Mutation Hikes Death Risk in Thyroid Cancer (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) who are carriers of the BRAF V600E mutation had worse mortality, researchers found.
In conclusion, we found elevated levels of circulating FGF-23 with hypercalcemia following the discontinuation of denosumab. FGF-23 might be a surrogate marker for massive bone resorption triggered by discontinuation of long-term denosumab treatment. PMID: 31527321 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: In MTC patients with increased Ctn and no known distant metastases, F-18-Dopa PET/CT is more sensitive to detect structural disease than any other imaging modality, including WB MRI. PMID: 31530235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: Expression of a constitutively activated ALK mutant in thyroids of mice leads to development of metastasizing thyroid cancer resembling human PDTC. These results demonstrate in vivo that increased ALK activity is a driver mechanism in thyroid carcinogenesis. PMID: 31526103 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Bonk S, Kluth M, Hube-Magg C, Polonski A, Soekeland G, Makropidi-Fraune G, Möller-Koop C, Witt M, Luebke AM, Hinsch A, Burandt E, Steurer S, Clauditz TS, Schlomm T, Perez D, Graefen M, Heinzer H, Huland H, Izbicki JR, Wilczak W, Minner S, Sauter G, Simon R Abstract To assess the prognostic and diagnostic utility of PSA immunostaining, tissue microarrays containing 17,747 prostate cancers, 3,442 other tumors from 82 different (sub) types and 608 normal tissues were analyzed at two different antibody concentrations (1:100 and 1:800). In normal tissues, PSA expression was limited to prostate epithelial c...
Rebecca Hetherington, now 29, from Newcastle, started to feel unwell in 2013. She was diagnosed with stage two metastatic papillary thyroid cancer on May 17 2016 after a locum GP referred her for a scan.
Conclusion: The proposed newly devised hypothyroid scale correctly identified subjects with TSH elevation and clinical/subclinical hypothyroidism based on their clinical signs and symptoms. In this particular subset of patients, the hypothyroid symptom scale showed a statistically significant improvement in the sum of the signs and symptoms with the normalization of the subjects' thyroid function.
Publication date: October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Volume 43, Issue 7, SupplementAuthor(s): Kirstie Lithgow, Helen Huang, Denise Chan, Moosa Khalil, Mike Bristow, Vincent Dinculescu, Markus Eszlinger, Vicky Parkins, Ralf Paschke
This study aims to analyze complication rates of thyroid surgery, papillary thyroid microcarcinoma recurrence, and survival rates. Additionally, the costs of surgery versus hypothetic active surveillance for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma are compared in an Australian cohort.
Background: Analysis of plasma circulating cell-free DNA integrity (cfDI) has emerged as a promising tool in the diagnosis of malignant vs. benign tumors. There is limited data on the role of cfDI in thyroid cancer. The goal of this study was to analyze cfDI as a biomarker of malignancy in patients with cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules.Methods: The cfDI was measured in the plasma of patients with cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules. All patients underwent plasma collection within 24–72 h before surgical treatment for thyroid nodules. Additionally, samples were collected from seven patients via the ...