Interventions to prevent suicidal behavior and ideation for patients with cancer: a systematic review - Kawashima Y, Yonemoto N, Inagaki M, Inoue K, Kawanishi C, Yamada M.

This study aimed to summarize interventions for suicide prevention in patients with cancer and highlight any methodological issues. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and the Cochrane database from their inception until July ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

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Say the word. Suicide. Say it aloud. Say it more than once. Say it until it sounds like any other word.  Our minds give words power, connotations, and destructive or healing qualities. Words, alone, can attack the body with symptoms of fear and uncertainty and, at the same time, be inexact and open to interpretation. What if you could rob a word like “suicide” of some of its isolating effect and control?  Words are serious business. What they represent – true or not – are real problems that need real solutions. Taking control of the power of words is one strategy that places the focus wher...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Communication Stigma Suicide crisis Power of words Semantics Source Type: blogs
This study identified factors associated with suicidal ideation (SI) among a rarely studied subgroup of Veterans: those with cancer.Methods: Veterans (age M = 61.83) with cancer (N= 175) referred for psychological evaluation completed measures of pain, sleep, depressive, anxiety, and PTSD symptoms. SI was defined by endorsing on paper-and-pencil questionnaire thoughts of killing oneself in the past 2 weeks or during clinical interview.Results: 25.1% reported SI. Compared to those without SI, Veterans with SI had higher ratings on measures of depression, anxiety, and PTSD symptoms. History of suicide attempt(s) was included...
Source: Clinical Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clin Gerontol Source Type: research
In this study, a Distress and Impact Thermometer was used to classify patients with adjustment disorders, depression, or major depression and suicidal ideation into a group with psychological problems and the remaining patients into a group with no psychological problems. RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis showed that only DASH was statistically significantly associated with psychological conditions (p 
Source: Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Breast Cancer Source Type: research
In this issue of JAMA, Wynia describes a patient in Colorado with terminal cancer for whom a physician agreed to prescribe aid-in-dying medications in accordance with new state legal guidelines. However, the health care organization that employed the physician objected to her actions, even though by doing so it was violating state law. The patient and physician filed suit against her employer. Chillingly, in a move that should alarm physicians long concerned about erosion of their autonomy, the physician ’s dismissal letter chided her for violating the ethical directives of Catholic health care services, which view a...
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 October 2019Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Caroline J. Violette, Rachel S. Mandelbaum, David J. Nusbaum, Christina J. Duval, Shinya Matsuzaki, Hiroko Machida, Lynda D. Roman, Koji MatsuoAbstractObjectiveTo examine the trends, characteristics, and outcomes of women with gynecologic malignancies who died of suicide in the United States.MethodsThis is a retrospective, observational study using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results program from 1973-2013. Women with uterine, ovarian, and cervical cancers who had cause of death recorded as suicide or self-inflicted ...
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 October 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Oleguer Plana-Ripoll, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Esben Agerbo, Yan Holtz, Annette Erlangsen, Vladimir Canudas-Romo, Per Kragh Andersen, Fiona J Charlson, Maria K Christensen, Holly E Erskine, Alize J Ferrari, Kim Moesgaard Iburg, Natalie Momen, Preben Bo Mortensen, Merete Nordentoft, Damian F Santomauro, James G Scott, Harvey A Whiteford, Nanna Weye, John J McGrathSummaryBackgroundSystematic reviews have consistently shown that individuals with mental disorders have an increased risk of premature mortality. Traditionally, this evidence has ...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 October 2019Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and MedicineAuthor(s): John Choi, Yuan Rui, Jayoung Kim, Noah Gorelick, David R. Wilson, Kristen Kozielski, Antonella Mangraviti, Eric Sankey, Henry Brem, Betty Tyler, Jordan J. Green, Eric M. JacksonAbstractTogether, medulloblastoma (MB) and atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT) represent two of the most prevalent pediatric brain malignancies. Current treatment involves radiation, which has high risks of developmental sequelae for patients under the age of three. New safer and more effective treatment modalities are needed....
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Cancer remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Conventional therapeutic strategies usually offer limited specificity, resulting in severe side effects and toxicity to normal tissues. Targeted cancer therapy, on the other hand, can improve the therapeutic potential of anti-cancer agents and decrease unwanted side effects. Targeted applications of cytolethal bacterial toxins have been found to be especially useful for the specific eradication of cancer cells. Targeting is either mediated by peptides or by protein-targeting moieties, such as antibodies, antibody fragments, cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs), growt...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Patients' qualitative feedback highlighted the potential feasibility and adaptability of the program for this population. The results of this preliminary study show promising avenues for research in the field of cancer patients' adaptive coping enhancement as well as reduce anxiety and depression symptoms. This type of workshop can be considered as complementary to individual psychotherapies as they may tap into different mechanisms that help foster psychological flexibility as the group format enhances decentering processes. Further research avenues are proposed in order to assess the efficacy of such interven...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Hanna Olivas, 45, who is dying of multiple myeloma, will have move from her home in Las Vegas, Nevada, to California in order to end her own life where physician-assisted suicide is legal.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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