Autoimmune Pancreatitis : CT
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We report a rare case of a 47-year-old male patient who presented to the Emergency Unit complaining about a two weeks-long-persistent pain in the upper abdomen and biliary vomiting. The medical history included alcohol abuse. Several days prior to the onset of these symptoms, the patient has noticed the occurrence of a nodular inflammatory lesion of 5∕3 cm on the right calf (this makes the case even rarer). Based on clinical aspect and high levels of pancreatic enzymes, acute pancreatitis was diagnosed. Contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed a cystic pancreatic mass and dilated intrahepatic biliary...
A 49-year-old man was referred to our hospital for epigastric pain. Dynamic computed tomography showed a heterogeneously enhanced pancreatic head mass measuring 12 cm in diameter with hypervascular lesions (Fig 1). In addition, an irregular aneurysm was found in the branch from the superior mesenteric artery to the pancreatic head (Fig 2). Fluid retention owing to pancreatitis was observed in the left side of the pancreas. Selective angiography of the superior mesenteric artery confirmed an aneurysm of the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery (IPDA).
We report about a case of azathioprine related pancreatitis associated with polyarthralgia and panniculitis. Pancreatitis, polyarthritis and panniculitis (PPP) syndrome is an uncommon phenomenon which may accompany a number of pancreatic diseases including acute or chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic malignancy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of Azathioprine related PPP syndrome. PMID: 32233278 [PubMed - in process]
AbstractAcute pancreatitis (AP) is termed as idiopathic (IAP) when the underlying conditions of pancreatic inflammation remain unknown. The aim of this study was to identify different clinical features in patients with IAP and AP of known aetiology. All patients hospitalized in our Gastroenterology Unit with an initial diagnosis of AP were recruited. AP was classified as of known aetiology or idiopathic according to clinical examination, serum biochemistry testing, and radiological imaging investigations, and clinical data in both patient groups were compared. A total of 127 patients (80 males, mean age: 57 years) we...
We present the case of a woman with an intestinal neuroendocrine tumor who developed two episodes of acute pancreatitis, secondary to severe hypertriglyceridemia caused by everolimus. After treatment with fibrates and omega-3, triglyceride levels returned to baseline, without developing new metabolic or digestive complications. Targeted levels of triglyceride for cancer patients treated with everolimus, should be below 500 or 300 mg/dL, depending on whether life expectancy is less or longer than one year, respectively. PMID: 32242549 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
A minimally invasive step-up (MIS) approach has been associated with reduced morbidity compared to open surgical necrosectomy (OSN) for treatment of necrotizing pancreatitis (NP). We sought to determine if transitioning from an OSN to an MIS-based approach would result in reduced mortality. MIS interventions included percutaneous drainage (PD), endoscopic transgastric necrosectomy (ETN), video-assisted retroperitoneal debridement (VARD), sinus tract endoscopic necrosectomy (STE), or a combination of techniques, with selective use of OSN.
Authors: Francis T, Francis N, Lazarus JH, Okosieme OE Abstract Introduction: The thionamide antithyroid drugs, methimazole (MMI), its pro-drug derivative carbimazole (CMZ), and propylthiouracil (PTU) are the mainstay of treatment for hyperthyroidism in pregnancy. However, antithyroid drugs carry risks of adverse effects that can affect fetal and maternal well-being.Areas covered: This review provides an update on the safety of antithyroid drugs in pregnancy, focusing on the most serious concerns of severe liver disease and congenital anomalies.Expert opinion: PTU-induced liver disease is uncommon but can run a cat...
ConclusionsThe success rate of EMSP for mALO was high in patients with poor general conditions due to advanced-stage malignant tumors and it was able to be safely performed, suggesting its high clinical efficacy. The incidence of mALO recurrence after EMSP was low.
CONCLUSION: Our study showed that Tim-3 might play an important role in the development of AP through regulating the inflammatory response. PMID: 32224541 [PubMed - in process]
Idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP) is the second most common subtype of CP. In 1994, researchers reported the bimodal age at onset of ICP symptoms: early-onset ICP (EO-ICP; median age, 19.2 years) and late-onset ICP (LO-ICP; median age, 56.2 years). Ages of onset and clinical features of ICP differed from those of alcohol-related CP (ACP). However, variants in PRSS1 had not yet been associated with ICP. We reexamined ages of onset of ICP in a large, North American cohort of patients, and investigated the effects of genetic factors and alcohol use in patients with EO-ICP, LO-ICP, or ACP.