Epistemic Virtue, Prospective Parents and Disability Abortion

AbstractResearch shows that a high majority of parents receiving prenatal diagnosis of intellectual disability terminate pregnancy. They have reasons for rejecting a child with intellectual disabilities —these reasons are, most commonly, beliefs about quality of life for it or them. Without a negative evaluation of intellectual disability, their choice makes no sense. Disability-based abortion has been critiqued through virtue ethics for being inconsistent with admirable moral character. Parental selectivity conflicts with the virtue of acceptingness (the commitment to welcome whatever child comes naturally) and exhibits the vice of wilfulness (the project of picking and choosing what children one will take). In this paper I claim that, beyond failures of moral virtue, disability abortion o ften involves failures of epistemic virtue on the part of parents. I argue two things: parents believe something false, or at least contested, about life with intellectual disability—and they do so because they are not epistemically conscientious. I first explain why a central motivation for disab ility abortion—that it prevents harm to the child—is mistaken. I next give a brief account of intellectual virtue and culpable ignorance. I then indicate why many parents fail to be intellectually virtuous when choosing to terminate pregnancy. I focus on elimination of intellectual disability an d have little to say about physical and sensory impairments.
Source: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: All 3 outcome measures demonstrated good responsiveness. MICs were derived for each instrument. The PGQ at 8 weeks post-randomisation was identified as an appropriate outcome measure for pregnancy-related LBP/PGP since it is specific to these pain presentations and assesses both activity limitations and symptoms. The NRS is an efficient, shorter alternative. PMID: 31392990 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research
During pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium, women receive care from a range of health professionals, particularly midwives. To assess the current situation of maternity care for women with physical disabiliti...
Source: BMC Health Services Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
In this episode, our hosts discuss whether or not mental illness is a real disorder or if it’s just something that medical and pharmaceutical companies made up to make a profit.  SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW “Instead of taking my psychiatric medications this morning, should I have just gone to yoga?” – Michelle Hammer Highlights from ‘Mental Illness Made Up’ Episode [2:00] Is mental illness real? [4:00] Yoga doesn’t cure all mental illnesses, just like it wouldn’t cure cancer. [16:00] Dealing with people who think mental illness is not real. [19:30] Eating disorders ar...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Brain and Behavior Disorders General Source Type: blogs
(Natural News) According to statistics presented by the Autism Society, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the fastest growing developmental disability in the United States, with one in 59 children now being diagnosed with a form of this condition. Shockingly, the number of people diagnosed with ASD increased by over 119 percent between 2000 and 2010....
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionThe management of hypertension was done according to a codified protocol with molecules available in each Maghreb establishment; it requires deep involvement of the paramedical staff.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The objective was to explore the available evidence on the psychometric properties of 12-item self-administered WHODAS 2.0 among a general population and people with non-acute physical causes of disability. Methods: Five databases Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, and PsycINFO were searched for papers related to the validity, reliability, responsiveness, minimal clinically important difference or minimal detectable change of 12-item self-administered WHODAS 2.0. In order to avoid missing any potentially relevant studies, the search clauses were left as generic as possible and the refining search was conducted manual...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Ashleigh L. Osborne, Nadia Solowij, Ilijana Babic, Jeremy S. Lum, Xu-Feng Huang, Kelly A. Newell, Katrina Weston-GreenAbstractCognitive impairment is a major source of disability in schizophrenia and current antipsychotic drugs (APDs) have minimal efficacy for this symptom domain. Cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-intoxicating component of Cannabis sativa L., exhibits antipsychotic and neuroprotective properties. We recently reported the effects of CBD on cognition in male offspring of a maternal immune activation (polyinosinic-po...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Abstract Cognitive impairment is a major source of disability in schizophrenia and current antipsychotic drugs (APDs) have minimal efficacy for this symptom domain. Cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-intoxicating component of Cannabis sativa L., exhibits antipsychotic and neuroprotective properties. We recently reported the effects of CBD on cognition in male offspring of a maternal immune activation (polyinosinic-polycytidilic acid (poly I:C)) model relevant to the aetiology of schizophrenia; however, the effects of CBD treatment in females are unknown. Sex differences are observed in the onset of schizophrenia sym...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Behav Immun Source Type: research
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Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
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