Allergic Rhinitis in Children and Adolescents

Allergic rhinitis is a common disorder that regularly occurs in children and adolescents. The disease is associated with other allergic diseases, such as asthma, and it carries a heavy burden, with effects on sleep, school performance, and quality of life. Classic symptoms include sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, and nasal itching. When the eyes are involved, the term allergic rhinoconjunctivitis is used. Triggers may include airborne pollens, molds, dust mites, and animals. Skin or blood allergy testing can be a useful diagnostic modality that may guide therapy. Immunotherapy can prevent the development of further allergic sensitizations as well as subsequent asthma.
Source: Pediatric Clinics of North America - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research

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Abstract Allergic rhinitis is a common disorder that regularly occurs in children and adolescents. The disease is associated with other allergic diseases, such as asthma, and it carries a heavy burden, with effects on sleep, school performance, and quality of life. Classic symptoms include sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, and nasal itching. When the eyes are involved, the term allergic rhinoconjunctivitis is used. Triggers may include airborne pollens, molds, dust mites, and animals. Skin or blood allergy testing can be a useful diagnostic modality that may guide therapy. Immunotherapy can prevent the deve...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Pediatr Clin North Am Source Type: research
Discussion Atopic dermatitis (AD) has a prevalence of 3-5% in the overall U.S. population but is increasing with an estimated 10-15% lifetime risk in childhood. It is even more common in children of color with a prevalence in African-American/black children of 17% and Hispanic children of 14%. Health care utilization data also appears to support more severe disease in children of color also. Atopic dermatitis or eczema is a common dermatological skin problem which characteristically is a pruritic, papular eruption with erythema. Like most papulosquamous eruptions it often occurs in intertrigenous areas in people with alle...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewObesity is a major public health problem associated with various diseases. Improving obesity control and achieving greater patient satisfaction are critical unmet needs. Various otorhinolaryngologic diseases can have negative effects on quality of life or actual health status depending on their type. Over the past decade, the relationship between obesity and otorhinolaryngologic conditions has been investigated. The purpose of this review was to discuss the relationship between obesity and otorhinolaryngological diseases.Recent FindingsThis is a narrative review on the current state of incidence, e...
Source: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusion It is apparent that athletes will be exposed to various stressors during both the preparatory and competition phases of the Summer Games. Athletes residing in the southern hemisphere appear to be at increased risk for illness during the preparatory phase, while female, Paralympic, water-sport and multi-competition/event athletes may be more susceptible to illness during the competition phase of the Summer Games. To maintain athlete health, illness prevention strategies should be targeted to stressors and at-risk athletes. Keeping athletes healthy will contribute to optimal Olympic and Paralympic athletic perfor...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common risk factor for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children. Allergy to pollen is a trigger for allergic rhinitis, causing nasal inflammation, upper airway congestion and obstruction. We aimed to determine if the pollen count on the day of diagnostic polysomnography for SDB affected the result. METHODS: Children (3-18 years; n = 90) who participated in research studies between 1 October and 31 December, when daily regional pollen counts were available, in the years 2005-2016 were eligible for inclusion. All children underwent overnight p...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeAllergic rhinitis (AR) is a common risk factor for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children. Allergy to pollen is a trigger for allergic rhinitis, causing nasal inflammation, upper airway congestion and obstruction. We aimed to determine if the pollen count on the day of diagnostic polysomnography for SDB affected the result.MethodsChildren (3 –18 years;n = 90) who participated in research studies between 1 October and 31 December, when daily regional pollen counts were available, in the years 2005–2016 were eligible for inclusion. All children underwent overnight polysomno...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
In this report, we aimed to study the circadian rhythms and sleep timing in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE).
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
House dust mite (HDM) SLIT-tablet (12 SQ-HDM, ALK, Denmark) has been shown to be effective in treating HDM allergic rhinitis and asthma in DBPC trials. This post-hoc analysis investigates effect of treatment with SQ-HDM SLIT-tablet on sleep in HDM allergic rhinitis.
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common chronic inflammatory skin condition of childhood. It is associated with allergic co-morbities including asthma and allergic rhinitis. AD patients are also affected by sleep deprivation and psychosocial problems. Those with uncontrolled AD may require hospitalization.1 Previous studies have shown that about 70% of children who were treated inpatient for AD exacerbation were given an antibiotic.2,3 However, information on the choice of antibiotics used to treat AD exacerbation is limited.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Ear, nose and throat (ENT) comorbidities are common in patients with asthma and are frequently associated with poorer asthma outcomes. All these comorbidities are "treatable traits" in asthma. Identification and management of these disorders may spare medication usage and contribute to improved asthma control and quality of life, and a decrease in exacerbation rates. This review summarises recent data about the prevalence, clinical impact and treatment effects of ENT comorbidities in asthma including allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinosinusitis with and without nasal polyposis, aspirin-exacerbated respiratory diseas...
Source: European Respiratory Review - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Asthma and allergy Review Source Type: research
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