Anticancer activity of "Trigno M", extract of Prunus spinosa drupes, against in vitro 3D and in vivo colon cancer models.

Anticancer activity of "Trigno M", extract of Prunus spinosa drupes, against in vitro 3D and in vivo colon cancer models. Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Jul 31;118:109281 Authors: Condello M, Pellegrini E, Spugnini EP, Baldi A, Amadio B, Vincenzi B, Occhionero G, Delfine S, Mastrodonato F, Meschini S Abstract In 2018 there were over 1.8 million new cases worldwide of colorectal cancer and relapses after clinical treatments. Many studies ascribe the risk of the appearance of this cancer to the Western life style : a sedentary life, obesity, and low -fiber, high -fat diets can promote the onset of disease. Several studies have shown supplement phytochemicals to have an inhibiting effect on the growth of various cancers through the activation of apoptosis. Our goal was to prove the effectiveness of a natural compound in the combined therapy of colorectal cancer. Trigno M supplement was an optimal candidate as anticancer product for its high concentrations of phenolic acids, flavonoids and anthocyanins. Our work showed the antitumor activity of Trigno M, extract of Prunus spinosa drupes combined with the nutraceutical activator complex (NAC), in 2D, 3D and in vivo colorectal cancer models. The cellular model we used both in vitro and in vivo was the HCT116 cell line, particularly suitable for engraftment after inoculation in mice. Trigno M inhibited the growth and colony formation of HCT116 cells (35%) as compared to the chemotherapy treatment with 5-fl...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research

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Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
We describe a case of a 59-year-old male with esophageal adenocarcinoma undergoing chemotherapy presenting with a right upper lobe necrotizing pneumonia secondary to B. cereus with consequent massive hemoptysis.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Huda Badri, Jaclyn A. SmithAbstractCough is mediated by vagal afferent fibres innervating the larynx and proximal airways. Pre-clinical studies suggest that vagal C fibres produce Substance P, one of the tachykinin family of neuropeptides, which has been shown to enhance cough via the neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor and studies in animal models have also shown that NK-1 antagonists are effective at blocking induced cough. In the past, tachykinin receptor antagonists have yielded disappointing results in treating asthma...
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Discussion Iodine enhancement images can be used to calculate CT perfusion maps of blood flow, and compared with 80 kVp images, results showed only a small difference of 1 mL/100 mL/min in blood flow in healthy tissue, whereas patient radiation exposure was increased for dynamic DECT. Perfusion maps calculated based on iodine-enhancement images showed lower blood flow in fatty tissues surrounding the pancreas, indicating reduced susceptibility to residual patient breathing motion during the acquisition.
Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Objectives The goals of this study were to compare the efficacy of the new manganese-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent Mn-PyC3A to the commercial gadolinium-based agents Gd-DOTA and to Gd-EOB-DTPA to detect tumors in murine models of breast cancer and metastatic liver disease, respectively, and to quantify the fractional excretion and elimination of Mn-PyC3A in rats. Methods T1-weighted contrast-enhanced MRI with 0.1 mmol/kg Mn-PyC3A was compared with 0.1 mmol/kg Gd-DOTA in a breast cancer mouse model (n = 8) and to 0.025 mmol/kg Gd-EOB-DTPA in a liver metastasis mouse model (n = 6). The fractional...
Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Yikan Cheng1†, Yan Ma1†, Jian Zheng1†, Hua Deng2†, Xueqin Wang3,4, Yewei Li3,4, Xiaolin Pang1, Haiyang Chen1, Fang He1, Lei Wang5*, Jianping Wang5* and Xiangbo Wan1* 1Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Colorectal and Pelvic Floor Diseases, Department of Radiation Oncology, Guangdong Institute of Gastroenterology, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Banner-University Medical Center Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, United States 3Department of Statistical Science, Southern China Center for Statistical Science, School of Mathe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: The Australasian Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Australas J Dermatol Source Type: research
Author Affiliations open 1 McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada 2 Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), Barcelona, Spain 3 Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Barcelona, Spain 4 CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain 5 School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada 6 Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 7 Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA 8 Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Cana...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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