Epistemic Virtue, Prospective Parents and Disability Abortion

AbstractResearch shows that a high majority of parents receiving prenatal diagnosis of intellectual disability terminate pregnancy. They have reasons for rejecting a child with intellectual disabilities —these reasons are, most commonly, beliefs about quality of life for it or them. Without a negative evaluation of intellectual disability, their choice makes no sense. Disability-based abortion has been critiqued through virtue ethics for being inconsistent with admirable moral character. Parental selectivity conflicts with the virtue of acceptingness (the commitment to welcome whatever child comes naturally) and exhibits the vice of wilfulness (the project of picking and choosing what children one will take). In this paper I claim that, beyond failures of moral virtue, disability abortion o ften involves failures of epistemic virtue on the part of parents. I argue two things: parents believe something false, or at least contested, about life with intellectual disability—and they do so because they are not epistemically conscientious. I first explain why a central motivation for disab ility abortion—that it prevents harm to the child—is mistaken. I next give a brief account of intellectual virtue and culpable ignorance. I then indicate why many parents fail to be intellectually virtuous when choosing to terminate pregnancy. I focus on elimination of intellectual disability an d have little to say about physical and sensory impairments.
Source: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

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Contributors : Faycal Guedj ; Ashley E Siegel ; Jeroen L Pennings ; Fatimah Alsebaa ; Lauren J Massingham ; Umadevi Tantravahi ; Diana W BianchiSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensDown syndrome (DS), a genetic condition leading to intellectual disability, is characterized by triplication of human chromosome 21. Neuropathological hallmarks of DS include abnormal central nervous system development that manifests during gestation and extends throughout life. As a result, newborns and adults with DS exhibit cognitive and motor deficits and fail to meet typical developmental and lack independent li...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Contributors : Faycal Guedj ; Ashley E Siegel ; Jeroen L Pennings ; Fatimah Alsebaa ; Lauren J Massingham ; Umadevi Tantravahi ; Diana W BianchiSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Mus musculusDown syndrome (DS), a genetic condition leading to intellectual disability, is characterized by triplication of human chromosome 21. Neuropathological hallmarks of DS include abnormal central nervous system development that manifests during gestation and extends throughout life. As a result, newborns and adults with DS exhibit cognitive and motor deficits and fail to meet typical developmental and lack independent li...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Mus musculus Source Type: research
MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2020 -- Many women with severe migraines don't want to get pregnant because of concerns about their headaches, a new study finds. Migraine, one of the world's leading causes of disability, particularly affects women of childbearing...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: The AQUEOUS study assessed for the first time the unmet needs of young PAPS patients, enabling the development of a future "youth-focused" strategy to reduce disease burden. PMID: 32940209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
ConclusionsSupervised group exercise did not improve psychological well ‐being for women with or at high risk of depression at 29‐34 weeks of gestation. Eight weeks postpartum the intervention group reported significantly higher psychological well‐being than the control group. Based on our results, supervised exercise in groups is a safe complementary course of t reatment alongside the existing antenatal care.
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Physicians and patients should be aware of the updated recommendations for UTis and MS. PMID: 32900473 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue Neurologique - Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research
Conclusions There was a high level of inflammatory radiographic disease activity which was related to relapses in postpartum patients with MS. Further studies are needed to determine whether hormonal fluctuations vs extended time off DMTs may be the underlying cause of our observations.
Source: Neurology Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: MRI, Multiple sclerosis Article Source Type: research
am Thirty years ago, Northern Bohemia in the Czech Republic was one of the most air polluted areas in Europe. After political changes, the Czech government put forward a research program to determine if air pollution is really affecting human health. This program, later called the “Teplice Program”, was initiated in collaboration with scientists from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). This cooperation made possible the use of methods on the contemporary level. The very high concentrations of sulphur dioxide (SO2), particulate matter of 10 micrometers or less (PM10), and poly...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are critical for brain development and have been linked with neurodevelopmental outcomes. We conducted a population-based case control study in California to examine the association between PUFAs measured in mid-pregnancy serum samples and child autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ASD cases (n = 499) were identified through the Department of Developmental Services and matched to live-birth population controls (n = 502) on birth month, year (2010-2011), and sex. Crude and adjusted logistic regression models were used to examine associations. Secondary ana...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: Am J Epidemiol Source Type: research
ConclusionsSupervised group exercise did not improve psychological well ‐being for women with or at high risk of depression at 29–34 weeks of gestation. Eight weeks postpartum the intervention group reported significantly higher psychological well‐being than the control group. Based on our results, supervised exercise in groups is a safe complementary course of tr eatment alongside the existing antenatal care.
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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