Insights into Eucalyptus genus chemical constituents, biological activities and health-promoting effects

Publication date: Available online 6 August 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Bahare Salehi, Javad Sharifi-Rad, Cristina Quispe, Henrry Llaique, Michael Villalobos, Antonella Smeriglio, Domenico Trombetta, Shahira M. Ezzat, Mohamed A. Salem, Ahmed M. Zayed, Carla Marina Salgado Castillo, Simin Emamzadeh Yazdi, Surjit Sen, Krishnendu Acharya, Farukh Sharopov, Natália MartinsAbstractBackgroundEucalyptus genus members have received a great interest worldwide for their antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and insect-repellent properties for cosmetic, pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and furniture purposes. Indeed, the application of Eucalyptus essential oil in cosmetic and personal hygiene products is gradually increasing. Also, it has been widely used in the traditional medicine for centuries, in the treatment of respiratory diseases, common cold, influenza, and sinus congestion.Scope and approachThis review addressed botanical and ethnopharmacological aspects of Eucalyptus plants, as also its in vitro and in vivo pharmacological activities, and current insights with regards to clinical efficacy and safety.Key findings and conclusionsEucalyptol (1,8-cineole) is the main component present in Eucalyptus oils. According to the previously reported uses of Eucalyptus oils and extracts, there is urgently required further in vivo studies with the distinct Eucalyptus constituents to reveal the secrets beyond the traditional uses for trea...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractTo identify the prevalence ofC. albicans in primary endodontic infections of type two diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and compare their clinical and radiographical characteristics with a non-diabetic control group, establishing the possible relationship between primary endodontic infection, T2DM, andC. albicans, since diabetes mellitus (DM), influences the development, course, and response to the treatment of apical periodontitis, but the presence ofCandida albicans (C. albicans) has not been considered before. A total of 120 patients were selected and divided into two groups: 60 T2DM diagnosed patients and 60 no...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the association between Th1-, Th2-, and Th17-related cytokines with the clinical outcome of patients with leptospirosis. Different cytokine levels were measured in fifty-two plasma samples of hospitalized patients diagnosed with leptospirosis in Malaysia (January 2016 –December 2017). Patients were divided into two separate categories: survived (n = 40) and fatal outcome (n = 12). Nineteen plasma samples from healthy individuals were obtained as controls. Cytokine quantification was performed using Simple Plex™ assays from ProteinSimple (San Jose, CA, USA)....
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to assess the impact of LPMs closure on reducing zoonotic transmission of avian influenza A (H7N9) virus and to make specific recommendations on the duration of closing the LPMs. Results show that the closure of LPMs can effectively control the spread of H7N9 avian influenza and reduce the incidence of human infection with H7N9. If cases of H7N9 avian influenza continue to occur, LPMs should close for at least 3 –4 weeks in susceptible areas to control the spread of infection.
Source: Journal of Public Health Policy - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
by Srinivasan Venkatramanan, Jiangzhuo Chen, Arindam Fadikar, Sandeep Gupta, Dave Higdon, Bryan Lewis, Madhav Marathe, Henning Mortveit, Anil Vullikanti Prophylactic interventions such as vaccine allocation are some of the most effective public health policy planning tools. The supply of vaccines, however, is limited and an important challenge is to optimally allocate the vaccines to minimize epidemic impact. This resource allocation question (whi ch we refer to as VaccIntDesign) has multiple dimensions: when, where, to whom, etc. Most of the existing literature in this topic deals with the latter (to whom), proposing pol...
Source: PLoS Computational Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
This article attempts to fuse these topics by investigating how to apply aspects of American mandatory influenza vaccination policy targeted at HCP in an Israeli context.MethodsCritical document analysis was conducted on relevant literature and policy discussing influenza prevention interventions among HCP within the United States.  Mandatory vaccination policies were highlighted. A discussion of the professional responsibility of HCP to vaccinate against influenza serves as background. Case studies of hospitals in the United States that implemented mandatory vaccination policies for their employees are anal...
Source: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
In this study, researchers studied 438,952 participants in the UK Biobank, who had a total of 24,980 major coronary events - defined as the first occurrence of non-fatal heart attack, ischaemic stroke, or death due to coronary heart disease. They used an approach called Mendelian randomisation, which uses naturally occurring genetic differences to randomly divide the participants into groups, mimicking the effects of running a clinical trial. People with genes associated with lower blood pressure, lower LDL cholesterol, and a combination of both were put into different groups, and compared against those without thes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
We describe a novel type of high-affinity monoclonal antibody, that: a) targets specific trans-membrane receptor structures of harmful or redundant cells; b) is equipped with lipophilic and/or hydrophobic fragments that prevent physiological water flow inside ion channels. Therefore, we achieve an artificial dewetting transition inside receptor cavities, that causes discontinuity within transmembrane ionic flows, channel blockage, and subsequent damage of morbid cells. As an example, we describe dewetting monoclonal antibodies that target the M2 channel of the Influenza A virus: they might prevent water from entering pores...
Source: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2019Source: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Philip R. Baldwin, Dmitry LyumkisAbstractVirtually all single-particle cryo-EM experiments currently suffer from specimen adherence to the air-water interface, leading to a non-uniform distribution in the set of projection views. Whereas it is well accepted that uniform projection distributions can lead to high-resolution reconstructions, non-uniform (anisotropic) distributions can negatively affect map quality, elongate structural features, and in some cases, prohibit interpretation altogether. Although some ...
Source: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
This study demonstrated the variations in aromatic compounds accumulated in flowers and mature berry skins of muscadine grapes, and evaluated their possible antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. The presented results will be the base for future research, focused on a better understanding of the molecular and regulatory mechanisms involved in aromatic compound biosynthesis and accumulation in muscadine grapes.
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2019Source: Trends in GeneticsAuthor(s): Vandana Raghavan, Charles F. Aquadro, Eric AlaniGlobal outbreaks of drug-resistant fungi such as Candida auris are thought to be due at least in part to excessive use of antifungal drugs. Baker’s yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has gained importance as an emerging opportunistic fungal pathogen that can cause infections in immunocompromised patients. Analyses of over 1000 S. cerevisiae isolates are providing rich resources to better understand how fungi can grow in human environments. A large percentage of clinical S. cerevisiae is...
Source: Trends in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
More News: Cancer & Oncology | Candida | Chemistry | Common Cold | Eucalyptus | Food Science | Fungal Infections | Influenza | Nanotechnology | Respiratory Medicine | Science | Study | Toxicology