Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1124: Predicting Visual Acuity Deterioration and Radiation-Induced Toxicities after Brachytherapy for Choroidal Melanomas

Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1124: Predicting Visual Acuity Deterioration and Radiation-Induced Toxicities after Brachytherapy for Choroidal Melanomas Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers11081124 Authors: Charlotte A. Espensen Ane L. Appelt Lotte S. Fog Anita B. Gothelf Juliette Thariat Jens F. Kiilgaard Ruthenium-106 (Ru-106) brachytherapy is an established modality for eye-preserving treatment of choroidal melanoma. To achieve optimal treatment outcomes, there should be a balance between tumour control and the risk of healthy tissue toxicity. In this retrospective study, we examined normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) for visual acuity deterioration and late complications to aid the understanding of dose-dependence after Ru-106 treatments. We considered consecutive patients diagnosed with choroidal melanoma and primarily treated at a single institution from 2005–2014. Treatment plans were retrospectively recreated using dedicated software and image guidance to contour the tumour and determine the actual plaque position. Dose distributions were extracted from each plan for all relevant anatomical structures. We considered visual acuity deterioration and late complications (maculopathy, optic neuropathy, ocular hypertension, vascular obliteration, cataract and retinal detachment). Lasso statistics were used to select the most important variables for each analysis. Outcomes were related to dose and clinical characteristics using multivariate Cox regres...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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In conclusion, this review reported that IL-37 has a crucial role in reducing infection-associated inflammation and has a good impact on inflammation-induced pathology. However, tight regulation that achieved balance between effector immune responses that required for pathogen elimination and limited tissue damage that resulted from excessive inflammation should be existed in the potential IL-37 therapy to prevent clinical complications of a disease. PMID: 31633447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Reviews of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int Rev Immunol Source Type: research
Date: Tuesday, 11 12, 2019; Speaker: Meira Epplein, PhD, Associate Professor in Population Health Sciences, Associate Prof in Medicine, Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine ; http://epi.grants.cancer.gov/events/infectious-age
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Conclusions: The results indicate that a possible mechanism behind an anastomotic leakage is an impaired circulation and thus insufficient saturation to the small intestine peroperatively. This develops into an inflammation both intraperitoneally and intravenously, which, if not reversed, spread within the gastrointestinal tract .The colorectal anastomosis is the most vulnerable part of the gastrointestinal tract postoperatively and hypoxia and inflammation may occur there, and an anastomosis leakage will be the consequence. PMID: 31630578 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 October 2019Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and MedicineAuthor(s): Muhammad Younis, Wang Faming, Zhao Hongyan, Tan Mengmeng, Song Hang, Yuan LiudiAbstractGlioma is the most common neoplasm of the central nervous system, with the highest mortality rate. The present study was designed to examine the therapeutic effect of Iguratimod (IGU) encapsulated- poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) PLGA nanoparticles (IGU-PLGA-NPs), which showed inhibition of glioma cells proliferation both in vitro and in vivo. IGU was encapsulated in PLGA nanoparticles with an average size of 100-200 nm w...
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2019Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and MedicineAuthor(s): Duo Lin, Qiong Wu, Sufang Qiu, Guannan Chen, Shangyuan Feng, Rong Chen, Haishan ZengAbstractDevelopment of a sensitive, rapid and easy-to-use liquid biopsy method is of imperative clinical value for point-of-care caner diagnostics. Here, a label-free and modification-free nanotechnology based on surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) was employed for DNA analysis. Using the SERS signals of phosphate backbone as internal standard, quantitative detection for nucleobases was achieved even at single base l...
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2019Source: Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of MutagenesisAuthor(s): Mohammad-Taghi Bahreyni-Toossi, Elham Dolat, Hashem Khanbabaei, Navid Zafari, Hosein AzimianAbstractGlioblastoma (GBM) is the most lethal type of primary brain tumor. Currently, even with optimal and multimodal cancer therapies, the survival rate of GBM patients remains poor. One reason for inadequate response of GBM tumors to radiotherapy is radioresistance (RR). Thus, there is a critical need for new insights about GBM treatment to increase the chance of treatment. microRNAs (miRNAs) a...
Source: Mutation Research Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Authors: Mouton CP, Haas A, Karmarkar A, Kuo YF, Ottenbacher K Abstract Elder abuse and mistreatment (EM) continues to be a growing problem as the US population ages. Despite the growth, detection of EM continues to lag. However, Medicare claims data and the electronic health record might provide an opportunity to encourage better detection. We evaluated Medicare claims data from 2012-2014 for beneficiaries who had a diagnostic code for EM discharged from any types of facility. We extracted records for 10,181 individuals examining demographic characteristics, residential characteristics, residential location, type ...
Source: Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect - Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Elder Abuse Negl Source Type: research
This study reports a significant increase in the levels of autotaxin, lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), LPA and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in the AH of Caucasian and African American open angle glaucoma patients relative to age-matched non-glaucoma patients. Treatment of human TM cells with dexamethasone, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) increased the levels of autotaxin protein, a response that was mitigated by inhibitors of glucocorticoid receptor, NF-kB and SMAD3. Dexamethasone, TNF-α, IL-1β and LPC treatment of TM cells also led to an increase in the l...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
United Therapeutics Corp. can add another regulatory thumbs-up to its growing collection. The Silver Spring biotech has earned Food and Drug Administration approval for another use of Orenitram, a pulmonary arterial hypertension drugs first approved in 2013 to improve patients’ ability to exercise. The agency’s new stamp means the drug’s label can now reflect that it delays the d isease’s progression when used with another type of PAH therapy, United Therapeutics (NASDAQ: UTHR) said Monday. In…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Yu Dong, Tao Xu, Shouping Zhong, Bo Wang, Huimin Zhang, Xin Wang, Peng Wang, Guangshun Li, Shuanying YangAbstractAimsCircular RNAs (circRNAs) acted as key regulators in the development of various human tumors. Our present study aimed to investigate the role and molecular mechanism of circ_0076305 in regulating cisplatin (DDP) resistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Main methodsUsing RT-qPCR, the expressions of circ_0076305 in NSCLC tissues and cells (A549, H1650, A549/DDP, H1650/DDP) were measured. Through loss-of-function and overex...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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