Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Its Association with Depression in Korean General Population.

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Its Association with Depression in Korean General Population. J Korean Med Sci. 2019 Aug 05;34(30):e199 Authors: Jung JY, Park SK, Oh CM, Chung PW, Ryoo JH Abstract BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated the significant association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and depression. However, there is ongoing debate on whether the risk for depression is actually related with the presence and severity of NAFLD. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the association between depression and NAFLD evaluated by diverse modalities. METHODS: A total of 112,797 participants from the Korean general population were enrolled. The study participants were categorized into three groups according to degree of NAFLD evaluated by ultrasonography, fatty liver index (FLI) and fibrosis-4 score (FIB-4). Depression was defined as a score of Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) ≥ 16, and the odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for depression (adjusted ORs [95% CI]) were assessed by multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: In the unadjusted model, the presence and severity of NAFLD was not significantly associated with depressive symptoms. However, in the fully adjusted model, ORs for depression increased in proportion to the degree of ultrasonographically detected NAFLD (mild fatty liver: 1.14 [1.06-1.22]; and moderate to severe fatty liver: 1.32 [1.17-1.48]). An asso...
Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

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ConclusionLGG administration increases hepatic FGF21 expression and serum ADPN concentration, resulting in a reduced ChREBP activation through dihydrosphingosine-1-phosphate-mediated PP2A deactivation, and subsequently reversed fructose-induced NAFLD. Thus, our data suggest that FGF21 is required for the beneficial effects of LGG in reversal of fructose-induced NAFLD.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We testified an independent relationship between NAFLD and common vascular risk factors (age, sex, educational level, BMI, cholesterol and lipid assessment, Hb1ac). At the same time, we ascertained an independent relationship between NAFLD and more recently recognized vascular risk factors, such as lack of folate, vitamin B12 and vitamin D-OH25, and increased levels of homocysteine. Finally, we have documented that NAFLD showed worse executive and frontal functions, and behavioral changes, such as depressive mood and anxiety, and apathy. PMID: 31080056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Katherine Samaras1,2,3*, Henrik Tevaerai4, Michel Goldman5, Johannes le Coutre6,7 and Jeff M. P. Holly8 1Department of Endocrinology, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 2Diabetes and Metabolism, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 3St Vincent's Hospital, St Vincent's Clinical School, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 4Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland 5Institute for Interdisciplinary Innovation in Healthcare, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium 6Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom 7Nes...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
We describe one such approach, albumin binding, and explain how it was applied in the development of the human GLP-1 analog liraglutide once daily and, subsequently, semaglutide once weekly. The pharmacology of these two long-acting GLP-1 analogs, in terms of improving glycemic control, reducing body weight and decreasing cardiovascular (CV) risk, is also reviewed, together with some novel biology. In addition, we describe the importance of accurate target (GLP-1 receptor) tissue expression analysis. Now an established class of agents, GLP-1-based therapies represent a significant advance in the treatment of T2D. All curr...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
We examined whether catalase is associated with NAFLD, using catalase knockout (CKO) mice and the catalase-deficient human hepatoma cell line HepG2. Hepatic morphology analysis revealed that the fat accumulation was more prominent in high-fat diet (HFD) CKO mice compared to that in age-matched wild-type (WT) mice, and lipid peroxidation and H2O2 release were significantly elevated in CKO mice. Transmission electron micrographs indicated that the liver mitochondria from CKO mice tended to be more severely damaged than those in WT mice. Likewise, mitochondrial DNA copy number and cellular ATP concentrations were significantl...
Source: Pflugers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Pflugers Arch Source Type: research
Conclusions: In diabetic patients with NAFLD, light or moderate lifetime alcohol consumption was not significantly associated with liver fibrosis. The impact of lifetime alcohol intake on fibrosis progression and diabetic comorbidities, in particular obstructive sleep apnea and hypertriglyceridemia, requires further investigation. PMID: 29226116 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
One of the women I work with wanted to know about the new diet drug called Belviq. The FDA is always approving a new “miracle” weight-loss pill, only to recall it a few years later. To date, at least 34 diet drugs have been taken off the market. Diet pills cause all kinds of problems — heart attack, stroke and psychiatric disorders. And Belviq isn’t any different. Some of its side effects include suicidal thoughts, a racing heartbeat, hallucinations and more… The European Union banned Belviq. The reason? It causes cancer in animals.  And here’s the real irony… Clinical tri...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Anti-Aging Source Type: news
Many epidemiological studies have confirmed the relationship of obesity and psoriasis, and it is believed that obesity is an independent risk factor for its development and is associated with a worse prognosis. Furthermore, the reduction of body weight, using low-calorie diet combined with exercise, reduces the severity of psoriasis. Visceral adipose tissue is the largest endocrine organ, producing proinflammatory cytokines (TNF- α , IL-6, IL-17) and adipokines (adiponectin, omentin, chemerin). They participate in the development of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, diabetes, and consequently of the cardiovascular d...
Source: Postepy higieny i medycyny doswiadczalnej - Category: Research Tags: Review article Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Fatty liver disease, or hepatic steatosis, is both age-related and self-inflicted in the sense that in most sufferers the primary cause appears to be the metabolic dysfunction that accompanies obesity, but the risk also rises with age, and even an exemplary life can sometimes eventually result in the appearance of this condition. Chronic inflammation may play an important role in the development of fatty liver disease without obesity, and whenever that it is the case it is sensible to immediately turn to the age-related accumulation of senescent cells as a potential contributing mechanism, as these cells are a potent sourc...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
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