Anti-inflammatory and antiviral effects of minocycline in enterovirus 71 infections

Publication date: October 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 118Author(s): Yu-Ting Liao, Shih-Min Wang, Shun-Hua ChenAbstractEnterovirus 71 (EV71) brainstem encephalitis (BE) is divided into—uncomplicated BE, autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation, and pulmonary edema (PE)—based on cytokine-mediated severe systemic and central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory responses. Minocycline has been found to have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties in infectious and inflammatory neurological disease models. The effects of minocycline on EV71 infection were studied in vitro and in vivo experiments. The minocycline treatment (100–300 μg/mL) on cytokine expressions and viral replications were investigated in rhabdomyosarcoma (RD), U-87MG, and THP-1 cells. The mouse-adapted-EV71 strain (MP4)-infected 7-day-old ICR mice model was used to explore the anti-inflammatory and antiviral effects of minocycline (1 and 5 μg/g) for the treatment of EV71 infection. In in vitro, minocycline reduced cytopathic effects (CPEs), viral protein expressions, viral titers, the levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 and relative mRNA expressions of IL-12p40, IL-1β, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) after EV71 infection. The levels of TNF, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 decreased with a single dose of minocycline in EV71-infected THP-1 cells. Double-dose minocycline treatment demonstrated more effective reduction in cytokines. In the MP4...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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