Clustering of immune-mediated diseases in sarcoidosis

Purpose of review Sarcoidosis is an immune-mediated disease of unknown cause. Immune-mediated diseases appear to cluster in patients and in families. We review what is known on this topic for sarcoidosis, and what factors may underlie disease clustering. Recent findings In populations of patients with sarcoidosis, relative risk estimates of Sjögren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune hepatitis, ankylosing spondylitis, multiple sclerosis (MS), celiac disease, autoimmune thyroid disease, and ulcerative colitis, varied between 2.1 and 11.6. In relatives of patients with sarcoidosis, relative risk estimates varied between 1.3 and 5.8 for sarcoidosis, MS, celiac disease, type 1 diabetes, Graves’ disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis. Shared risk loci in key immunological pathways provide evidence for a contribution to development of multiple diseases. Identical changes in the immune status, epigenetic alterations, and environmental triggers have been detected in several diseases, and drug-induced disease is likely responsible for a small portion of co-occurring disease. Summary Clustering of sarcoidosis and other immune-mediated diseases in patients and in their relatives occurs for sarcoidosis, MS, celiac disease, Graves’ disease, and ulcerative colitis. Further research is needed to substantiate causal links and risk estimates in patients and their relatives.
Source: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: SARCOIDOSIS: Edited by Jan C. Grutters and Marc A. Judson Source Type: research

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ConclusionsIn conclusion, we identified a genetic regulator of spontaneous lipolysis, and provide evidence for HIF3A as a novel key regulator of lipolysis in subcutaneous adipoctyes as the mechanism through which the locus is influencing adipose tissue biology.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionP. karwinskii leaf extract inhibited reactive oxygen species and exerted an anti-inflammatory effect. Moreover, this extract did not induce gastric damage in the animals. The bioactivity of the species was found to support its traditional use in traditional medicine. This orchid could be used to treat inflammatory diseases without causing the side effects associated with Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It can also be employed to treat other pathological conditions associated with oxidative stress. The findings herein form the basis for the future discovery of natural products that may serve as safe alternat...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Cartee A, Murray JA PMID: 31981420 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
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Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
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Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
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Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
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Source: Health Promotion Journal of Australia - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot J Austr Source Type: research
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Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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