Medical News Today: Hepatitis A becomes health emergency in Florida

The state of Florida has declared the current hepatitis A outbreak a 'public health emergency,' and officials encourage inhabitants to get vaccinated.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Liver Disease / Hepatitis Source Type: news

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AbstractHepatitis A, an acute inflammatory liver disease caused by hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection from close contact with infected people, is highly endemic in the Indian subcontinent. Due to poor sanitary conditions, most of the population is exposed to the virus in childhood. At this age, the disease is asymptomatic and provides life-long protection against the disease. Due to rapid socioeconomic development in some areas, however, pockets of the population are reaching adolescence/adulthood without prior exposure to the virus and are thus susceptible to infection. At these ages, infection carries a higher risk of sym...
Source: Infectious Diseases and Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
A worker at U.S. Chili in Camp Washington has been diagnosed with hepatitis A, and the Cincinnati Health Department is advising some people who ate at the restaurant earlier this month to get vaccinated.   This is the first instance that risk of exposure from a food handler has been identified in the city of Cincinnati since a 2018 outbreak of hepatitis A in Ohio.  The rare but highly contagious liver disease usually spreads when someone unknowingly ingests the virus from food, drinks or objects …
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: news
Abstract Hepatitis A (HepA) vaccination is recommended routinely for children at age 12-23 months, for persons who are at increased risk for hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, and for any person wishing to obtain immunity. Persons at increased risk for HAV infection include international travelers to areas with high or intermediate hepatitis A endemicity, men who have sex with men, users of injection and noninjection drugs, persons with chronic liver disease, person with clotting factor disorders, persons who work with HAV-infected primates or with HAV in a research laboratory setting, and persons who anticipate c...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
This is the first time a routine vaccination has been recommended for homeless persons. Officials hope to prevent future outbreaks of the contagious liver disease.
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
For the first time, a U.S. advisory committee is recommending a routine vaccination for homeless people, voting Wednesday to urge hepatitis A shots for the homeless to prevent future outbreaks of the contagious liver disease
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
SPANISH FORK, Utah (AP) — Thousands of people may have been exposed to hepatitis A in Utah amid a widening outbreak that originally spread from a large epidemic in San Diego, health officials said Wednesday. Infected workers may have exposed customers at two Salt Lake City area restaurants and a convenience store, authorities said. All three locations were linked to a Utah outbreak that began in August among Salt Lake City's homeless population and illicit drug users. Tests connected it to an outbreak in San Diego that killed 20 people and sickened hundreds more, said Salt Lake County Health Department spokesman Nich...
Source: JEMS Operations - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: News Operations Source Type: news
San Diego County, battling a deadly outbreak of hepatitis A, is postponing an outreach campaign to provide the second of two inoculations against the contagious liver disease until a national shortage of the vaccine is resolved.Kaiser Health News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news
This article originally appeared on Health.com
Source: TIME.com: Top Science and Health Stories - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized public health Source Type: news
Abstract Hepatitis A virus (HAV) can cause serious liver disease and even death. HAV outbreaks are associated with the consumption of raw or minimally processed produce, making it a major public health concern. Infections have occurred despite the fact that effective HAV vaccine has been available. Development of a rapid and sensitive HAV detection method is necessary for an investigation of an HAV outbreak. Detection of HAV is complicated by the lack of a reliable culture method. In addition, due to the low infectious dose of HAV, these methods must be very sensitive. Current methods rely on efficient sample prep...
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research
Abstract Purpose - The environmental and demographic characteristics of closed institutions, particularly prisons, precipitate morbidity during hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreaks. Given the high prevalence of chronic liver disease and other risk factors in the prison setting, the purpose of this paper is to examine HAV-immunity and its associated factors in this population. Design/methodology/approach - The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2009: a serology screening for HAV IgG was carried out among 116 inmates in Switzerland's largest pre-trial prison. Other participant characteristics were collected through...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - Category: Criminology Authors: Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research
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