were increased in groups with DM when compared to the groups without periodontitis. The role of AMPs is vital in the immunoinflammatory response in the pathogenesis of periodontitis and DM. PMID: 31522161 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: RC individuals in public or academic PMT programs presented with lower periodontal retreatment needs and progression of periodontitis, as well as tooth loss when compared to IC individuals. PMID: 31522149 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
Authors: Pontillo V, Miziak DB, Maller ACPA, Nassar PO, Nassar CA Abstract Periodontal disease is chronic and multifactorial, affecting protection and support tissues of the tooth. Its onset is due to the accumulation of bacterial plaque, in which are found microorganisms, mainly Gram-negative, which stimulate the host cells and the production of immune-inflammatory molecules. Thus, the objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of two techniques of periodontal treatment through clinical parameters and laboratory tests. For this, 42 patients were randomly evaluated and divided into three groups of...
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
South Korea has raised its animal disease alert to the highest level after discovering its first outbreak of deadly African swine fever at a pig farm in Paju, a town near its border with North Korea, the agriculture ministry said on Tuesday.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
In conclusion, the occurrence of clinically detectable gingival inflammation was lower in heavy smokers than light and moderate smokers. Older age, diabetes, and visible plaque emerged as risk indicators of gingivitis. Plaque and gingival indices are significantly associated regardless of the smoking status.
Source: Brazilian Oral Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
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Source: L.A. Times - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
California's governor on Monday ordered a public awareness campaign on health risks posed by a "youth epidemic" of vaping, but said he lacked authority to unilaterally ban flavored e-cigarettes that he said were deliberately marketed to children.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Authors: Xu X, Guo X, Wang R, Wang L, Li Q, Yi F, Li H, Qi X Abstract Acute portomesenteric vein thrombosis is potentially lethal. In the present paper, a cirrhotic patient with a previous history of esophageal variceal bleeding presented with acute occlusive portomesenteric vein thrombosis, but achieved complete recanalization by low-molecular-weight heparin followed by rivaroxaban. Notably, no bleeding episode occurred during anticoagulation therapy. This case supported early initiation of anticoagulation in such patients. PMID: 31521463 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Purdue Pharma, a pharmaceutical company facing an onslaught of litigation for allegedly contributing to the opioid crisis, filed for bankruptcy on Sunday as part of a tentative, yet controversial settlement with state and local governments. Purdue is being sued in various courts over using allegedly deceptive marketing practices to promote its prescription painkiller OxyContin. One major federal case before an Ohio judge involves at least 1,600 consolidated lawsuits from across the country, including regions hard-hit by the crisis, like Portsmouth, Ohio, and Huntington, W.Va. On Monday, the judge overseeing that case remov...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime opioid crisis Source Type: news
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Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Ebola Virus Epidemics World Health Organization State Department Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Congo, Democratic Republic of (Congo-Kinshasa) Tanzania Uganda Source Type: news
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