Answer to Case 555 - Parasites and the Number Five

Wow - we received so many excellent comments on how parasites and the number 5 go together! Here are many of them - in no particular order - for your viewing pleasure:Pentatrichomonas hominis is a nonpathogenic intestinal flagellate named for its 5 flagella (penta from the Greek pente, meaning five + trich, pertaining to hair [flagella]). By Neil Anderson and Bernardino Rocha.There are 5 lobes of the lung, and all can be infected by Paragonimusspecies. By Brian Duresko.The are 5Plasmodiumspecies that are responsible for the bulk of malaria in humans:P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae, andP. knowlesi(the latter is a zoonotic parasite and important cause of malaria in regions of SE Asia). By Aimee Boerger, Nipunie Rajapakse, and LS.Pentastomes have a name meaning " five openings " . Although having a single mouth, there are 2 pairs of hollow fang-like hooks beside the mouth. These fangs can be retracted into slits giving the appearance of 5 mouths. By Old One.Quintan fever, also known as trench fever, is due to infection with the bacterium Bartonella quintana,and is transmitted by the body louse,Pediculus humanus humanus.The infection is characterized by fevers that recur every five days; hence the name of the bacterium and the resultant disease. By Kristin Nagaro.The gametocytes ofPlasmodium vivaxappear in the blood ~5 days after the liver stage, whereas it takes 10-12 days forP. falciparumto appear.Thus,P. vivaxinfection can be acquired by...
Source: Creepy Dreadful Wonderful Parasites - Category: Parasitology Source Type: blogs

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CONCLUSIONS: Awareness of possible repercussions of the celiac trunk stenosis to peripancreatic arteries should be elevated. Restoration of physiological blood flow by removing pathologic anatomy should be performed. Since there is no correlation between the size of a visceral aneurysm and the risk of rupture, having a high postrupture mortality, pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms should be treated even if asymptomatic. Surgical treatment remains the mainstay treatment of the Dunbar syndrome complicated by visceral aneurysms. PMID: 31961777 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Chirurgica Belgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Acta Chir Belg Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: Individuals exposed to trauma, especially those who develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), are at a higher risk of suffering from chronic pain as well as altered pain perception and modulation. However, the underlying mechanisms of these ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
We report the case of a 33-year-old woman with no history of coronary risk factors or chest pain who experienced intermittent chest pain at rest for several minutes from 2 PM. At 8 AM the next day, chest pain recurred and persisted for about 1 hour. She was transported to our hospital by ambulance, where electrocardiogram showed ST-elevation in the precordial leads, and blood tests showed elevation of cardiac markers. She was diagnosed with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Because she was a young woman without any risk factors, coronary spastic angina was suspected. Coronary angiography without intracoronary nitrate adm...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the perioperative outcomes of adjunctive hypnotherapy undergoing transfemoral TAVI with LACS.Consecutive patients (n = 143) with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis who underwent transfemoral TAVI with LACS only (n = 107) or with LACS and hypnotherapy (n = 36) between January 2015 and April 2016 were retrospectively included in the study. The clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups. The LACS with hypnotherapy group had a significantly shorter length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU; LACS only versus LACS with hypnotherapy: 4.0 (4.0-5.5) days versus 3.0 (3.0-5.0) days, P
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe G.R.O.S. management style seems to be an interesting and effective alternative to slimming diets. However, this study presented a number of limitations, including the sample size, nonrandomization of subjects in groups, and non-standardization of care.RésuméIntroductionLes recommandations internationales destinées aux personnes souffrant d’obésité ou de surpoids basées sur des conseils nutritionnels qualitatifs et/ou quantitatifs ne sont pas efficaces sur le long terme. En revanche, l’alimentation intuitive, qui consiste à manger naturellement en f...
Source: European Review of Applied Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate use and effectiveness of pre-operative education with respect to post-operative opioid use and management of pain in the orthopaedic setting. Electronic searches were conducted in Ovid/Medline and SCOPUS to identify articles that discuss pre-operative opioid education and its effects on post-operative pain scores and prescription fulfillment. Non-orthopaedic studies were included for comparison. Eleven studies met inclusion criteria, 3 of which were retrospective reviews of large (>1000) post-surgical cohorts, and 8 of which were randomized controlled studies that ...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
(CNN) — Marie Antoinette’s hair suddenly turned white before the ill-fated French queen was taken to the guillotine to have her head chopped off, according to some historical accounts. More modern reports refer to hair turning prematurely white in survivors of bomb attacks during World War II, while an Australian airline pilot saw his hair go gray in the months after landing a plane following a failure of all four engines in the early 1980s. While there’s been plenty of anecdotal evidence suggesting premature graying can be caused by extreme stress — whether this is true and how this happens isn&rsq...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health CNN Harvard University Source Type: news
ConclusionThis is the first report showing the high prevalence of carbapenemases in ESBL-positive isolates in this area. Regular surveillance for such resistance mechanisms will be useful for health personnel to treat infections by these multidrug-resistant pathogens.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study investigates the effects of QD on murine dextran sulfate sodium salt-induced colitis. Oral administration of QD protected the animals from colitis as manifested by weight loss, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. QD was distinguishingly more effective than 5-aminosalicylate. Focused microarray analysis of genes expressed in the distal colon suggested that QD influences the inflammatory pathway. Anti-inflammatory activity of QD was confirmed by the suppression of nitric oxide (NO) production in response to interleukin-1β in cultured hepatocytes. Some of the constituents in QD, such as tryptanthrin (TRYP) and indi...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 124Author(s): Yong-Deok Jeon, Ji-Hyun Lee, Young-Mi Lee, Dae-Ki KimAbstractUlcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease accompanied by abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. The aim of this study was to investigate whether puerarin, one of the main components of the root of Pueraria lobata, exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects against UC. To examine the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects of puerarin against colitis, we used a mouse model of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Administration of...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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